Unit 7- Lesson 14.1 & 14.2

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MakBabyXoxo
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56286
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Unit 7- Lesson 14.1 & 14.2
Updated:
2010-12-15 15:25:10
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French Final
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Regular -ir verbs & the Impératif
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  1. Regular -ir verbs:

    finir (to finish)

    je finis
    tu finis
    il/elle finit

    nous finissons
    vous finissez
    ils/elles finissent
    • Je finis me devoirs.
    • -- I finish my homework.
  2. Other regular -ir verbs:

    choisir-- to choose
    grossir-- to gain weight
    maigrir-- to lose weight
    réfléchir (à)-- to think (about), to reflect (on)
    réussir (à)-- to succeed in doing something
    • Marc grossit pendant les vacances.
    • -- Marc gains weight during vacation.
  3. To form the past participle of regular -ir verbs, drop the -r from the infinitive.
    • M. Leroy a beaucoup maigri.
    • -- M. Leroy lost a lot of weight.
  4. Impératif:

    the impératif id the form of a verb that is used to give commands or to offer directions, hints, and suggestions. With command form you do not use subject pronouns.
  5. Form the tu command of -er verbs by dropping the -s from the present tense form. Note that aller also follows this form.
    • Réserve deux chambres.
    • -- Reserve two rooms.
    • Ne travaille pas.
    • -- Don't work.
  6. The nous and vous command forms of -er verbs are the same as the present form.
    • Nettoyez votre chambre.
    • -- Clean your room.
    • Mangeons au restaurant ce soir.
    • -- Let's eat at the restaurant tonight.
  7. For -ir verbs, and most irregular verbs, the command forms are identical to the present tense forms.
    • Finis la salade.
    • -- Finish the salad.
    • Attendez dix minutes.
    • -- Wait ten minutes.
    • Faisons du yoga.
    • -- Let's do some yoga.
  8. The impératif of avoir and être:

    avoir
    tu-- aie
    nous-- ayons
    vous-- ayez

    être
    tu-- spois
    nous-- soyons
    vous-- soyez
    • Aie confiance.
    • -- Have confidence.
    • Ne soyons pas en retard.
    • -- Let's not be late.
  9. An object pronoun can be added to the end of an affirmative command. Use a hyphen to separate them. Use moi and toi for the first- and second-person object pronouns.
    • Permettez-moi de vous aider.
    • -- Allow me to help you.
    • Achète le dictionaire et utilise-le.
    • -- Buy the dictionary and use it.
  10. In negative commands, place the object pronouns between ne and the verb. Use me and te for the firsr- and second-person object pronouns.
    • Ne me montre pas les réponses, s'il te plait.
    • -- Please don't show me the answers.
  11. The verbs dire, lire, and écrire:

    dire (to say) --- lire (to read) --- écrire (to write)
    je-- dis, lis, écris
    tu-- dis, lis, écris
    il/elle-- dit, lit, écrit

    nous--- disons, lisons, écrivons
    vous-- dites, lisez, écrivez
    ils/elles-- disent, lisent, écrivent
  12. The verb décrire (to describe) is conjugated like écrire.
    • Elle décrit l'accident.
    • -- She's describing the accident.
  13. The past participle of dire, écrire, and décrire, respectively, are dit, écrit, and décrit.

    The past participle of lire, is lu.
    • Ils l'ont dit.
    • -- They said it.
    • Tu l'as écrit.
    • -- You wrote it.
    • Nous l'avons lu.
    • -- We read it.

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