US History

Card Set Information

Author:
dustin_thompson
ID:
56373
Filename:
US History
Updated:
2010-12-16 00:55:55
Tags:
US History
Folders:

Description:
US History
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user dustin_thompson on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Old Rich v. New Rich
    • "Old Rich" - inherited wealth. Victorian houses. Obsession with detail. Ornamentation. French chef. Exotic fruits/nuts. French wine. Reject American "vulgar" "ordinary" things
    • "Society" Group of wealthy. all white. inherited money. Families. Parties. Philanthropy. Europe.
  2. First Wave Immigration
    • Coloinial
    • England, German, Scottland
  3. US 1790 - 1840
    • Transplanted England. Ex: judicial rulings still cited Engl laws. Education.
    • 48% English
    • 20% African
    • 14% Scots, Irish
    • 7% German
    • 3% Dutch
  4. 2nd Wave Immigration
    • 40s 1,700,000 Irish dominant
    • 50s 2,100,000 German dominant
    • 1840s Ireland horrible contions: forced migration. Potato Blight. Now racial tention Irish/Blakcs 4 jobs
    • 1850s Germany good. Agriculteralits to midwest. Skilled to cities. 60% Catholic.
    • Sig: racial tension. Catholic rise.
  5. 3rd Wave Immigration
    • 1880-1914
    • S+E Europe
    • Catholic+Jewish
    • Coming to get jobs. Diversifies cities
    • Leads to 1924 restrictions on immigration
  6. 4th Wave Immigration
    • 1970+
    • Quota system ends
    • Mexico, Asia
  7. Why did the Irish have trouble in US? How did they adjust? Why did they become Irish-Americans?
    • Forced immigration. longing for home
    • Saloons. drinking. Racial tensions. Black racism because of job competition.
    • Irish-American (2nd generation) didnt feel totally Irish or American. Pluralism set tone as model for other groups
  8. Immigrants in politics
    Irish street gangs, tavern gangs. saloon keepers very powerful. Loyal to Democratic party. Dont agree with slave-freedom. Participated Civil war but not for freedom.
  9. Nativism
    • Know Nothings 1854 - secretive. controlled native votes. failed.
    • American Protective Association 1890s - that congress would restrict immigration
    • WWI hysteria: anti-German
    • KKK 1920s - "100% Americans"
    • John Birch Society 1950s - Anti-foreign/communist
    • George Wallace 1968 - Americanism.
  10. Depression of 1893
    • Industrial depression
    • first railroads, then NY stock market, banks
    • Unemployment 2.5-4 mil
    • Grover Cleveland inherits
    • Silver issue huge
    • Left office a failure
    • Republicans gain power
  11. Populism Goals
    • Farmer's Alliance goals main stay
    • Graduated income tax v. tarrif
    • expanded $ supply
    • gov railroads/telegraph, gov storage, gov low interest loans
    • 8 hr day. no Pikerton armies v strikers. immigration restrictions. Radical reform in age of depression
  12. Populism: Why it failed
    • Inexperience
    • Southern extremist intimidation/fraud
    • No working, urban, CAtholic support
    • Only world-market farmers
    • Race tension/division
    • Silver issue overshadowed it
    • Sucked into Democratic Bryan candidate
  13. 1896-1930s Republican dominance
    started with William Mckinley
  14. Progressives
    • stronger government
    • Gov to regulate economy and social life
    • Return gov to the people (regulate economy. limit corporations. Make gov more economical/efficient)
  15. State Reformers Progressivism
    • 1904 Robert LaFollette: Wisconsin Gov. "Wisconsin idea" - replace corrupt party conventions with primaries.
    • William U'Ren - Oregon gov. Women max work hrs. Power to voters - initiatives/recalls
    • Hiram Johnson -"Kick Southern Pacific out of Politics"
  16. Teddy Roosevelt
    • 1901-1909
    • Assertive, strong personality
    • Strong FEd gov
    • Gov broker between labor and management
    • 1902 - threatened Federal troops on Mine owners during strike
    • Progressive
  17. William Howard Taft
    • 1908
    • Anti-trust legislation
    • Does his own thing. breaks from Teddy and R's
    • Tariff focus alienated him. fail.
  18. Progressive Party
    • 1912
    • Nominee: Teddy Roosevelt
    • Child labor; min wage for women; Women's suffrage; National health insurance
    • showed strong public support for progressivism
  19. Woodrow Wilson
    • 1912
    • Democrats
    • Income tax 1913 16th ammendmen
    • Federal Trade Commission 1914 - investigate unfair trade
    • Federal Reserve System 1913
    • Clayton Anti-trust Act 1914 - Standard Oil broken up.
  20. 16th ammendment
    • 1913
    • Income tax
  21. Economics 1865-1900
    • Depression till end of 1870s
    • 1893-99 – Major depression
    • Monopolies (ex: railroad)
    • Bankruptcy
    • Farms hurting.
  22. Politics 1865-1900
    • Corrupt
    • ex: grant land to railroad people and get a free pass for life
  23. 1884 Cleveland election
    dirtiest campaign in US history. tear down tactics on both sides
  24. 1870s Greenback Party
    • reissue paper money again
    • increase inflation
    • make loans easier
    • failed to draw votes
  25. 3rd Parties 1870-1890s
    • 70s Greenback Party
    • 80s Grange - Lobbying group. gets some Greenback legislation but ultimately fails
    • 80s Prohibition Party
    • 1892 People's Party (Populists)
  26. 1890s Economics
    • buy out all trusts to own whole industry. charge whatever you want.
    • Ex: JP Morgan. Banking in NY. bails out Roosevelt/gov when Roosevelt asks (teddy)
  27. Lincoln Steffens
    • Shame of the Cities
    • 1903
    • Showed so much widespread city corruption
  28. Ida Tarbell
    • History of Standard Oil Company
    • Rockefeller's lying/cheating
  29. Graham Phillip
    • Treason of Senate 1901
    • Revealed Senate corruption
    • Led to election reform
  30. Upton Sinclair
    • The Jungle
    • Canned meat in Chicago
    • Teddy calls him to whitehouse.
    • Safe Food and Drug Act FDA - regulates the safety and cleanliness of food
  31. Muckrakers
    • journalists who dig up dirt on the rich.
    • Steffens, Tarbell, Phillip etc.
  32. William U'ren
    • 1902ish
    • Oregon Governor
    • power to voters: initiatives/recall
  33. Warren Harding
    • 1921-1923 R
    • Corruption ex: bootleggers paying off administration
    • Sexual scandal
    • Sig: Disgruntled/divided R party. Reformists saw his administration as negative example.
  34. Calvin Coolidge
    • 1923-1929 R
    • VP to P when Harding dies
    • Stability
    • Kellogg-Briand Pact 1928 - "World peace" only in self defense idea
  35. Kellogg - Briand Pact 1928
    • "world peace" only in self defense idea
    • Pushed by Coolidge
  36. Herbert Hoover
    • 1929-1933 R
    • Inherited Depression
    • Small gov stand made him refuse federal aid to private relief efforts. his downfall. Republicans out...
  37. Everyday life in 1920s?
    • Higher standard of living
    • Mass culture ex: movies
    • Women in politics
    • Roaring 20s prosperity
    • ex: "Enjoy it while you pay"
    • Sig: prosperity before the crash
  38. Prohibition Why passed? How did it fail?
    • 1920 18th Ammendment
    • Supported during WWI
    • Popular support
    • Wartime prohibition 1917
    • "You must be german" if apposed to 1920 vote
    • Fail: Gangsters, alcoholism,
    • ex: Al Capon in Chicago. $105 mil a year
    • Repealed 1933
    • Sig: era's willingness for mass reform
  39. 18th Ammendment
    • 1920
    • Prohibition
    • repealed 1933
  40. 1917 German Uboats
    • Germans attacked US ships to hurt British.
    • Paris attack fails
    • US gets angry
  41. Armistice 1918
    WWI ends
  42. 1919 Paris Peace Conference
    • Wilson 1st president to leave while in office
    • becomes tradition
    • poor negotiator
    • gets League of Nations at high price with France/England
  43. 1920s Fundamentalism
    • Scopes Trial 1925 - evolution v. creation
    • KKK 20-25 - resurgense of less intense KKK. women's rights etc.
  44. The Great Depression
    • Causes:
    • Stock Market Crash Oct 1929
    • Panic in wall street
    • No gov regulation
    • Brokerage houses calling customers as values go down, sinks faster, people sell out their stock. collapse.
    • Mass unemployment.
    • High protective tariffs
    • Sig: depression after prosperity. none prepared.
  45. Unemployment 1933
    • 25%
    • No unemployment benefits
    • No social security
    • no gov welfare
  46. FDR Great Depression
    • 1933-1945
    • "New Deal"
    • first 100 days action
    • FDIC - same day bank holiday, insurance, open
    • NRA (National REcovery Act/Administration)
    • WPA - provide work. Temporary
    • PWA - infastructure. DAms. Highways.
    • CCC
    • Social Security 1935
    • NLRA 1935
  47. National Recovery Administration NRA
    • gov has power to set prices/wages like never before.
    • Tried to reboot economy
  48. Public Works Administration
    • PWA
    • huge public works. not drastic immediate effect
  49. CCC
    • 1933
    • Civilian Conservation Corps. $30 a day to send home to desperate relatives. Room/board provided. Successful
  50. Social Security
    • 1935
    • Payments for disability, aged, poor
    • unemployment system
    • Woudl go into effect 1940
  51. WPA
    put many on welfare and got many jobs, but still not all
  52. NLRA
    • 1935
    • National labor relations board
    • relationshiop between unions and management. compromise
  53. New Deal
    Sig: FDR's New Deal brings bigger gov powers, bigger responsibility ofr economic prosperity and social welfare. has some immediate results
  54. FDR Foreign affairs
    • at first isolationist
    • As time goes on, calls for direct action halted in isolationist Congress
    • 1940 - aid England, but stay out of war
    • Dfense budget increase
    • Lend-Lease Act 1941
  55. Lend-Lease Act
    • 1941
    • $7 bil to send war supplies to aid England. Roosevelt claims US to become "Arsenal of democracy"
  56. American Attitudes toward WWII
    • Yawn
    • Non-interventionalist
    • Depression/domestic problems key
    • Ex: "To hell wiht Europe and the rest of those nations" - senator
    • Ex: Neutrality Act 1935 - no US munitions sales to nations at war.
  57. WWII
    1939-1945
  58. Rhineland
    • March 1936
    • Hitler moves army to Rhineland (land w of Rhine)
    • England/France no protest
    • Sig: Hitler can do what he wants
  59. Germany Italy Japan treaty
    Nov 1936
  60. Anshcues Austria
    • March 1938
    • Annex of Austria
    • Consolidating all Germany speaking people
    • German takeover
  61. Sudetenland
    • Sept 1938
    • Czechs owned this mt territory since WWI
    • England/France appose
    • Chamberland: appeasement
    • Sig: Appeasement
  62. Czechoslovakia
    March 1939
  63. Hitler-Stalin Pact
    • Aug 23 1939
    • Secret annex treaty of Poland
  64. Germany invates Poland
    • 1939 WWII
    • England/France declare war on Germany
    • Russia invasion of E Poland
  65. Peacetime Draft
    • September 1940
    • First ever peacetime draft
    • Soldier's not out until 1945
  66. FDR's 4 freedoms
    • 1941
    • Ideas
    • Thought
    • Religion
    • Fear
  67. Atlantic Charter
    • 1941
    • Churchill and FDR
    • NO more land gain
    • Colonialism to be dealt with
  68. Pearl Harbor
    • Dec 7 1941
    • Popular support for war on Japan
    • Then Italy and Germany declare war on US
    • Sig: US enters WWII
  69. Atomic Bombs
    • 1945
    • Suddenly end war
    • US top military power
  70. Korean War
    • 1950-1953
    • Stalin backs N Korea to distract US
    • US backs S
    • sig: War that proves Cold War real
    • 1953 armistice
  71. Cold War Causes
    • Soviet agression (Pland/E Germany/Iran/Greece/Czech)
    • US aposes but too idealistic
    • Berlin
    • Stalin blockades Berlin
    • Germay main reason for War
  72. Berlin Airlift
    • 1948-49
    • Stalin blockades
    • US airlifts supplies in
    • Stalin backs down
  73. NATO
    • 1949
    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • Links US and Brittain
    • Democracies Anti Soviet
    • If one attacked, all declare war on Soviet Union
  74. The Truman Doctrine
    • 1947
    • US would supported threatened nations against Soviet attack
    • Greece/Turkey
  75. The Marshall Plan
    • 1947
    • Sec of State George C Marshall
    • Aid plan for Europe + American trade
    • Soviet backlash
  76. Harry S Truman
    • 1945-1953
    • Fair Deal
    • Extended New Deal social welfare
    • National healthcare fail
    • SS expanded
    • Soviet containment. Truan Doctrine
  77. Joseph R McCarthy
    • 1953-54
    • Extremist who's eventually silenced. Extreme anti-communist.
    • Sig: show's strong feelings present.
  78. Dwight D Eisenhower
    • 1953-1961
    • National war hero
    • Interlude rather than new beginning
    • Korean war, French in Vietnam, SE Asia Treaty Organization, Thailand against China
  79. WWII and Black Migration
    • Multi-racial army
    • Black men either all black units or black soldiers/white officers
    • Last segregated war
    • Some barriers broken down
    • ex: black veterens GI bill black middle class appears
  80. Plessy v Ferguson
    • 1896
    • "Separate but equal"
  81. Misssouri Case 1938
    • Missouri loses and must admit student to law school
    • Thurogood Marshall wittling away at sep but = doctrine
  82. Racial Covenants 1948
    court declares these unconstitutional
  83. Brown v Board of Education
    • 1953+54
    • Linda brown had to walk far for school
    • Separate but equal declared unconstitutional
  84. Earl Warren
    • 1953
    • Supreme court judge who overturned plessy v furgeson
  85. Martin Luther King Jr
    • non violence
    • Montgomery Bus boycotts
    • End of segregation
    • 1963 - Birmingham, Alabama
  86. 1963 Birmingham, Alabama
    non-violence and police brutality affect public opinion. JFK's speech to end discrimination
  87. Black Panthers
    • 1967
    • Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
    • Armed defense
    • Oakland and Berkeley
  88. Little Rock
    • 1957
    • troops escort students
  89. Stone WAll Riot
    • 1969
    • Homosexual liberation
  90. JFK
    • 1961-1963
    • Peace Corps
    • Bay of Pigs 1961
    • Cuban Missile
    • MAD theory
  91. Bay of Pigs
    • 1961
    • Failed CIA against Castro
  92. Cuban Missile Crisis
    1962
  93. LBJ
    • 1964-1969
    • "Great Society" huge expectation largely not met
    • "War on Poverty" Office of Economic Opportunity OEO largely failed
    • Medicare/Medicade 1965
  94. Civil Rights Act
    • 1964
    • Voting safeguards
    • no discim in public places or employment based on race or anything
  95. Berkely
    • 1960s
    • Protests against table banning
    • Massive sit in and strike
    • Campus overturns policies interfering
    • Free Speech Movement FSM
    • Mario Savio
  96. Mario Savio
    • spoke on berkely campus after Jack arrested. famous for standing on car
    • 1964
  97. Free Speech Movement
    FSM 1964
  98. Hippies
    • 1967
    • CA - baby boomers
    • Acid Rock LSD music
    • Sex
    • Rock
    • Free concerts
    • LSD
  99. Vietnam War
    • 1961-1968
    • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution - promised containment but did much more
    • Aug 1964 supposed attacks on US ships. LBJ ups US involvement with huge congressional support
    • Tet Offenseive 1968 -Public support down. LBJ's retirement
    • My Lai Massacre 1968 - US massacre of 400 civilians
  100. Peaple's Park 1969
    • Vietnam war protest
    • University students take over plot for park. Regan has fense built. Students "take the park"
    • Reagan calls national guard
  101. Nixxon Invades Cambodia 1970
  102. Conservative movement
    • Ayn Rand - The Fountainhead 1943 - Objectivism. Individualism. Individuals against conformity
    • Friedrich Hayck - Road to Serfdom 1944 - threas of Facism/Communism/Socialism a threat to free liberty and markets.
    • William F Buckley National Review 1955+ conservative majority disorganized. used this to have conservative voice. non-religious magazine
    • Conservative takeover of republican party
  103. Roe V Wade
    • 1973
    • Pro Abortion. Women's right to privacy
  104. 19th Ammendment
    • Women's Sufrage
    • 1920
  105. Ronald Reagan
    • 1981-89
    • Conserative
    • Deregulation
    • ex: car industry safety
    • Tax Reform Act 1986 - lowered taxes. simplified tax code. helped poor
  106. Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty INF
    • 1987
    • Arms treaty
    • Destruction of nukes
    • Cold War ends
  107. Nov 9, 1989
    • E berlins cross B wall
    • Cold War over
  108. New World ORder after WWII
    • Globalization
    • World BAnk
    • International Monetary Fund IMF
    • -loans to 3rd world country

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview