Health drugs & booze
Card Set Information
Health drugs & booze
booze, marijuana, and other drugs
1. Cerebral cortex
4. Central nervous system
Act without thinking.
Coordinating everyday movement
Loss of balance
Central Nervous System
Sending signals through the body
Alcohol- short-term eyes
hard to adjust to light
harder to absorb calcium
What effects drunk level?
food (slows it down)
amount & rate of intake
medication has different or greater effect when taken with alcohol.
Alcohol effects what in nervous system?
Alcohol- short-term brain
Less able to control body
Impaired movement, speech, & vision.
Alcohol- short-term memory
Thought processes disorganized.
Memory & concentration dulled
Alcohol- short-term judgement
Alcohol- short-term heart
With a little, heart increases. With more, decreases (depressant).
Irregular heart rate.
Alcohol- short-term blood vessels
Expand, causing increased surface area.
Alcohol effects what in cardiovascular system?
Alcohol effects what in digestive system?
Alcohol effects what in respiratory system?
Alcohol- short-term stomach
Increase stomach acid
Nausea & vomiting
Alcohol- short-term liver
Releases toxic chemicals as it metabolizes alcohol.
Inflammation & scarring
Alcohol- short-term kidneys
Alcohol- short-term lungs
Exhales CO2 from liver
Alcohol- short-term breathing
Effects nerves, so with a lot, breathing may become slow, irregular, or stop.
Alcohol and drug interactions
Slow absorbtion-increase side effects
Increase metabolism-borken down faster, less effective
Metabolism can change medications into chemicals that damage organs.
Drinking to get drunk; 5 or more beers in one sitting.
Sever and potentially fatal physical reaction to alcohol overdose.
How much alcohol is oxidized per hour?
3-7x more than tobacco
Stuck, don't want to do anything. No motivation.
Marijuana harvested from
Marijuana high from
Alcohol long-term brain
loss of functions (verbal, memory, vision)
damage (reduced size & cell)
Alcohol long-term cardiovascular
high blood pressure
Alcohol long-term liver
Fatty liver- fat builds, can't be broken down, blocks blood & kills liver cells.
Cirrhosis- liver tissue replaced by useless scar tissue
Alcohol long-term digestive
Alcohol long-term pancreas
Lining swells and blocks passage from pancreas to small intestine. digestive chemicals can't escape & destroy it.
Fetal alcohol syndrome
alcohol-related birth defect.
slow growth and learning
addicted to alcohol
physical or physchological addiction to alcohol.
process of learning to live an alcohol-free life.
living without alcohol.
Alcohol is _____, not __________ (Stomach)
absorbed, not digested
Blood alcohol level
measures amount of alcohol in the blood.
What level dpoes breathing stop?
Middle stage alcoholism
drinks in morning
drinks at work/school
doesn't keep promises
lives to drink
liquor more important than family/friends/job
Chemicals that affect the chemical nervous system and alter activity in the brain.
drugs that speed up the central nervous system
Drugs that slow down the central nervous system
specific drugs derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription.
drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell, and touch.
synthetic substances meant to imitate the effects of hallucinogens and other dangerous drugs.
can be 100 times more powerful (ecstacy)
household cleaners/products that are inhaled