Immunology Chap 1

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Immunology Chap 1
2010-01-30 13:32:13
Immunology Terms

Immunology Terms
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  1. Adaptive Immunity
    A specific immune response (to a specific stimulus), by primarily B cells and T cells, that is capable of being recalled ("memory").
  2. Attenuation
    The process of weakening a bacterium or virus, such that it cannot cause disease, but is still capable of producing a specific immune response.
  3. Autoimmunity
    An abnormal specific host reponse to its own ("self") antigens.
  4. Cell-Mediated or Cellular Immunity
    The part of the specific immune system that primarily involves T cells and results in the production of cytokines.
  5. Humoral Immunity
    The part of the specific immune system that primarily involves B cells (plasma cells) and results in the production of antibodies (immunoglobulins).
  6. Immune Response
    Any detectable response to a foreign (or self) antigen, either through innate immunity or adaptive immunity.
  7. Immune System
    The cells, tissues and molecules that are coordinated to produce innate immunity and specific immunity.
  8. Innate Immunity
    Anatomical, cellular and humoral defenses that function in the early stages of host defense in response to foreign substances (antigens).
  9. Memory
    The ability of the specific immune system to recognize, and respond to, an antigen to which it has responded in the past.
  10. Recognition Phase
    The ability to detect non-self antigens, and respond to them as foreign.
  11. Vaccine
    An antigen or antigens that, when introduced into a host, will produce an effective immune response.