Types of Therapy

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Types of Therapy
2010-12-16 03:22:00

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  1. Classical psychoanalysis
    Involves the use of free association, dream analysis and analysis of the client's reaction to the therapist (transference). Clients recognize unconscious thoughts and emotions and slowly develops insight into how past conflicts shaped current problems.
  2. Humanistic psychotherapy
    They view people as consciously able to control their own life. They think behavior isn't monitored by inner conflicts, but an innate drive toward growth that is guided by how people perceive their world.
  3. Client-centered therapy
    (Humanistic) Clients talk about what they want, when they want to. They lead the conversation, and therapy isn't some "cure" handed out to clients.
  4. Unconditional positive regard
    (Humanistic) The therapist treats the client as a valued person, no matter what. Even if the therapist doesn't agree, they still respect the clients view of the world.
  5. Empathy
    (Humanistic) Therapist puts themselves in the clients shoes. They make sure to pay great attention to the client and reflect on what the client says - usually rewords what the client said.
  6. Gestalt therapy
    Much like client-centerd therapy, except the therapist uses more direct tools to get the client to become more self-accepting
  7. Behavior therapy
    • Behavior therapists see psychological problems as learned behaviors, where humanistic and psychodynamic say if one can gain insight to problems they will go away.
    • Uses classical conditioning.
  8. Df: behavior modification
    Uses operant conditioning methods to change behavior.