Civics Final Study Guide

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wennifer08
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Civics Final Study Guide
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2010-12-15 01:31:57
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Civics Final Study Guide
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  1. What is the government in which power is held by the people and exercised either directly or through representation, usually determined by elections?
    Democracy
  2. What is the term for the power of government to make decisions for itself within its own territory or jurisdiction with the freedom from foreign control?
    Sovereignty
  3. What is the term that describes the right of an arrested person to be brought before a judge who determines whether his/her imprisonment is legal?
    Corpus Act
  4. What was the name for the plan for the pilgrim colony, also considered America’s first written constitution?
    Mayflower Compact
  5. Who were the first people to develop democracy?
    Greeks in Athens, Greece
  6. At the time of the American Revolution, what elements of government fif the colonies have?
    Bill of Rights
  7. Who was the delegate chosen to write the Declaration of Independence?
    Thomas Jefferson
  8. The Intolerable Acts were imposed on the colonies after what action?
    Boston Tea Party (BTP)
  9. What was the main problem with the Articles of Confederation?
    Gave too much power to the states
  10. What is the system of government in which the power is shared between the central government and state governments?
    Federal
  11. What is the change or addition to a document or plan, such as the Constitution?
    Amendment
  12. Who were the opponents of the central government, as defined in the Constitution?
    Anti-federalists
  13. According to the Constitution, who elects the president of the United States?
    Electoral college
  14. The federalist papers sought to do what?
    Ratify the constitution
  15. Some South American leader in the 1790’s agrees to ratify the constitution only if _____
    The bill of rights were added
  16. Under the Fifth Amendment, a person accused of crime can do what?
    Cannot self incriminate or double jeopardy (cannot be tried for the same again)
  17. What is a proposed law presented for approval to a legislative body?
    A bill
  18. Who is the president of the senate?
    The Vice president
  19. What is the term for the authority of a court to review the judgment of a lower court
    Appeals the court
  20. Who had the final say about what the constitution means?
    The Supreme Court
  21. If the president and the vice president are unable to serve because of death or sickness, the ______ takes over until the new elections are held.
    Speaker of the house
  22. Which is the term that describes that which is composed of two legislative chambers?
    Bicameral
  23. What is the title for a senator who presides over the U.S. senate in the absence of the vice president?
    President protempore
  24. What is the term for the right of a president to keep information secret from congress in order to protect the nation’s security?
    Executive privilege
  25. What is the manner in which a judge applies the law based on the belief that the court can create a new policy?
    Judicial activism
  26. What is the name of specific punishments for specific crimes?
    Mandatory sentence
  27. What does the elastic clause in the constitution allow congress to do?
    Anything to carry out its duties
  28. The term of the presidency is ______.
    4 years
  29. Making foreign policy is an example of the President’s role as _____.
    Commander in Chief
  30. The congress is divided into two chambers that share and provide a system of _____
    Checks and balances
  31. Who is the member of the majority party elected to lead the U.S. House of Representatives?
    Speaker of the House
  32. When there is power to overturn laws that are in conflict with the Constitution, this is called what?
    Judicial review
  33. Marbury vs. Madison established what?
    Power of judicial review
  34. What do senators do?
    Write and pass laws, approve presidential appointees (ie. cabinet members, justices of the Supreme Court). They vote on things with the rest of the senate and they propose amendments to bills to improve them for the better.
  35. What does the House of Representatives do?
    The major power of the House is to pass federal legislation that affects the entire country, although its bills must also be passed by the Senate and further agreed to by the President before becoming law. They also have the power to initiate revenue bills (money-making bills), to impeach officials (remove them from office), and to elect the President in case of an Electoral College deadlock.
  36. The Constitution empowers ______to reach the verdict in an impeachment trial?
    Senators
  37. A Supreme Court decision can be overturned by?
    Constitutional amendment
  38. The founders of the nation set up a system based on ______, in which power is divided and balanced between the national and state governments.
    Federalism
  39. What are the rules under which legislatures hold meetings?
    Parliamentary procedure
  40. Federalism: A way of organizing a nation so that two or more levels of government have authority over the same land and people.
  41. What fact about the American government reflects the above definition of federalism?
    Citizens have to follow all laws, state and federal
  42. In the United States, what occurs when the state and national laws are in conflict?
  43. What is the largest division of local government within a state?
    County
  44. Who is the head of government for a city, town or municipality?
    Mayor

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