Card Set Information
The north polar axis always points toward the ______
An equinox occurs when the most direct rays of the sun are striking the earth at the ________
The layer of gases that surrounds the earth is the __________
The position of a place in relation to other places is _________ ________
The time when the Earth's axis points at its greatest angle toward or away from the sun is called a ________
All the water found in the oceans, on the land, and in the atmosphere is called the_________
The rocky surface of the planet that forms continents and the ocean floor is the _________
Winds that blow in fairly constant patterns
The prevailing winds in the low latitudes
Moisture that falls to the earth
A elevation increases.....
Plains along the coasts of continents
Plains located away form the coasts of continents
A group of islands
The prevailing winds in the belts between 30 degrees N and 60 degrees N latitude and between 30 degrees S and 60 degrees S latitude
A frequently windless area
The dry area on the leeward side of a mountain
The process by which water is changed from a liquid to a gas
Height aboce sea level
The amount of water vapor in the air
The doldrums are regions along the equator that are subject to
No prevailing winds
Most of the sun's energy is absorbed by
Air can hold more water vapor when it is
Most winds in the US carry weather patterns and storms from....
West to East
Distance north and southe of the equator is measured in degrees of
Another name for 0 degrees longitude is
When it is 12 noon where you are, it is 11 AM on time zone to the
A map that shows national borders, state and provincial boundaries, capitals, and major cities is a
When it is spring in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Northern Hemisphere it is
How does the elevation of a place influence its climate
The higher the elevation the colder the climate is. the lowere the elevation the warmer the climate is
What is permafrost and where is it found?
Permafrost is the freezing wather below the tundra
Five causes of rock weathering:
-Chemicals in the water and air
-When water passes through and freezes (ice)
-Tree roots can pry a rock apart
A trench is...
A long valley on the ocean floor
A large, flat area on the ocean's floor is called
An abyssal plain
Elevation is measured from
A graph that shows both temperature and rainfall is called a
Low-latitude areas near the equator
Climate that is a transition area between arid deserts and more humid climates
Melted liquid rock under the earth's surface
The revolution of the earth around the sun causes...
Aquifers store and release..
Large mountains, such as the Andes in South America, are created when two of the earth's plates...
Secondary landforms are created by
Distance north and south of the equator is measured in degrees of...
Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian is measured in degrees of...
A map that shows how the land looks is called a....
A land-use map is an example of a...
Special purpose map
Direction, distance, shape, and size can all be shown correctly at the same time only on a...
A low region surrounded by higher land
A large stream of water that flows into a larger body of water
A natural elevation smaller than a mountain
A body of water that is completely surrounded by land
Lines of latitude are called
0 degrees latitude is called the...
Lines of longitude are called...
What is used on a map to measure distance?
A spherical map of the earth is called a...
A forest that looses its leaves during a certain season each year
Five basic biomes of the world:
What are the barren regions?
Polar regions with no life
A new idea that is accepted into a culture..
A process by which an innovation or another culture trait spreads from one culture to another
Process by which one culture changes a great deal through its meeting with another culture
Raising animals and planting crops
Feeling pride and loyalty for one's country
A movement that stresses the strict following of basic traditional principles
A government in which a few people control the gov't decisions
Industrialization led to an increase in
Most of the food grown in the US is grown by...
Four stages of land use:
Hunting and Gathering
Five causes of conflicts between cultures:
A limit on the amount of a particular good that can be imported
Someone who moves into a country
Someone who moves out of a country
Type of economy in which consumers determine what is bought or sold..
Type of economy in which the gov't determines what is produced..
The study of statistical characteristics of the human population
Japan, Canada, and Great Britain are all examples of...
A poor country can improve its economy if it...
Has abundant natural resources and invests in education and infrastructure
A country's GDP measures the value of...
All goods and services produced within a country
The clearing of forests
Energy sources formed from remains of prehistoric animals
The removal of salt from seawater
Oil, coal, and uranium are all example of...
Soil salinization can be caused by...
The ozone layer protects life beneath it by...
Filtering out ultraviolet radiation
The greenhouse effect might be caused in part by....
What are four renewable sources of energy?
Hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, sun, wind power
What causes acid rain?
Acids released by industrial smoke stacks combine with water vapor in the atmosphere
A landform region of high and rugged mountain ranges in the western US
Landform region that has a rolling plateau at the foot of a mountain range
Landform region of low, smooth mountains in the eastern US
Landform region along the western edge of the US
The warm ocean current that moves tropical water northward
A land area near the ocean
Steep mountains, deep canyons, and high plateaus are common throughout the...
The coastal plain extends along the...
What climate can not be found in the US?
The densest settlement of the early years of the US was along....
The Eastern seaboard
One-third of the land in the US is..
An administrative unit of the city..
One source of future economic growth in New England will be...
A high technology industry
Key natural resource of the Middle Atlantic states..
The growth of most cities in the Megalopolis was originally due to..
A coastal location
A series of waterfalls and rapids formed where hard rock meets softer rock
Four benifits that the Southern US recieve from rivers:
Mean of transportation
Floods are a source of fertile new soil
Two traditional crops of the Southern US
Cotton and Tobacco
The largest city in Georgia
The largest city and center of oil production
Port city located near the mouth of the Mississippi River
Rapidly growing bilingual city in South Central Texas
Major City on the Southeastern coast of Florida
A small, sluggish stream in a swamp
A long, narrow sandy island
A ridge of earth along a river bank that stops flooding
To produce of a variety of goods
A part of a waterway enclosed by gates, and used to raise or lower boats
The great lakes
Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Ontario, Lake Huron, Lake Erie
Three main tributaries of the Mississippi River
Farmers keep soil productive in several ways
Crop rotation and fertilizers
A new crop grown in the corn belt
Problems have recently confronted dairy farms due to several factors
Changing American diet
What factor has not hurt industry in the Midwest?
Attempts at redevelopment
A regional issue for the Midwest..
The crust of the rocky mountains that divides the major river systems of North America
The elevation above which trees cannot grow
What state contains crater lake?
What is Alaska's important natural resource?
Original settlers of Hawaii?
A large depression formed after a major eruption and collapse of a volcanic mountain
Two of the most important resources in Washington and Oregon
Fish and forests
First to inhabit Alaska?
The area where the inuit live
important raw material used in manufacturing fertalizers
one of the worlds best fishing grounds
what province has the strongest influence from the french
that mountain range is in the western part of canada
the rocky mountain range that connects the costal plains and the alaska mountains
what is the major crop of the prairie provinces
semicircle band of rocky uplandsand plateaus around the hudson bay
rise in sotheastern quebec and in the maritime province