Anatomy Final

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servinggod247
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56542
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Anatomy Final
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2010-12-16 18:42:47
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Anatomy
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Anatomy
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  1. Which of the following traits does not characterize living things?

    Growth Circulation Digestion Thought
    THought
  2. Anatomy is a term which means the study of
    morphology
  3. What is the most complex level of organization
    organ system
  4. Skin or bone is an example of what level of organization
    organ
  5. The ____ of the body includes the head, neck, and trunk
    axial portion
  6. The lower arm is ____ to the stomach area, while the head is_______ o the stomach
    lateral; superior
  7. A ______ sextion divides the body into right and left portions
    sagittal
  8. A study dealing with the explanations of how an organ works would be an example of
    physiology
  9. What term means the same as ventral in humans
    anterior
  10. A tumor on the side of the abdomen can be described as being on the ____ surface of the body
    lateral
  11. The chin can be described as being on the _____ surface of the skull
    Inferior
  12. Which of the following terms cannot be properly paired

    cranial, skull
    frontal, forhead
    nasal, buccal
    orbital, eyes
  13. nasal, buccal
  14. Which of the following pairs of terms is not correct

    ophthalmic, eyes
    pectoral, chest
    axillary, armpit
    costal, abdomen
    costal, abdomen
  15. Which term refers to the back of the knee
  16. popliteal
  17. Where is the mediastinum located in the body
    thoracic cavity
  18. Which plane divides you into dorsal and ventral sections
    frontal
  19. What is the smallest level of organization considered to be living
    cell
  20. Which of the following means the same as lower back
    bumbar
  21. Which type of membrane lines the digestive tracct
    mucous
  22. The skin is called the _____ membrane
    cutaneous
  23. Which type of membrane is found around the abdominal organs
    serous
  24. The _____ seperates the epidermis from the dermis
    basement membrane
  25. The youngest cells would be found in the stratum ______.
    basale
  26. Calluses are thickended areas that are formed in response to an
    increase in friction pressure
  27. When blood oxygen concentration is too low, the condition _____ may occur
    cyanosis
  28. Skin cancer most likely arises from which type of cells
    melanocytes
  29. The ______ sturctures are associated with detecting deep pressure within the skin
    Pacinian corpuscles
  30. Most of the sensory fibers and structures are located in the _____ region.
    dermis
  31. Meissner corpuscles respond to a stimulus of ___.
    light touch
  32. What is the main factor in perserving body heat
    adequate dermal blood vessels
  33. The part of the hair from the surface into the dermis is the _____
    shaft
  34. A group of cells that surrounds the developing hair is called the ____
    follicle
  35. The darkness of hair is due mainly to
    Melanin concentration
  36. The color of red hair is due to
    Trichosiderin
  37. What actually controls nad maintains body temperature
    sweat glands
  38. The pigment ____ can impart a yellow or orange color to the skin
    carotene
  39. The shoulder is an example of a ____ joint
    ball-and-socket
  40. The joint between the phalanges and metacarpals is a ____ joint
    condyloid
  41. THe hip is an example of a _____ joint
    ball and socket
  42. Where is a saddle joint found
    thumb base
  43. The elbow and phalanges contain ____ joints
    hinge
  44. THe movement that decreases the anle between two bones is called
    flexsion
  45. when one is standing erect, most of the joints are in the ____ position
    extended
  46. The movement called _____ will move an appendage towards the midline of the body
    adduction
  47. Standing on one's oes is an example of _____of the foot
    plantar flexion
  48. Bending the head to observe an airplane will probably cause _____ of the neck
    hyperextension
  49. Turning the head on a central axis plane is an example of ____
    rotation
  50. When standing int eh anatomical position, the hands are considered to be in a ____ position
    supine
  51. CLosing the jaw is an example of __-- movement
    elevation
  52. There are a total of ___ bones in the body
    206
  53. Which of the following is an axial bone

    ilium
    femur
    tibia
    vertebra
    vertebra
  54. Which of the following is anappendicular bone
    ulna
  55. Which is the largest of the ankle bones
    calcaneus
  56. Which is not a difference between male and female skeletons

    male skull is heavier and larger
    female facial feature is more round
    male has longer pelvic cavity
    female pelvis is heavier and thicker
    • female pelvis is heavier and thicker
    • The parietal and temporal bones are joined by a ____-
    • suture
  57. The _____ represents an area for growth in the length of a long bone
    epiphyseal disk
  58. A group of skeletal muscle fibers is called a
    fascicle
  59. The structure that connnects muscles to bones is the
    tendon
  60. Which type of musclue is found in the stomach or blood vessels
    visceral
  61. THe smallest, functional unit of contraction is the
    sarcomere
  62. The gap between the muscle and a nerve is the
    synapse
  63. The ___ zone containts only myosin and is the center of a sarcomere
    H
  64. The chemical that crosses a neuromuscular gap is
    a neurotransmitter
  65. which molecule directly supplies energy to myosin to allow the filaments to contract
    ATP
  66. THe main force of contraciton occurs when actin forms a chemical complex with
    myosin
  67. Whcih molecule is produced during exercise resulting in the exygen debt
    lactate
  68. The degeneration of muscle fibers caused by a lack of proper stimulation and usage is called
    Atrophy
  69. The muslce is called the ____ when it is causing the movement that is being described
    prime mover
  70. which trangular thoracic muslce causes the arms to move toward the midline
    pectoralis major
  71. what is attatched to the calcaneus
    gastrocnemius
  72. the heaviest muscle in the body, which serves to straighten the leg at the hip during walking is the
    gluteus maximus
  73. THe muscle that extends the arm at the elbow is the
    Triceps brachii
  74. THe muscle that abducts the upper arm and can both flex and extend the humerus is the
    deltoid
  75. Smooth body moevements depend on -_____ giving way to ____
  76. Antagoinists, prime movers
  77. Which type of muscle is involuntary and lacks striations
    smooth
  78. WHich type of muscle is triated and voluntary
    skeletal
  79. The membranne closest to the heart muscle is the
    visceral pericardium
  80. THe superior vena cava enters the ___ of the heart
    right atrium
  81. MItral valve prolapse is a condition, which causes blood to back flow into the
    left ventricle
  82. The pulmonary semilunar valve prevents back flow of blood into the
    right ventricle
  83. What contains blood with a relatively low oxygen content
    pulmonary artery
  84. which fiber system is the first to depolarize in a cardiac cycle
    sinoatrial node
  85. the average amount of blood in an adult is ____ L
    5
  86. Red blood cells live around ___ before they disintegrate
    120 days
  87. Who is at risk for developing a fatal Rh incompatibility
    second Rh+ fetus of Rh- mother
  88. A person with type A blood has
    Antigen A and Antibody B
  89. What is the is a universal recipient
    AB
  90. Which of the following have thicker walls and are more rigid

    Arterioles
    Veins
    Capillaries
    Arteries
    Arteries
  91. What is the average resting heart rate
    70 bpm
  92. Vlood in viens is kep tflowing in one direction by
    presence of valves
  93. Transport mechanisms used by the capillaries are
    • Osmosis
    • filtration
    • diffusion
  94. The teeth that bite off pieces of food are
    incisors
  95. The intestinal enzyme that breaks down fats is
    lipase
  96. The process of chwing is referred to as
    Mastication
  97. What produces and secretes bile
    gallbladder
  98. Bile facilitates digestion by causing ____ of fats
    emulsification
  99. The short section of the intestine is the __________
    duodenum
  100. MOst of the absorption of nutrients occur in the
    jujunum
  101. The ileocecal valve prevents chyme form entering the ____-
    Large intestine
  102. The third portion of teh small intestine
    ileum
  103. THe ball of food that moves down the esophagus is called
    bolus
  104. WHat is not a function of saliva

    Clensing of mouth and teeth
    dissolving chemicals necessary for tasting fod
    helping form bolus
    beginning digestion of proteins
    beginning digestion of proteins
  105. THe food that stays in the stomach the longest are high in
    Fat
  106. Pancreatic enzymes travel along the pancreatic duct and empty into the

    A. duodenum
    B. Jujenum
    C. ileum
    D stomach
    A
  107. An excess of CO2 will cause the blood pH to Increase or Decrease
    Decrease
  108. Which of the following is part of the lower respiratory tract

    A. lungs
    B. pharynx
    C. larynx
    D. epiglottis
    A
  109. The Adam's apple is our
    larynx
  110. The left lung has how many lobes
    2
  111. Inspiration occurs after the diaphragm contracts, thus _______ the pressure within the thorax by ______ the size of the thorax
    increasing, decreasing
  112. Respiratory air volumes are measured by an insturment called a
    spirometer
  113. C-shaped pieces of cartliage are found within the
    trachea
  114. There are ____ secondary bronchi
    5
  115. The functional gas exchanging units are termed
    alveolie
  116. Atmospheric pressure is around ___ mmHG
    760
  117. The amount of air that enters the lungs during normal, restful breathing is called the ___-
    tidal air volume
  118. The amount of air that cannot be expelled is the
    residual
  119. Which reflex involves a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
    hiccup
  120. Which of these has the highest affinity for hemoglobin

    CO2
    nitrogen
    O2
    CO
    O2
  121. Breathing is mainly controlled by the
    pneumotaxic center
  122. What is the basic functionl unit of the kidney
    Nephron
  123. THe renal corpuscle is comprised of a glomerulus and
    Bowman's capsule
  124. Which section of the nephron follows the ascending limb of the loop of Henle
    Proximal convoluted tubule
  125. Which ion is reabsorbed in exchange for sodium
    Potassium
  126. Tubular reabsorption occurs from the nephron tubules into the
    Peritubular capillaries
  127. What affect does ADH have on urine output
    Maintains
  128. Which organ of the urinary system is used to transport urine
    Ureters
  129. The blood supply to the nephrons is via the
    Afferent arterioles
  130. Urine is conveyed from the kidney to the bladder via the
    ureter
  131. Which of the following is under conscious control

    external urethral sphincter
    internal urethral sphincter
    bladder wall
    peristalsis
    excternal urethral sphincter
  132. During menstrual cycle the event that provokes ovulation is
    sharp spike of LH concentration
  133. Fertilization of the egg by the sperm takes place in the
    Fallopian tube
  134. The organ of the Female reproductive system that is analogous to the penis is the
    Clitoris
  135. THe primary oocyte produces ____ mature egg cells
    1
  136. The function of the bulbourethral glands is to
    lubricate the penis
  137. The pitutitary hormone that stimulates the testes to produce testosterone is
    LH
  138. Oversectretion of FSH is prevented by secretion of
    inhibin
  139. The process by which the number of a chromosomes in a sex cell is reduced from 46 to 23
    Meiosis
  140. Each primary spermatocyte will eventually prodcue how many sperm cells
    4
  141. THe function of the epididymis is to
    store sperm as they mature
  142. What substance is added to sperm cells by the seminal vesicle
    fructose
  143. The primary sex organ in the male is the
    Testis
  144. What is the source of the male sex hormones
    seminiferous tubules
  145. Which cells are present in a male age five
    spermatogonia
  146. the main function of the prostate seems to be
    secretion of alkaline mucus
  147. a fertilized sex cell
    zygote
  148. Superior region of the vagina is the
    cervix
  149. Where does implantation occure
    endometrium
  150. What hormone initiates and sustains labor contractions
    oxytocin

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