Psychology 118

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od_essa
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56518
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Psychology 118
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2010-12-16 13:04:08
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psychology revision
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psychology revision for end of term
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  1. what is pro social behavour
    this is helping others without seeing or looking forward to a reward
  2. who spoke of the Law of effect -
    behaviours followed by positive consequences are strengthened while the ones with negative consequences are weakened
    E.L. THORNDIKE
  3. WHO DEALTH WITH OPERANT CONDITIONING - INSTRUMENTAL CONDITIONING OR ACTIVE BEHAVIOR that operates on the environment to generate consequences
    Skinner
  4. What are the proceedures of Operant conditioning
    • Target behavior
    • Preperation
    • Reinforcers
    • Shaping
  5. types of reinforcers
    positive - stimlus increase beahvior

    negative - unplesent stimulus removal increase preceeding behaviour

    • can either be primary - food ect
    • of secondary - acquired reinforcing power
  6. defination of self esteem
    how much a person likes him self or her self

    feeling of self worth
  7. Aspects of se;f
    Private self

    Public self

    iDEAL SELF
  8. WHO AND WHAT THEORY SPOKE ABOUT SELF THEORY OR SELF ACTUALIZATION
    • Carl Rogers HUMANISTIC THEORY
    • different regards

    Positive regard - love, sympathy, warmth, acceptance, and respect we crave from family

    Conditional positive regard - P. R. we recieve if we behave in certain acceptable ways

    Unconditional regard - warmth, acceptance, love that others show you because you are a valued human being
  9. WHO DEALTH WITH PSYCHOANALYTICAL / PSYCHOSEXUAL THEORIES
    Freud -

    • Oral 0 - 1
    • Anal 1 - 3
    • Phallic 3 - 6
    • Latent 6 - 11
    • Genetal 11 - 18
  10. what did freud also talk about
    id ---

    ego----

    superego-----
  11. Terror management theory
    awarness of death, and are terrified of death As such we create psychological phenomena as a buffer against the terror of dying
  12. Social Learning theory
    Albert Bndura - observational learning or modeling took place

    Famus "bobo doll" and child's imation of actions agains the dolls as seen before.
  13. Types of Bandura Models
    Live model

    Verbal instructional Model

    Symbolic models = books figures ect
  14. what is Bandura's Modeling Process
    Attention

    Retention

    Reproduction

    Motivation
  15. the psychosocial developmental
    stages and by whom
    Erickson

    • trust vs mis trust 0-18mth
    • autonomy vs shame and doubt 2-3
    • initiative vs guilt 3-5
    • industry vs inferiority 6 - 11
    • identity vs role confusion 12- 18
    • intimacy vs isolation 19 - 40
    • Generativity vs Stagnation 40 - 65
    • Ego integrity vs Despair 65 - death
  16. Cognitive Development and by whom
    Piaget

    Sensori motor 0 - 2

    • Preoperational stage - 2 - 6
    • here you have Egocentrism and Conservation
    • cannot manipulate information

    • Concrete operational stage - 7 - 11
    • understanding abstract

    • Formal operational stage
    • logical thought, deductive reasoning, sytamatic planning
  17. who spoke of ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT AND WHAT THEORY
    VORTSKY - a level of development attained when children engage in social behaviour

    Human cognitive development
  18. what did gestol refer too
    the gestol approach

    seeing the whole picture, a wholistic approach
  19. charles darwin
    evolotion
  20. luke
    the human mind is like a blind state
  21. maslows pyrimid of needs
    top to bottom

    self actualization
  22. Functionalism
    Environment rather than state of mind
  23. What is self serving bias
    explaining our sucess as attributed to our dispositions and failures as sttributed to situations
  24. Fundamental attribution eror
    causes of a person's behaviour we look for person's disposition or personality trait and overlook the situation and it's influence.
  25. urie bronfenbrenner
    biological approach

    layers of the environment have an effect on the child's environment

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