Unit 8- Lesson 15.1 & 15.2

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MakBabyXoxo
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56371
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Unit 8- Lesson 15.1 & 15.2
Updated:
2010-12-15 19:48:34
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French Final
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Adverbs & the Imparfait
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  1. Adverbs:

    Adverbs describe how, when, and where actions take place. They modify verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs.
  2. To form an adverb from an adjective that ends in a consonant, take the feminine singular form and add
    -ment. This ending is equivalent to the English -ly.
    masculine singular adj. --- feminine singular adj. --- adverb

    • actif --- active --- activement (actively)
    • franc --- franche --- franchement (frankly, honestly)
    • heureux --- heureuse --- heureusement (fortunately)
    • malheureux --- malheureuse --- malheureusement (unfortunately)
  3. If the masculine singular form of an adjective ends in a vowel, just add -ment to the end.
    masculine singular adj. --- adverb

    • absolu --- absolument (absolutely)
    • vrai --- vraiment (really)
  4. To form an adverb from an adjective that ends in -ant or -ent in the masculine singular, replace the ending with -amment or -emment, respectively. Both ending are pronounced identically.
    masculine singular adj. --- adverb

    • constant --- constamment (constantly)
    • courant --- couramment (fluently)
    • différent --- différemment (differently)
    • évident --- évidemment (obviously)
  5. Some adverbs are irregular:

    masculine singular adj. --- adverb

    bon --- bien (well)
    gentil --- gentiment (nicely)
    mauvais --- mal (badly)
    • Son français est bon; il le parle bien.
    • -- His French is good; he speaks it well.
  6. Although the adverb rapidement can be formed from the adjective rapide, you can also use the adverb vite to say fast.
    • Bérénice habite déjà ici? --- Oui, elle a vite déménagé.
    • -- Is Bérénice already living here? --- Yes, she moved fast.
  7. Adverbs of frequency:

    De temps en temps (from time to time), en général (in general), and quelquefois (sometimes)
    • Elle visite la capitale de temps en temps.
    • -- She visits the capital from time to time.
    • En général, les Parisiens n'ont pas de garage.
    • -- In general, Parisians don't have a garage.
  8. Place an adverb that modifies an adjective or another adverb before the word it modifies.
    • La pièce est assez grande.
    • -- The room is pretty large.
    • Ils font très vite les rénovations.
    • -- They're remodeling very quickly.
  9. Place an adverb that modifies a verb immediately after the verb.
    • Elle parle bien le français?
    • -- Does she speak French well?
  10. In the passé composé, place short adverbs before the past participle.
    • Ils ont vite emménage.
    • -- They moved in quickly.

    but

    • Ils ont gagné facilement.
    • -- They won easily.
  11. The Imparfait:

    The imparfait can be translated several ways into English.
    • Hakim déménageait souvent quand il était petit.
    • -- Hakim moved often when he was little.
    • -- Hakim used to move often when he was little.
    • -- Hakim was moving often when he was little.
  12. The imparfait is used to talk about actions that took place repeatedly or habitually during an unspecified period of time.
    • Je passais l'hiver à Lausanne.
    • -- I was spending the winters in Lausanne.
  13. The imparfait is a simple tense, which means that it does not require an auxiliary verb. To form the imparfait, drop the -ons ending from the nous form of the present tense and replace it with these endings.
    parler (parlons), finir (finissons), vendre (vendons), boire (buvons)

    • je-- parlais, finissais, vendais, buvais
    • tu-- parlais, finissais, vendais, buvais
    • il/elle-- parlait, finissait, vendait, buvait

    • nous-- parlions, finissions, vendions, buvions
    • vous-- parliez, finissiez, vendiez, buviez
    • ils/elles-- parlaient, finissaient, vendaient, buvaient
  14. Verbs whose infinitives end in -ger add an e before all endings of the imparfait except in the nous and vous forms. Verbs whose infinitives end in -cer change c to ç before all endings except in the nous and vous forms.
    • tu déménageais but nous déménagions
    • les invités commençaient but vous commenciez
  15. Note that the nous and vous forms of infinitives ending in -ier contain a double i in the imparfait.
    • Vous skiiez dans les Alpes en janvier.
    • -- You used to ski in the Alps in January.
  16. The imparfait is used for the description, often with the verb être, which is irregular in this tense.
    • j'-- étais
    • tu-- étais
    • il/elle-- était

    • nous-- étions
    • vous-- étiez
    • ils/elles-- étaient
  17. Note the imperfect forms of these expressions:
    • Il pleuvait chaque matin.
    • -- It rained each morning.
    • Il neigeait parfois au printemps.
    • -- It snowed sometimes in the spring.
    • Il y avait deux lits et une lampe.
    • -- There were two beds and a lamp.
    • Il fallait payer le loyer.
    • -- It was necessary to pay rent.

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