History 11

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History 11
2010-12-16 23:57:10
History Semester exam

Study questions for history 11 semester one exam
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  1. 13 Black Kettle
    chief of the Cheyene Indians who brought several hundred to Sand Creek to negotiate a peace deal in 1864
  2. 13 William Fetterman
    Was an officer in the U.S. Army in the civil war and in Red Clouds War. He was killed at Fetterman's massacre.
  3. 13 George A. Custer
    commander of the U.S. Seventh Cavalry that was massacered by the Lakota and Cheyene Indians
  4. 13 Virginia Clay
    Senator wife from Huntsville, AL she moved in high society in Washington D.C. she and her husband were accussed of being in the plot to kill Abraham Lincoln and were put in jail
  5. 13 Henry Comstock
    one of the richest gold and silver strikes in history was named after him
  6. 13 John Chivington
    A U.S. colonel of the Colorado Volunteers who refused to negotiate with the Cheyene Indians led by Black Kettle at Sand Creek he led his cavalry troops into an attack on the Indians where over 1400 troops were killed and possibly up to 600 Indians
  7. 13 Sitting Bull
    Chief of the Indians who fought and defeated Custer at the battle of the Little Big Horn
  8. 13 Sedalia
    home of the scott joplin ragtime festival in missouri
  9. 13 Abilene
    established by cattlemen as a stock shipping point
  10. 13 vigilance committees
    was a group formed of private citizens to administer law and order where they considered governmental structures to be inadequate. ...
  11. 13 longhorn
    type of cattle
  12. 13 Little Crow
    Chief of the Crow people. The government was a month late with payments Chief Little Crow asked for food on credit and he was told to let them eat grass or dung. This caused an usrising in the Dakato territory
  13. 13 Crazy Horse
    One of the chiefs that led the Lakota and Sioux in defending their lands.
  14. 13 range wars
    several battles with the indians and settlers to keep their hunting grounds and lands
  15. 13 barbed wire
    a type of fencing used on the open ranges
  16. 13 frontier
    a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country
  17. 13 long drive
    from setatic to Missouri
  18. 14 fixed costs
    costs a company must pay whether or not it is operating
  19. 14 holding companies
    a company whose primary business is owning a controlling share of stock in other companies
  20. 14 operating costs
    costs that occur while running a company
  21. 14 Pacific Railway Act
    The Pacific Railway Acts were a series of acts of Congress that promoted the construction of the transcontinental railroad in the United States through authorizing the issuance of government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies.
  22. 14 Andrew Carnegie
    was a Scottish-American industrialist, businessman, entrepreneur and a major philanthropist.
  23. 14 Edwin Drake
    was an American oil driller, popularly credited with being the first to drill for oil in the United States.
  24. 14 Jay Gould
    was an American financier who became a leading American railroad developer and speculator. He has long been vilified as an archetypal robber baron, whose successes made him the ninth richest American in history.
  25. 14 John D. Rockefeller
    was an American oil magnate. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, he founded the Standard Oil Company
  26. 14 Industrial union
    an organization of common laborers and craft workers in a particular industry
  27. 14 trade union
    an organization of workers with the same trade or skill
  28. 14 trust
    a combination of firms or corporations formed by a legal agreement especially to reduce competition
  29. 14 Karl Marx
    wrote the communist manifesto and is considered the father of communism
  30. 14 Samuel Gompers
    American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
  31. 14 Thomas Alva Edison
    invented the light bulb
  32. 14 Eugene V. Debs
    American union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
  33. 14 air brakes
    A system that uses compressed air to push the brake shoes onto the train wheels
  34. 14 laissez-faire
    policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy
  35. 14 Northrop automatic loom
    The Northrop Loom was a fully automatic power loom marketed by George Draper Co, Hopedale, Massachusetts in 1895. It was named after James Henry Northrop who invented the shuttle-charging mechanism.
  36. 14 Cornelius Vanderbilt
    was an American entrepreneur. He built his wealth in shipping and railroads and was the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family and one of the richest Americans in history.
  37. 14 Alexander Graham Bell
    invented the telephone
  38. 14 Eugene V. Debs
    American union leader, one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
  39. 15 Horatio Algerzas
    an American author who expressed the idea of individualism in his rags to riches stories about regular American people
  40. 15 Thomas Eakins
    American realist artist who painted people in day to day tasks
  41. 15 Charles Darwin
    wrote the theory of evolution
  42. 15 Samuel Clemens
    Mark Twains real name
  43. 15 Edward Bellamy
    was an American author and socialist, most famous for his utopian novel, Looking Backward, set in the year 2000
  44. 15 Lillian Wald
    Lillian D. Wald was a practical idealist who worked to create a more just society. Her goal was to ensure that women and children, immigrants and the poor, and members of all ethnic and religious groups would realize America's promise of "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness."
  45. 15 Dwight L. Moody
    minister and organizer of the American YMCA
  46. 15 Andrew Carnegie
    gospel of wealth the wealthy Americans have the responsibility to engage in philanthropy
  47. 15 Mark Twain
    real name Samuel Clemons american author who wrote Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn
  48. 15 Scott Joplin
    One of the most important American ragtime composers
  49. 15 Charles Warner
    wrote a novel with Mark Twain entitled the Gilded Age to sound an alarm about society
  50. 15 Booker T. Washington
    African American researcher, scientist and inventor. developed many products from the peanut
  51. 15 Andrew Carnegie
    Gospel of wealth
  52. 15 Walter Rauschenbusch
    was a Christian theologian and Baptist minister. He was a key figure in the Social Gospel movement in the United States of America.
  53. 15 Edith Wharton
    a realistic American author
  54. 15 Herbert Spencer
    was an English philosopher, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era.
  55. 15 Jane Addams
    estaqblished settlement houses in poor neighborhoods in which middle class people lived and helped poor immigrants
  56. 15 Henry George
    Published Progress and Poverty
  57. 15 Washington Gladden
    tried to apply what he called Christian Law to social problems
  58. 15 Lester Frank Ward
    published Dynamic Sociology he argued that humans were different from animals in nature because they could think ahead and plan
  59. 16 Booker T. Washington
    Organized the Tuskeegee Institute for African Americans an industrial and agricultural school
  60. 16 Chester A. Arthur
    21st president of the united states
  61. 16 lynchings
    executing without proper court proceedings
  62. 16 Grover Cleveland
    22nd president of the United States
  63. 16 grandfather clause
    it allowed individuals who did not pass the literacy test to vote if their fathers or grandfathers had voted
  64. 16 "The Crime of 73"
    Those who wanted silver coinage had a compaign to get coins made out of silver. Later this became known as the crime of 73
  65. 16 William McKinley
    25 th president of the u.s. and last veteran of the civil war
  66. 16 Plessy V. Ferguson
    supreme court decision that made it illegal for the separation of the blacks and whites
  67. 16 Atlanta Compromise
    speech by Booker T. Washington to help settle race relations
  68. 16 goldbugs
    believed the American currency should be based only on gold
  69. 16 Ida Wells
    African American journalist and newspaper editor and anti-lynchings crusader
  70. 16 Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
    leader in the great exodus that brought thousands of African Americans west
  71. 16 Homer Plessy
    an African American who was famous for his court case of plessy vs ferguson he was a black man sitting in a whites only car on a train
  72. 16 subtreasury
    a plan to allow american farmers to store their crops in federal warehouses during times of low prices and wait to sell them later
  73. 16 silverities
    believed coining silver in unlimited quanities would end the nations economic crisis
  74. 16 Jim Crow
    statutes or laws enforcing segregation
  75. 16 James A. Garfield
    20th president of the u.s.
  76. 16 Charles W. Macune
    leader of the texas and national farmers alliance
  77. 16 William Jennings Bryan
    delivered the most famous speech in american history at the democratic national convention the cross of gold speech about the coinage of silver
  78. 16 W.E.B. Du Bois
    first african american to earn a phd at Harvard. he was a civil rights activist against racism.
  79. 17 Roosevelt Corollary
    policy that the United States would intervene in Latin America
  80. 17 Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
    Brittain signed exclusive canal rights over to the U.S.
  81. 17 Foraker Act
    organis act of 1900 established a civilian government on the island of puerto rico
  82. 17 Phillippe Bunau-Varilla
    helped influence the u.s. construction cite of the panama canal
  83. 17 William Howard Taft
    27th president of the u.s.
  84. 17 James G. Blaine
    advocate of black suffrage he was a u.s. representative for 20 years.
  85. 17 Alfred T. Mahan
    wrote a book The Influence of Sea Power upon History. It said the country with the best navy would control the world
  86. 17 Pan-Americanism
    the idea that the United States and the Latin American nations should work together
  87. 17 Matthew C. Perry
    commander of the u.s. navy and compelled the opening of Japan to the west.
  88. 17 profectorate
    a country that is protected by another country or countries
  89. 17 Theodore Roosevelt
    26th president of the u.s.
  90. 17 Enrique Dupuy de Lome
    a spanish ambassador to america he wrote a letter that defamed president mckinley and that eventually led to the spanish american war
  91. 17 Josiah Strong
    one of the founders of the social gospel movement
  92. 17 Open Door Policy
    allows nations to trade freely with other nations
  93. 17 Anglo-Saxonism
    the idea that English speaking nations are superior
  94. 17 dollar diplomacy
    a plan by President Taft that promoted mutual economic development
  95. 17 Emilio Aguinaldo
    was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. He played an instrumental role during the Philippines' revolution against Spain, and the subsequent Philippine-American War that resisted American occupation.
  96. 17 John Hay
    was an American statesman, diplomat, author, journalist, and private secretary and assistant to Abraham Lincoln.
  97. 17 Liliuokalani
    Queen of the hawaiian islands. She was the last remaining monarch of Hawaii. She felt she was to preserve the hawaiian way of life
  98. 18 muckraker
    a journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in society
  99. 18 temperance
    refers to laws banning the manufacture, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages
  100. 18 Children's Bureau
    established by Taft to investigate and publicize child labor problems
  101. 18 Wisconsin
    political reform first came to the state level when voters in this state elected Robart La Follette as a Republican governor
  102. 18 prohibition
    moderation in or the abstinance from alcohol
  103. 18 commission plan
    divides a city's government into different departments under the control of a commissioner
  104. 18 workers' compensation
    is a form of insurance that provides compensation medical care for employees who are injured in the course of employment
  105. 18 Richard A. Ballinger
    was mayor of Seattle, Washington, from 1904–1906 and U.S. Secretary of the Interior from 1909–1911.
  106. 18 Meat Inspection Act
    requires the United States Department of Agriculture to inspect all cattle, sheep, goats, and horses when slaughtered and processed into products for human consumption
  107. 18 Woodrow Wilson
    28th president of the u.s leader of the progressive movement
  108. 18 Nineteenth Amendment
    right to vote
  109. 18 initiative
    provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite) on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance, or, in its minimal form, to simply oblige the executive or legislative bodies to consider the subject by submitting it to the order of the day. It is a form of direct democracy
  110. 18 Ida Tarbell
    She was known as one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era, work known in modern times as "investigative journalism
  111. 18 Sixteenth Amendment
    income tax
  112. 18 Seventeenth Amendment
    direct election of u.s. senators by popular vote
  113. 18 referendum
    is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal
  114. 19 Black Hand
    group of people that assinated archduke ferdinand
  115. 19 Ferdinand Foch
    supreme commander of the allied forces
  116. 19 Vladimir Lenin
    bolshevik leader
  117. 19 Sussex Pledge
    promise not to sink more merchant ships without warning
  118. 19 Bernard Baruch
    stockbroker who led the war industries board
  119. 19 Pancho Villa
    mexican gorilla leader that conducted raids into the u.s.
  120. 19 Liberty Bonds
    method of loaning money to the goverment to pay for war
  121. 19 John Pershing
    general who failed to capture pancho villa
  122. 19 espionage
    spying to acquire government secrets
  123. 19 Four-minute Men
    gave patriotic speaches urging support of war
  124. 20 Bessie Smith
    singer who seemed to symbolize soul
  125. 20 Oscar Depriest
    first african american elected to congress from a northern state
  126. 20 Billy Sunday
    former major league baseball player who turned evangelical fundamentalist preacher
  127. 20 Al Capone
    gangster in chicago during prohibition
  128. 20 Great Migration
    created powerful african american voting blocks in northern cities
  129. 20 mass media
    helped spread the news and attitudes of the 1920's
  130. 20 Bohemian
    artistic and unconventional lifestyle in the 1920's
  131. 20 Marcus Garvey
    leader of the back to africa movement
  132. 20 William Jennings Bryan
    was an American politician in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. He was a dominant force in the liberal wing of the Democratic Party
  133. 20 Duke Ellington
    composer, pianist, and bandleader whose sound was a blend of improvisation and orchestration
  134. 20 bootlegging
    illegal production and distribution of liquor
  135. 20 flappers
    was a term applied to a "new breed" of young Western women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior.
  136. 20 eugenics
    applied science or the biosocial movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population
  137. 20 creationism
    the idea that God made the world as described in the Bible
  138. 20 Charles Lindbergh
    pilot of the first solo non-stop transatlantic flight
  139. 20 Langston Hughes
    writer who became the leading voice of the african american experience in America
  140. 20 Margaret Mead
    helped spread the new ideas and attitudes of the 1920's
  141. 20 evolution
    the idea that human beings developed from lower forms of life
  142. 20 police powers
    a governments right to control people and property in the interest of public safety, health, welfare and morals
  143. 20 Scopes trial
    act that outlawed the teaching of evolution
  144. 19 World War I - Allied Powers, Central Powers, Neutral Nations
    study the mao in your book p. 579.