artic final test 1

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artic final test 1
2010-12-14 21:28:26

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  1. Which of the following statements concerning phonological processes is not true?
    children with different language backgrounds begin with different sets of phonological processes
  2. If a child says [wash] for watch, this is an example of which phonological process?
  3. which one of the trasncriptions would indicate "bird" without the r-coloring on the vowel?
  4. In the transcription [kaetl] (the l has a line under it for a vowel absorption) what does the diacritic under [l] indicate?
    That the [l] is the syllable nucleus of the second syllable
  5. Which one of the following transcriptions indicates excessive aspriation?
  6. Which one of the following would indicate a nasalized [s]?
  7. If you were testing [s] in the medial position, which one of the following words would have the same syllable and stress structure as "cassette"?
  8. the phonetic level is related to the surface level form while the phonemic level is related to
    the underlying function
  9. distinctive features are
    "atomic" constituents of sound segments which cannot be broken down any further
  10. the binary system of distinctive features refers to
    a system to signal the presence or absence of certain features
  11. distinctive features can be used clinically to demonstrate
    allophonic variations
  12. which of the following phonological processes would indicate the [sk]-->[t] in "skate" [skeit] to [teit]?
    all of the above (fronting, cluster reduction, cluster substitution)
  13. A very young child says [gag] for dog. This is which type of assimilation process?
    regressive phonemic assimilation
  14. the smallest linguistic unit which is able, when combined with other such units to establish word meanings is referred to as the
  15. which one of the following is not included in the definition of phonological disorder?
    disturbances in the relatively peripheral motor processes that result in speech
  16. according to stampe, phonological processes are
    universal and innate
  17. the allowed combinations of phonemes in a particular language refers to the
    phonotactic constraints
  18. the definition of phonology includes
    the description of the system and patterns of phonemes within a language
  19. if a child says [baeftub] for "bathtub" this is an example of which phonological process?
  20. which one of the following is not a syllable structure process?
    consonant cluster substitution
  21. if a child says [guk] for "duck" which type of assimilation process has occurred?
    velar assimilation
  22. a consonant that functions as a syllable nucleus is referred to as a
  23. if you were studying the production of [s] varies in american english verses spanish, you would be in which branch of phonetics?
    articulatory phonetics
  24. if you were studying how foreign students perceive various speech sounds of american english you would be in which branch of phonetics?
    auditory phonetics
  25. which one of the subdivisions of phonetics would examine the frequency, intensity, and duration of speech sounds?
    acoustic phonetics
  26. the subcategory of phonetics dealing with the motor processes with result in speech is
    articulatory phonetics
  27. which of the following is not a parameter used to describe vowel productions
    the manner of articulation
  28. vowels which are labeled front vowels are
    are produced by articulatory adjustments made by more anterior portions of the tongue
  29. which of the following dipthongs has a back vowel offglide?
  30. the end products of articulatory motor processes that represent physical sound realities are called
    all the above
  31. the repetoire of phonemes which are used contrastively by and individual is the
    phonemic inventory
  32. the clusters [sk] and [ks] cannot occur in the same word position in general american english. this is an example of the
    phonotactics of language
  33. dipthongs which are produced with a central vowels as the offglide are referred to as
    centering dipthongs
  34. minimal pairs are exemplified by which of the following set of words?
    all of the above
  35. if the word "unpredictabl" is pronounced as [em...] this is an example of a
    regressive assimilation
  36. if the phrase "want to" pronounced [wanna] this is an example of
    contact assimilation
  37. why should clinicians use phonetic transcription
    all of the above
  38. diacritics are
    marks added to sound transcription symbols to give them a particular phonetic value
  39. which of the following would indicate a dentalized [s]
    but flip it
  40. the posterior movement of the tongue placement in the direction of the velum of palatal sounds is referred to as
  41. if the transcription is [kup] this indicates that (sideways L)
    the [p] sound is unreleased
  42. if "cool" is transcribed [ku:l] this indicates that
    the [u] sound was produced clearly longer than normal in duration
  43. which of the following phonetic symbols indicates a closed glottis is suddenly released after a build up of subglottal air pressure
  44. three areas of study within phonetics are acoustic phonetics, articulatory phonetics, and auditory phonetics
  45. if two languages have the same phonemic inventory, they will be identical lnaguages
  46. articulation erros are phonetic in nature
  47. only vowels can function as syllable nuclei
  48. distinctive features can be used to analyze sound deletions and distorations
  49. typically in the standard pronunciation of general american english, rising diphthongs are produced
  50. if a phonological process can be identified in the speech of a child, then the child has a phonological impairment
  51. a syllable must have a peak and either an onset or a coda
  52. the diacritic marker for a dentalized production should be used with interdental sounds such as the [theta] and [vocied theta]
  53. changes in tongue placement for vowels do not alter the vowel quality
  54. normal aspiration is typically marked in utterances

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