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A collection in the chest that keeps the lungs from fully expanding.
A shortage of red blood cells due to hemolysis.
Overgrowth of scar tissue.
A collection of blood clotting fibers that build up on the outside of a catheter lumen.
Means within the muscle.
Means within the skin.
HIGH OUTPUT CARDIAC FAILURE
Occurs when the patient's heart cannot work hard enough to pump out the extra blood sent to it by an AV fistula or graft.
A life threatening blood infection caused by bacteria that enters the bloodstream.
Fluid build up in the lungs.
Small, expanding metal rings that can be placed inside a fistual, graft, or blood vessel. They feed into it keep the lumen from narrowing.
Water that has been forced through a reverse osmosis membrane.
Formation of a Thrombus or blood clot.
A build up of fluid in the pericardium, or sac that surrounds the heart.
Occurs when a patient's immune system is impaired.
Occurs when smooth muscle cells at the venous anastomosis form extra layers of cells that fill up up the graft lumen, reducing blood flow.
ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT (UV)
A form of invisible radiation that can destroy microorganisms by changing their DNA so the can't multiply.
Means to tighten the blood vessels.
A false aneurysm.
Against the direction of blood flow.
A membrane separation process for removing solutes from a solution.
A surgery to remove a blood clot (thrombus).