Sociology Final

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TheGreatMarcucio
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56538
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Sociology Final
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2010-12-16 21:33:02
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sociology
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Sociology flashcards to study for my final
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  1. Who wrote/is credited for "Suicide?"
    Durkheim
  2. Who wrote/is credited for "Capital?"
    Marx
  3. Who wrote/is credited for "Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism?"
    Weber
  4. Who was the first sociologist to write a book on research methods?
  5. Main contributions of Karl Marx?
    • Conflict perspective
    • Historical materialism
    • The idea that capitalists exploit workers for profit
    • The idea that "the system" is inherently unstable
  6. Main contributions of Durkheim?
    Positivism
  7. Main contributions of Max Weber?
    Protestant ethic
  8. Main contributions of August Comte?
  9. Main contributions of C.W. Mills?
  10. Main points from the positivism perspective?
    Idea that society can be studied scientifically and that "social facts" exist beyond individuals' minds
  11. Main points of the structural-functional perspective?
    • Society is interdependent, like a living organism
    • Each serves specific functions
    • Cooperation and interdependence enable social order
  12. Main points of the conflict perspective?
    • Focus on power
    • Stability and order are temporary
  13. Main points of the symbolic interactionism perspective?
  14. Main points of the feminist perspective?
  15. Main points of the Chicago school perspective?
  16. Deduction is...(different from induction)
  17. Induction is...(different from deduction)
  18. Examples of material culture?
  19. Examples of non-material culture?
  20. Ethnocentrism is...
  21. Cultural relativism is...
  22. What is a value?
  23. What is a norm?
  24. What is a symbol?
  25. What's counterculture?
    What's subculture?
    What's the difference between the two?
  26. What was the first type of mass media?
  27. What is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?
  28. What is socialization?
  29. What's the primary source of socialization for infants and young children?
  30. What is the sex/gender perspective on socialization?
  31. What is Sigmund Freud's perspective on socialization?
  32. What is Erik Erikson's perspective on socialization?
  33. What is Charles Horton Cooley's perspective on socialization?
  34. What is George Herbert Mead's perspective on socialization?
  35. (Translate) - childhood in pre-industrial times - Aries
  36. What is a total institution?
  37. What is an ascribed status?
  38. What is an achieved status?
  39. What is a status set?
  40. What is a role?
  41. What are George Simmel's types of social groups?
  42. What are Cooley's types of social groups?
  43. What's the definition of an in-group?
  44. What's the definition of an out-group?
  45. What is cultural capital?
  46. What is human capital?
  47. What are the characteristics of a formal organization?
  48. What are the characteristics of a bureaucracy?
  49. What is an open-source network? What are some examples?
  50. What is formal deviance?
  51. What is informal deviance?
  52. What are Durkheim's types of social solidarity?
  53. What is anomie?
    A state of normlessness
  54. Who created the theory of anomie?
    Durkheim
  55. What is social control?
  56. What is Robert Merton's typology of deviance?
  57. What is labeling theory?
  58. What is stigma?
  59. What is a nuclear family?
  60. What is an extended family?
  61. What is polygamy?
    Practice of having more than one partner or spouse at a time
  62. What is polygyny?
    The practice of having multiple wives at the same time
  63. What is polyandry?
    Tha practice of having multiple husbands at the same time
  64. What is endogamy?
    Marriage from within a person's social group
  65. What is exogamy?
    Marriage from outside a person's social group
  66. Which nation follows rigid adherence to endogamy?
    India
  67. What percent of US marriages end in divorce?
  68. How do poor black women manage work and child care?
  69. How does the textbook define education?
  70. What was the main finding of the Coleman report?
  71. What are the arguments for and against schools' sorting functions?
  72. What are the arguments for and against schools' tracking functions?
  73. What court ruling mandated desegregation of schools?
  74. How does the textbook define religion?
  75. What is a church?
  76. What is a sect?
  77. What is a denomination?
  78. What is a congregation?
  79. What does it mean to be "sacred?"
  80. What does it mean to be "profane?"
  81. What is secularism?
  82. What are the two main denominations of Islam?
  83. Why aren't serf's considered slaves?
  84. What is/are the consequence(s) of the enclosure movement?
  85. What is monetization?
  86. What are the characteristics of money?
  87. What is an oligopoly?
  88. What is authority?
    The justifiable right to exercise power
  89. What is legal-rational authority?
    A system of authority based on legal, impersonal rules ("the rules rule")
  90. What is traditional authority?
    Authority based on appeals to the past and/or a long established way of doing things
  91. What is charismatic authority?
    Authority based on the "super-natural" appeal of an individual leader
  92. What is the logic of industrialism thesis?
  93. What is a sex?
    The natural or biological differences that distinguish males from females
  94. What is a gender?
    Denotes a social position, the set of social arrangements that are built around sex
  95. What is a sexuality?
    Refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior
  96. What was the idea of "whiteness" at the turn of the 20th century?
  97. What types of beliefs and attitudes are considered rascist?
  98. What is Park's straight-line assimilation model?
  99. What is ontological equality?
  100. What is equality of opportunity?
  101. What it equality of condition?
  102. What is a meritocratic society?
  103. What is a bourgeoisie?
  104. What is a proletariat?
  105. What is a petty bourgeoisie?
  106. What is the class system?
  107. What is the caste system?
  108. What is the estate system?
  109. What is the Mills power elite model?
  110. How does the textbook define poverty?
  111. What expense makes up the biggest proportion of household budget in poor families?
  112. What are "survival adaptations?"
  113. What is the culture of poverty theory?
  114. What is "PRWORA?"
  115. What were Susan Mayer's findings on poverty?
  116. (Translate) Moving to Opportunity study's findings on poverty
  117. How do doctors establish power?
  118. What privileges are possessed by doctors?
  119. What were the main findings of the Whitehall study?
  120. What are the types of health care systems?
  121. What are the main points of the health care reform act?
  122. What race group has the highest infant mortality rate in the US?
  123. What race group has the lowest infant mortality rate in the US?
  124. What is the main factor responsible for scientific advancements?
  125. What is Latour and Woolgar's model of science?
    Scientific facts are socially constructed
  126. What is the main contributor to rising global temperatures?
    Carbon dioxide?
  127. How do genetic modifications reduce waste?
  128. What is the green revolutions and what are its consequences?
  129. What is the digital divide?
  130. What is a collective action?
    Group behavior that diverges from social norms
  131. What is convergence theory?
    The theory that collective action happens when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather in the same place
  132. What is an emergent norm?
    Emphasizes influence of leaders in starting a behavior (leaders emerge in situations)
  133. What contagion theory?
    Theory that collective action arises because of people's tendencies to conform to the behavior of others
  134. What are the criticisms of the resource mobilization theory?
    Many successful movements have been led by relatively powerless groups
  135. What is a redemptive movement?
    Seeks radical change in behavior and focused on individuals
  136. What is a revolutionary movement?
    Seeks reorganization of entire society
  137. What is a reformative movement?
    Seeks limited change across entire society
  138. What is an alternative movement?
    Seeks limited change in regard to one issue, focused on one group
  139. What are the characteristics of the modern period?

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