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The disciplinary field in which ethic is studied is:
Ethic the study of morality and is one of the three major areas of philosophy
What is the code of ethic for public health?
The mandate to ensure and protect the health of the public.
What are the three major areas of field of philosophy?
- Ethics (Morals and ethics are not the same)
- Metaphysics ( study of nature of reality)
- Epistemology (study of knowledge and its aquisition)
What is morality?
Sense of behavioral conduct that differentiates intentions decisions and actions between those that are good or bad.
What is ethics?
This field of philosophy adresses questions about morality such as good and evil ...
Ethic is defined as:
- Judgment on what is right or wrong, or if it is relative and it could change.
- It is the judgments made by human characters and study of making right choices.
What is philosophical reason for acting ethically?
Because acting ethically brings meaning or purpose to the life of an individual. It provides a standard by which to live. If people didn't act ethically there would be cheaos.
What are the health related reasons for people to act ethically?
It has been said that ethical people tend to be healthier. Also these people tend to have a healthier physical , psychological and more emotionally satisfiying lives.
What are the stages of Marlow hierachy of needs?
- Self actualization ( Morality,creativity, problem solving)
- Esteem ( confidance, achievement, respect for others)
- Love ( friendships, family and sexual intimacy)
- Safety ( security of job, resources)
- Physicological ( breathing, food , water , sex)
In the Marlows Hierarchy of need at what stage morality occurs?
How can we relate ethics to our professions?
- We are expected to follow the ethical code of conduct
- Teaching ( Be fair)
- Research ( Rigor = no flexability in opinion)
What are the Articles constituting the code of ethics for health education professions?
What are the five basic moral common ground?
- Goodness ( rightness)
- Justice ( fairness)
- Truth ( honesty)
- Individual freedom
What is the meaning of value of life?
Human beings shoud revere ( honor) life and accept death
What does it mean by rightness?
- We sould always aim for righteonessnes , self rightenouss people are stuck up with is not good, however , rightneoussness by itself is good.
- Rightiousness means when peoples's actions are justified and they have a life that is pleasing god.
What is the principle that is related to goodness?
- Non.maleficience = above all do no harm
- Beneficience= do good
- as these say it is more important to reduce the harm then to maximize collective goods
What does it mean to have justice? Be fair?
Humans should treat everyone fairly ( access to resources) in distributing goodness and badness among them.
What does it mean to be truthful?
Being able to be yourself and the heart of it is communication which is a necessary componet of telling the truth.
What is mean by individual freedom?
It means that people must have freedom to choose their own waus and means of being moral, however individual freedom is limited by ( values, goodness, justice, truth)
Individual freedom is the principle of :
What are the key public health code of ethic underlying values and beliefes?
- People are interdependence
- Interdependence are the essence of community
What are the Underlying values and beliefe is the public health code of ethics?
- humans have the right to the resources necessary for health
- Humans are socially interdependent
- the effectiveness of the institution depends on public trust
- collaboration is the key element
- Physical environment interdependence
- opportunity to contribute
- Id and promote fundemental requirements for health
- -Bases for action
- Science is the base for knowledge
- Acting on the bases of what they know
- Action is based on the information
When did the Taskegee study started and how long did it last for?
1932 and lasted for 40 years, it was initially going to be a 4-6 month study
What year did the Atomic Energy commission Radiation Experiment took place?
What year did the Belmont report come out?
The year of Taskegee Syphilis Study Legacy Committee request was:
Who created the Belmont report ?
The national commission for the protection of human subjects of biomedical and behavioral research
What does belmont report include?
It includes ethical primciples and guidlines for the protection of human subject
How belmont report got its name?
This report is named after the confrance center at the smithsonian instutution where it was held at.
What are the basic ethical principles of the report?
- Respect for others
What does respect for others include?
It states that individuals must be treated as autonomous agents and people with diminished autonomy are entitled protection.
What does informed consent entail and what basic ethical principle it falls under?
- Information ( purpose, risks and benefits, imminent harm)
- Voluntariness ( free of force, can withdraw anytime)
- this falls under respect for others
What are the two general rules forming beneficiance?
- Do no harm
- Maximize possible benefits and reduce harm
What is the point of justice?
There should be equity in the distribution of research benefits and burdens.
What were the agencies involved in Taskegee study?
- State and local health departments
- Taskegee institute
- Experts in the field of venereal disease
- Local doctors and nurses
- US military
How Taskegee study violated Ethical principles?
- No informed consent ( respect for others)
- Sussiptibility to kindness( indue influence, Voluntaries)
- Did not minimize the risk ( beneficiance)
- Used disadvantaged black ( justice)
What are the implications of HIV risk reduction in black community:
- Failure of public health professionals to discuss Taskegee experiment helps maintain a barrier. ( Taskegee Undermines trust and Justifies HIV conspiracy)
- Contribution to fears of genocide
- Trail of distrust and suspicion
What draw Dr. Green to the field of public health education?
The Multiplier Effect
What excited Dr. Green about research?
- Conducting research has the potential to affect larger segment of the population
- Opportunity to synthesize knowledge from different disciplines
- Participatory dimensions
What did Dr. Green mean by Rotational cycle?
He worked for the GVPT and he thought at universities, He was able to do that since his parents moved and he was accustomed to moving and overcame fears about it. So basically means to move from something to something else without having fears on doing it.
What were Dr. Green's thoughts on mentoring?
He thought that mentoring should go through one's career constructive thoughts and feedback from trusted friends and colleagues can be great value. Also provide an opportunity where they can pursue their best ideas and wait for them to come and ask questions. The number one responsibility of mentor is to provide learning experiance opportunities. so it is better to provide opportunities than pushing students into one thing after another.
What are the elements of becoming a good researcher?
- Good Novice researcher
- Team developer
Who would he spend one night if he was give the opportunity?