What is the name for the windows in the adjoining houses which
served as a box seat for performances in Spanish Golden Age theatres?
What was the name of the gallery above the refreshment booth
reserved for unaccompanied women in Spanish Golden Age theatres?
What was the name of the ballad, with music, singing, and dancing
which was the common beginning of a typical play in the Spanish public theatres
of the Golden Age?
What is the earliest known tragedy uniting classical form and subject and written by Antonio
Which of the servant characters in Italian theatre is by far the most popular,
displaying a mixture of cunning and stupidity, is usually an accomplished
acrobat and dancer, was usually at the center of any intrigue, and was usually
costumed in stylized red, blue, and green diamond-shaped patches?
What writer, whose work in farce is cited as a possible forerunner
of Commedia dell’arte, took inspiration from everyday life and ordinary speech
of northern Italy, and wrote plays which center around the peasant character
Ruzzante, a role he played?
Who is the most frequent companion of Harlequin, and is a libidinous, cynically witty servant?
What Renaissance play, by Cardinal Bernardo Dovizi da Bibbiena,
blends traditional and contemporary elements, and became a model for others?
What commedia character is a braggart and coward who boasts his
prowess in love and war, usually discredited in both, and is frequently an
unwelcome suitor of the inamorata, ccostumed in a sword, cape, and feathered
Ariosto, with a Roman plot and a contemporary Italian setting?
La Cassaria (The Casket)
What system of scene changing was developed by Giacomo Torelli and
constituted the next significant step in scene shifting after book flats?
Chariot and Pole
What playwright, whose later plays are more like melodramas, moved
to serious plays with happy endings, finding that audiences preferred this kind
of plot, and whom no other serious dramatist rivaled in popularity?
What was the first full-length work produced by the Camerata of Florence
and, consequently, the first opera?
What commedia character usually holds an established place in
society, is an “educated” man (pedant), who loves to show off his learning,
speaking a Bolognese dialect with Latin words and phrases stuck in, but is usually tricked by others, and is
usually doctor or lawyer, costumed in the academic cap and gown and is usually
a jealous, but often cuckolded husband?
What is the earliest tragedy of the Renaissance, written by Albert
Mussato, which used a modified Senecan form and drew its subject matter from
The oldest 50 Commedia scenarios, refined over time and passed
from one troupe to another, were published in 1611 by whom?
What renaissance form is descended from mascherata of carnival time and court entertainments, and was often
used to pay elaborate compliments to those being honored, drawing parallels
between mythological figures and contemporary persons, and whose appeal was in
their spectacle – scenery, costumes, music, dance, etc, using dialogue only
when plots needed explanation?
What were the specific comic bits which were common and expected
in any given Commedia scenario?
What form grew out of attempts by the Camerata of Florence to
recreate Greek tragedy in the late 16th century and grew into one of
the major art forms of the baroque era, and, in Italy, came to displace
interest in spoken drama, and is one of the only Renaissance forms that exists
What commedia character is a middle-aged or elderly merchant who
speaks in a Venetian dialect and is fond of proverbs, and who, despite his age,
often poses as a young man, usually costumed in a tight-fitting red vest, red
breeches and stockings, soft slippers, an ankle-length black coat, and a soft
brimless cap, with a gray beard, and a large hooked nose?
What is the title of the oldest known Renaissance comedy, a satire
on student life, by Pier Paolo Vergerio?
What commedia character is a mixture of shrewdness and
foolishness, wit and dullness, villainy and love, whose function in the
scenarios varied, being sometimes a servant or host of an inn, or a merchant,
but is always a Neapolitan?
Purity of Form, Purposeful, Verisimilitude
What is the name of the group of writers established to develop
the French Language, seeking to make French the medium for literature based on
classical works, and who formulated rules of grammar, added new words, and
wrote new works?
What is the name of the most characteristic entertainment of the
early period of French drama which were primarily evolved court festivals whose
creators soughtto unite plot, song,dance, and spectacle, and is essentially the
French equivalent of Intermezzi
Ballet de cour
What is the name of the French “guild” which held a monopoly on
theatrical production in Paris since 1402, having been organized to present
religious drama, performing in a large hall at the Hopital de la Trinite, prior
to building their own Theatre?
Confrérie de la Passion
What is the theatre, built in 1548 by the above guild, originally
to house their own religious dramas, which was probably the first permanent
public theatre to be built in Europe since Roman times?
Hotel de Bourgogne
What was the most famous of the Commedia Troupes which played
Paris sporadically between 1571 and 1588 and returned after 1599?
Who was France’s first professional dramatist who began writing
around 1597, writing an exceptional number of plays, of which only 34 are
extant, who wrote for the popular audience and adapted his plays to their
Who was the first important French actor manager, whose company
toured the provinces for six years before coming to Paris, calling themselves
the King’s Company?
Who was the actor from the “King’s Company” who stayed behind in
Paris and formed his own company, joined by another two former company members?
Who is the dramatist most often linked to the success of
Neoclassic ideal in France, and is said to have set French comedy on a new path
as well as having precipitated a battle between old and new styles?
What is the name of the converted tennis court in Paris in which a
new company settled in 1634 and became the first serious rival to the Hotel
Theatre du Marais
Who is sometimes called the first great French actor, having come
to Paris in 1629 with Corneille’s Melitte, but suffered Paralysis in 1637?
What was the name of the two court theatres?
The Petit Bourbon, The Palais Royal
What is the original name of the Theatre Richelieu had constructed
in his palace in 1640 with a permanent proscenium and a stage capable of
accommodating flat wings?
What is the name Richelieu’s Theatre was changed to upon his
What was the name of the theatre that was built when the Petit
Bourbon was torn down, which was enormously deep to accommodate the growing
size of spectacle?
Salle des Machines
What Playwright came to epitomize comedy, and raised it to a level
equal to tragedy?
What company, in 1665, was given a royal subsidy and achieved a
position of pre-eminence in Comedy equal to that of tragedy at Bourgogne, whose
reputation derived primarily from Moliere’s plays?
What theatre did both the Marais Company and Moliere’s wind up
with when it was vacated by Lully, and Louis XIV closed the Marais and combined
the two companies?
What is the name for members of the Comedy Francaise who were
What is the name for members of the above company who worked for
the company on a salary basis?