Health drugs & booze

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    • 1. Cerebral cortex
    • 2. Cerebellum
    • 3. Medulla
    • 4. Central nervous system
    • 5. Hypothalamus
    • 6.Hippocampus
  2. Cerebral cortex
    • decision making
    • Act without thinking.
  3. Cerebellum
    • Coordinating everyday movement
    • Loss of balance
  4. Medulla
    • Breathing
    • Coma
  5. Central Nervous System
    • Sending signals through the body
    • Slow movement
  6. Hypothalamus
    • Heart rate
    • Increased hunger
  7. Hippocampus
    • Memory
    • Difficulty learning
  8. Alcohol- short-term eyes
    • blur eyesight
    • hard to adjust to light
  9. alcohol- bones
    • harder to absorb calcium
    • osteoporosis
  10. What effects drunk level?
    • body size
    • gender
    • food (slows it down)
    • amount & rate of intake
  11. Multiplier effect
    medication has different or greater effect when taken with alcohol.
  12. Alcohol effects what in nervous system?
    • brain
    • memory
    • judgement
  13. Alcohol- short-term brain
    • Less able to control body
    • Impaired movement, speech, & vision.
  14. Alcohol- short-term memory
    • Thought processes disorganized.
    • Memory & concentration dulled
  15. Alcohol- short-term judgement
    • Judgement altered.
    • Coordination impaired.
  16. Alcohol- short-term heart
    • With a little, heart increases. With more, decreases (depressant).
    • Irregular heart rate.
  17. Alcohol- short-term blood vessels
    • Expand, causing increased surface area.
    • Temperature drop.
  18. Alcohol effects what in cardiovascular system?
    • Heart
    • Blood vessels
  19. Alcohol effects what in digestive system?
    • Stomach
    • Liver
    • Kidneys
  20. Alcohol effects what in respiratory system?
    • Lungs
    • Breathing
  21. Alcohol- short-term stomach
    • Increase stomach acid
    • Nausea & vomiting
  22. Alcohol- short-term liver
    • Releases toxic chemicals as it metabolizes alcohol.
    • Inflammation & scarring
  23. Alcohol- short-term kidneys
    • Increase urine
    • Dehydration
  24. Alcohol- short-term lungs
    Exhales CO2 from liver
  25. Alcohol- short-term breathing
    Effects nerves, so with a lot, breathing may become slow, irregular, or stop.
  26. Alcohol and drug interactions
    • Slow absorbtion-increase side effects
    • Increase metabolism-borken down faster, less effective
    • Increase effect
    • Metabolism can change medications into chemicals that damage organs.
  27. Binge drinking
    Drinking to get drunk; 5 or more beers in one sitting.
  28. Alcohol poisoning
    Sever and potentially fatal physical reaction to alcohol overdose.
  29. How much alcohol is oxidized per hour?
    1/2 oz
  30. Marijuana- lungs
    3-7x more than tobacco
  31. Amotivational syndrome
    Stuck, don't want to do anything. No motivation.
  32. Marijuana harvested from
    cannabis
  33. Marijuana high from
    THC
  34. Alcohol long-term brain
    • addiction
    • loss of functions (verbal, memory, vision)
    • damage (reduced size & cell)
  35. Alcohol long-term cardiovascular
    • heart damage
    • enlarged heart
    • high blood pressure
  36. Alcohol long-term liver
    • Fatty liver- fat builds, can't be broken down, blocks blood & kills liver cells.
    • Alocoholic hepatitis-inflammation/infection
    • Cirrhosis- liver tissue replaced by useless scar tissue
  37. Alcohol long-term digestive
    • irritation
    • cancer
    • ulcers
  38. Alcohol long-term pancreas
    Lining swells and blocks passage from pancreas to small intestine. digestive chemicals can't escape & destroy it.
  39. Fetal alcohol syndrome
    • alcohol-related birth defect.
    • small head
    • retardation
    • slow growth and learning
    • addicted to alcohol
  40. Alcoholism
    physical or physchological addiction to alcohol.
  41. Alcoholism stages
    • Abuse
    • Dependance
    • Addiction
  42. Recovery
    process of learning to live an alcohol-free life.
  43. Sobriety
    living without alcohol.
  44. Alcohol is _____, not __________ (Stomach)
    absorbed, not digested
  45. Blood alcohol level
    measures amount of alcohol in the blood.
  46. Legal intoxication
    .08
  47. What level dpoes breathing stop?
    .50
  48. Early alcoholism
    • personality changes
    • denies drinking
    • irritable
    • drinks frequently
    • increased tolerance
  49. Middle stage alcoholism
    • drinks in morning
    • drinks at work/school
    • noticeable signs
    • memory loss
    • doesn't keep promises
  50. Late alcoholism
    • lives to drink
    • ignores hygeine
    • liquor more important than family/friends/job
    • isolation
    • hallucinations
    • liver disease
    • decreased tolerance
  51. Psychoactive drugs
    Chemicals that affect the chemical nervous system and alter activity in the brain.
  52. Stimulants examples
    • cocaine
    • crack
    • amphetamines
    • methamphetamine
    • crystal meth
  53. Depressants
    • barbituates
    • tranquilizers
    • rohypnol (roophies)
    • GHB
  54. Narcotics
    • opium
    • morphine
    • herion
    • codeine
  55. Hallucinogens
    • PCP
    • LSD
    • ecstacy
    • ketamine
    • marijuana
  56. Stimulants def.
    drugs that speed up the central nervous system
  57. Depressants def
    Drugs that slow down the central nervous system
  58. Narcotics def
    • specific drugs derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription.
    • relieve pain.
  59. Hallucinogens def.
    drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch.
  60. Designer drugs
    • synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs.
    • can be 100 times more powerful (ecstacy)
  61. Inhalants
    • household cleaners/products that are inhaled
    • paint
    • aerosal cans

Card Set Information

Author:
AnnaIsCool
ID:
56084
Filename:
Health drugs & booze
Updated:
2010-12-15 03:15:02
Tags:
health
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Description:
booze, marijuana, and other drugs
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