Unit 9- Lesson 18.1 & 18.2

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  1. Comparatives and superlatives of adj. and adv. :

    Comparisons in French are formed by placing the words plus (more), moins (less), or aussi (as) before adjectives and adverbs, and the word que (than, as) after them.
    • Simone est plus âgée que son mari.
    • -- Simone is older than her husband.
    • Elle parle plus vite que son mari.
    • -- She speaks more quickly than her husband.
    • Guillaume est moins grand que son père.
    • -- Guillaume is less tall than his father.
    • Il m'écrit moins souvent que son père.
    • -- He writes me less often than his father.
    • Nina est aussi indépendante qu'Anne.
    • -- Nina is as independent as Anne.
    • Elle joue au golf aussi bien qu'Anne.
    • -- She plays golf as well as Anne.
  2. Superlatives are formed by placing the appropriate definite article after the noun, when it is expressed, and before the comparative form. The preposition de often follows the superlative to express in or of.
    • Les trains? Le TGV est (le train) le plus rapide de monde.
    • -- Trains? The TGV is the fastest (train) in the world.
  3. Some adjectives, like beau, bon, grand, and nouveau, precede the nouns they modify. Their superlative forms can also precede the nouns they modify or they can follow them.

    Beauty, age, goodness, and size = before the noun
    • C'est la plus grande ville.
    • -- It's the largest city.
    • C'est la ville la plus grande.
    • -- It's the largest city.
  4. Since adverbs are invariable, you always use le to form the superlative.
    • M. Duval est le prof qui parle le plus vite.
    • -- Ms. Duval is the professor who speaks the fastest.
    • C'est Amandine qui écoute le moins patiemment.
    • -- Amandine listens the least patiently.
  5. Some adjectives and adverbs have irregular comparative and superlative forms:

    adj. --- comparative --- superlative

    bon(ne)(s) --- meilleur(e)(s) --- le/la/les meilleur(e)(s)
    mauvais(e)(s) --- pire(s) or plus mauvais(e)(s) --- le/la/les pire(s) or le/la/les plus mauvais(e)(s)

    adv. --- comparative --- superlative

    bien --- mieux --- le mieux
    mal --- plus mal --- le plus mal
    • En été, les pêches sont meilleures que les pommes.
    • -- In summer, the peaches are better than the apples.
    • Quand on est au régime, les frites sont pires que les pâtes.
    • -- When you're dieting, fries are worse than pasta.
    • Johnny Hallyday chante bien, mais Jacques Brel chante mieux.
    • -- Johnny Hallyday sings well, but Jacques Brel sings better.
    • Je ne fais pas bien le ménage, mais tu le fais plus mal que moi.
    • -- I don't do the housework well, but you do it worse than me.
    • Voilà la meilleure boulangerie de la ville.
    • -- There's the best bakery in town.
    • Dans la classe, c'est Clémentine qui écrit le mieux.
    • -- In class, it's Clémentine who writes the best.
  6. Double object pronouns:

    Use indirect object pronouns and direct object pronouns together.
    • J'ai rendu le menu à la serveuse. --- Je le lui ai rendu.
    • -- I returned the menu to the waitress. --- I returned it to her.
  7. Use this sequence when a sentence contains both a direct and indirect object pronoun.

    me le
    te la lui
    nous before l' before + verb
    vous les leur
  8. In an infinitive construction, the double object pronouns come after the conjugated verb and precede the infinitive, just like single objects pronouns.
    • Mes notes de français? Je vais vous le prêter.
    • -- My French notes? I'm going to lend them to you.
    • Carole veut lire mon poème? Je vais le lui montrer.
    • -- Carole wants to read my poem? I'm going to show it to her.
  9. In the passé composé the double object pronouns precede the auxiliary verb, just like the single object pronouns. The past participle agrees with the preceding direct object.
    • Rémi a-t-il acheté ces fleurs pour sa mère? --- Oui, il les lui a achetées.
    • -- Did Rémi buy those flowers for his mother? --- Yes, he bought them for her.
  10. In affirmative commands, the verb is followed by the direct object pronoun and then the indirect object pronoun, with hyphens in between. Remember to use moi and toi instead of me and te.
    • Vous avez trois voitures? Montrez-les-moi.
    • -- You have three cars? Show them to me.

Card Set Information

Unit 9- Lesson 18.1 & 18.2
2010-12-16 04:06:06
French Final

Comparatives and Superlatives of Adjectives and Adverbs & Double Object Pronouns
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