harvard peds head and neck.txt

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Author:
tyvachon
ID:
56460
Filename:
harvard peds head and neck.txt
Updated:
2010-12-16 01:49:16
Tags:
radiology resident peds harvard notes
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radiology resident peds harvard notes
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  1. Enlarged head:
    hydrocephalus (most common), SDH, hemiatrophy, Beckwith-Wiedemann
  2. Small head:
    absent or atrophic brain, craniosynostosis, shunt placement
  3. Thick skull:
    renal osteodystrophy, HPT, anemias, leukemia, lymphoma, chronic decreased intracranial pressure (shunts most common cause of calvarial thickening), dilantin, FD
  4. Lytic skull lesions:
    EG, leukemia, lymphoma, FD, dermoid, epidermoid, HPT
  5. Multiple lacunae:
    physiologic, increased intracranial pressure, meningocele, encephalocele
  6. Wormian bones:
    normal, cleidocranial dysostosis, hypothyroidism, OI, pyknodysostosis, Downs � CHOPS
  7. Harlequin eyes:
    craniosynostosis, NF, craniometaphyseal dysplasia
  8. Congenital nasal masses:
    nasal cephalocele, nasal glioma, dermoid/dermal sinus
  9. Neck mass in infant:
    fibromatosis colli, branchial cleft cyst, lymphangioma/hemangioma, thyroglossal duct cyst, thymic cyst, dermoid, adenopathy, rhabdomyosarcoma, lymphoma, neuroblastoma
  10. Intracranial calcification:
    physiologic (choroid plexus, pineal gland, falx), tumor (craniopharyngioma, oligodendroglioma, meningioma), infection (TORCH, TB, cysticercosis), congenital (congenital atrophy, TS, Sturge-Weber), metabolic (hypoparathyroid, Fahr�s), trauma, vascular (AVM, hematoma, aneurysm)
  11. Enlarged sella turcica:
    craniopharyngioma (most common), optic chiasm/hypothalamic glioma, increased intracranial pressure, empty sella

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