Unit 7- Lesson 13.1 & 13.2

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  1. Passé Composé with être:

    to form the passé composé of these verbs, use a present-tense form of être and the past participle of the verb that expresses the action.
    Je suis allé.

    Il est sorti.
  2. Many of the verbs that take être in the passé composé involve motion.

    Aller, arriver, descendre, partir, passer, rentrer, sortir, and tomber.
    • Jean-Luc est parti en vacances.
    • -- Jean-Luc left on vacation.
  3. The past participles of verbs conjugated with être agree with their subjects in number and gender.
    • Mes frères sont rentrés.
    • -- My brothers came back.

    • Elles sont arrivées hier soir.
    • -- They arrived last night.
  4. To make a verb negative in the passé composé, place ne/n' and pas around the auxiliary verb, in this case, être.
    • Nous ne sommes pas allées à la plage.
    • -- We didn't go to the beach.
  5. More verbs that take être instead of avoir in the passé composé:

    entrer-- to enter
    monter-- to go up, to get in/on
    mourir-- to die
    naître-- to be born
    rester-- to stay
    retourner-- to return
    • Mes parents sont nés en 1958 à Paris.
    • -- My parents were born in 1958 in Paris.
  6. The verb passer takes être when it means to pass by, but it takes avoir when when it means to spend time with.
    • Maryse est passée par la douane.
    • -- Maryse passed through customs.
    • Maryse a passé trois jours à la campagne.
    • -- Maryse spent three days in the country.
  7. To form a question in the passé composé, inverts the subject pronoun and the conjugated form of être.
    • Est-elle restée à l'hôtel Aquabella?
    • -- Did she stay at the Hotel Aquabella?
  8. Place short adverbs such as déjà, encore, bien, mal, and beaucoup between the auxiliary verb être or pas and the past participle.
    • Elle est déjà rentrée de vacances?
    • -- She already came back from vacation?

    • Nous ne sommes pas encore arrivés à Aix-en-Provence.
    • -- We haven't arrived in Aix-en-Provence yet.
  9. All être verbs:

    monter-- to go up, to get in/on
    rester-- to stay
    sortir-- to go out, to leave
    venir-- to come
    aller-- to go
    naitre-- to be born
    descendre-- to do down
    entrer-- to enter
    retourner-- to return
    tomber-- to fall
    rentrer-- to return
    arriver-- to arive
    mourir-- to die
    partir-- to leave
    (passer)-- to pass by
  10. Direct Object Pronouns:

    a direct object pronoun receives the action of a verb directly and an indirect object pronoun receives the action of a verb indirectly. While indirect objects are frequently preceded by the preposition à, no preposition is needed before the direct object.
    • J'emmène mes parents.
    • -- I'm taking my parents.


    • Je parle à mes parents.
    • -- I'm speaking to my parents.
  11. (singular)
    me/m'-- me
    te/t'-- you
    le/la/l'-- him/her/it

    nous-- us
    vous-- you
    les-- them
  12. You can use a direct object pronoun in the place of a direct object noun.
    • Tu fais les valises? --- Tu les fais?
    • -- Are you packing the suitcases? --- Are you packing them?
  13. Place a direct object pronoun before the conjugated verb.
    • Les étudiants vous ont entendu.
    • -- The students heard you.
    • Les langues? Laurent et Xavier les étudient.
    • -- Languages? Laurent and Xavier study them.
  14. In a negative statement, place the direct object pronoun between ne/n' and the conjugated verb.
    • Le chinois? Je ne le parle pas.
    • -- Chinese? I don't speak it.
    • Ell ne l'a pas pris à 14 heures?
    • -- She didn't take it at 2 o'clock?
  15. When an infinitive follows a conjugated verb, the direct object pronoun precedes the infinitive.
    • Marcel va nous écouter.
    • -- Marcel is going to listen to us.
  16. When a direct object pronoun is used with the passé composé, the past participle must agree with it in both gender and number.
    • J'ai mis la valise dans la voiture ce matin. --- Je l'ai mise dans la voiture ce matin.
    • -- I put the suitcase in the car this morning. --- I put it in the car this morning.

Card Set Information

Unit 7- Lesson 13.1 & 13.2
2010-12-16 00:49:38
French Final

The Passé Composé with être & Direct Object Pronouns
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