Unit 6- Lesson 12.1 & 12.2

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Unit 6- Lesson 12.1 & 12.2
2010-12-15 11:06:25
French Final

Indirect Object Pronouns & Regular & Irregular -re verbs
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  1. Indirect Object Pronouns:

    an indirect object pronoun expresses to whom or for whom an action is done.
    • Gisèle parle à sa mère.
    • -- Gisèle speaks to her mother.
  2. Singular- me, te, lui
    Plural- nous, vous, leur
    • Gisèle parle à sa mère. --- Gisèle lui parle.
    • -- Gisèle speaks to her mother. --- Gisèle
    • speaks to her.
    • J'envoie des cadeaux à mes nièces. --- Je leur
    • envoie des cadeaux.
    • -- I send gifts to my nieces. --- I send them gifts.
  3. The indirect object pronoun usually precedes the conjugated verb.
    • Antoine, je te parle.
    • -- Antoine, I'm speaking to you.
  4. In a negative statement, place the indirect object pronoun between ne and the conjugated verb.
    • Antoine, je ne te parle pas de ça.
    • -- Antoine, I'm not speaking to you about that.
  5. When an infinitive follows a conjugated verb, the indirect object pronoun precedes the infinitive.
    • Nous allons lui donner la cravate.
    • -- We're going to give him the tie.
  6. Verbs used with indirect object pronouns:

    demander à-- to ask, to request
    donner à-- to give to
    envoyer à-- to send to
    montrer à-- to show to
    parler à-- to speak to
    poser une question à-- to pose/ask a question (to)
    prêter à-- to lend to
    téléphoner à-- to phone, to call
  7. The indirect object pronouns me and te become m'
    and t' before a verb beginning with a vowel sound.
    • Ton petit ami t'envoie des e-mails.
    • -- Your boyfriend sends you e-mails.
  8. Regular and irregular -re verbs:

    many -re verbs, such as attendre (to wait), follow a regular pattern of conjugation.
    • j'attends
    • tu attends
    • il/elle attend

    • nous attendons
    • vous attendez
    • ils/elles attendent
  9. Other regular -re verbs:

    descendre-- to go down; to take down
    entendre-- to hear
    perdre (son temps)-- to lose (one's time)
    rendre à-- to give back, to return (to)
    rendre visite à-- to visit someone
    répondre (à)-- to respond, to answer (to)
    vendre-- to sell
  10. The verb attendre means to wait or to wait for.
    Unlike English is does not require a preposition.
    • Marc attend le bus.
    • -- Mark is waiting for the bus.
  11. To form the past participle of regular -re verbs, drop the -re from the infinitive and add -u.
    • Les étudiants ont vendu leurs livres.
    • -- The students sold their books.
  12. Rendre visite à means to visit a person, while visiter means to visit a place.
    • Tu rends visite à ta grand-mère le lundi.
    • -- You visit your grandmother on Mondays.
    • Cécile va visiter le musée aujourd'hui.
    • -- Cécile is going to visit the museum today.
  13. Irregular -re verbs:

    conduire-- to drive
    mettre-- to put (on)
    rire-- to laugh
    • je conduis, mets, ris
    • tu conduis, mets, ris
    • il/elle conduit, met, rit
  14. nous conduisons, mettons, rions
    • vous conduisez, mettez, riez
    • ils/elles conduisent, mettent, rient
  15. Other irregular -re verbs:

    Like conduire:
    construire-- to build, to construct
    détruire-- to destroy
    produire-- to produce
    réduire-- to reduce
    traduire-- to transalte

    Like mettre:
    permettre-- to allow
    promettre-- to promise

    Like rire:
    sourire-- to smile
    • The past participle of the verb mettre is mis.
    • Verbs derived from mettre (permettre,
    • promettre) follow the same pattern: permis, promis.
    • The past participle of conduire is conduit.
    • Verbs like it follow the same pattern: construire--construit, détruire--détruit, produire--produit, réduire--réduit, traduire--traduit.
    • The past participle of rire is ri.
    • The past participle of sourire is souri.