Theory Final

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Theory Final
2010-12-14 20:55:51
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  1. aerosols are smaller than _____ mm and remain in the air for ____ hours
    • 5 mm
    • 24 hours
  2. what is the size of TB
  3. what vaccines should you get annually?
    TB and Flu
  4. what bacteria is shed with exfoliation?
  5. _____ bacteria reflects contamination by routine?
  6. contact dermatitis presents itself 6-72 hours after exposure what type of hypersensitivity is this?
    type IV-delayed reaction
  7. what is defined as a specific eye, mouth, mucous membrane, nonintact skin or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious material that results from the performance of one's usual professional duties
    exposure incident
  8. what is defined as a reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane or parenteral contact with blood or other potentially infectious material that may result from the performance of one's usual duties
    occupational exposure
  9. what is a microbiologic load that is the number of contaminating organisms present on a surface prior to sterilization or disinfection
  10. what is a substance that poses a biologic risk because it is contaminated with biomaterial with a potential for transmitting infection
  11. what is the surface film that contains microorganism and other biologic substances?
  12. what is the temp, pressure and time for steam autoclaves?
    • 121
    • 15 lbs
    • 15 minutes
  13. what are glutaraldehydes used for?
    immersion disinfectants
  14. what is defined as indicates a range of activity of a drug or chemical substance against a wide variety of microorganisms?
    broad spectrum
  15. what is defined as the joint action of agents so that their combined effect is greater than the sum of their individual parts?
  16. what are two types of mirror surfaces? what is not a mirror surface?
    • plane
    • concave
    • NOT convex
  17. t/f a mirror surface is convex
  18. t/f the probe has a rough pointed tip
  19. where is the probe depth measured from?
    gingival margin to attached periodontal tissue (epithelial attachment)
  20. what is the position of the perio attached tissue at the base of suclcus called?
  21. which is not a type of explorer 11/12, sickle, pigtail, H6/7
  22. when is the supine position contraindicated?
    congestive heart, vertigo, sinusitis and advanced pregnancy
  23. what is a persistent infection where the causative agent remains inactive within certain cells?
    latent infection
  24. where do invading organisms live and multiply?
  25. when you have hep D you also have?
    hep B (coinfections)
  26. ____ can pass through a 95% bacterial filtration mask?
  27. t/f TB is aids defining?
  28. what form of sterilization requires the longest time
    chemical sterilant
  29. what are the approved disinfectant agents?
    • iodophors
    • sodium hypochlorite
    • complex phenols
  30. t/f glutaraldehydes can be used as surface disinfectants
  31. t/f molars and premolars you start probing at the distal line angle for both facial and lingual surfaces. With anterior teeth the initial insertion may be distal or midline for facial and lingual.
    both statements are true
  32. hep is inflammation of what organ?
  33. which herpes simplex affects the lips, genitals, fingers and eyes?
    herpes simplex I
  34. what does herpetic whitlow affect?
  35. the herpes virus lays latent in the nerves what can it be triggered by?
    • ultraviolet light
    • stress
    • dental trauma
  36. when can you legally defer a patients treatment?
    active TB and herpetic lesion
  37. what is VZV?
    chicken pox and shingles
  38. what is the highest reading for the blood pressure?
  39. what is the low reading for blood pressure?
  40. t/f bilateral exams use two hands at the same time to examine corresponding structures on opposite sides of the body. Bimanual exam uses fingers and thumb from each hand applied simultaneously in coordination.
    both statements are true
  41. how many lymph nodes are in the whole body?
  42. how many lymph nodes are in the head and neck
  43. what is the function of cementum?
    seal tubules and attach perio fibrs
  44. the cementum is ____ to ____ um at the root and ____ to ____ um at the cervical area
    • 50 to 200 um at the root
    • 30 to 60 um at the cervical area
  45. describe a type I embrasure
    gingival tissue fills the area
  46. t/f the anterior line of the mucogingival junction is smooth and fairly straight.
  47. what is the texture of hyperkeratosis
    leathery hard or nodular
  48. what acts as a barrier to keep infection out?
    junctional epithelium
  49. what is the gingival side of the sulcus?
    sulcular epithelium
  50. a pt that is gasping for air and wheezing is most likely experiencing what?
    asthma attack
  51. what is the most common medical emergency in the dental office?
    syncope (fainting)
  52. when the brain cells are deprived of oxygenated blood they cease to provide respiratory and circulatory function and the body goes through?
  53. what is the interruption of korotkoff sounds called during the systolic pressure?
    auscultation gap
  54. what a report is referred to as a false negative it indicates?
    malignancy may be present but sample examined on smear or biopsy may not have included cancerous cells
  55. what is defined as providing the quality health care that benefits the patient
  56. what is influenced by a persons culture and language?
    • person's beliefs
    • behaviors
    • perceptions
    • attitudes
  57. what is defined as the obligation to patient to do no harm
  58. what is a depressed lesion?
  59. airway must be established in ____ to ___ minutes to prevent brain damage?
    4 to 6 minutes