GenPsych CH14

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GenPsych CH14
2010-12-16 23:17:28

GenPsych Ch14 HW
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  1. As discussed in your textbook, such people as Moe Armstrong and Frederick Frese are diagnosed schizophrenics...
    ... who live remarkably productive lives.
  2. Fred was diagnosed as schizophrenic at age 27. According to the information presented in your textbook, what is probably description of his life at age 68?
    He may have shown improvement or even recovery.
  3. You are suprised to learn that the concept of insanity is defined by:
  4. According to your textbook:
    "abnormal behavior is always deviant".
  5. Thirty year-old Armand feels compelled to save objects that might throw away. he is afraid that he will discard something he will need later, so his home is filled with old newspapers, empty boxes, worn-out clothing, antiquated computer equipment, and even the seeds from the fruit and vegetables he has eaten. Armand's neighbors have complained to the homeowner's association because he has been forced to store some things outside his home. He is embarrassed by his need to hoard objects, but he is overcome by dread if he tries to throw things away. The criteria that govern decisions about abnormality are applicable in this case because:
    Armand's behavior deviates from the norm and is distressing for him.
  6. Larry drinks a 12-pack of beer each day and believes all would be fine if people would just "get off his back." Which criterion for abnormality is absent from this scenario?
    Personal discomfort.
  7. Marilyn is depressed a great deal of the time and seeks help from a therapist. She is diagnosed as having a mental illness caused by a chemical imbalance. Marilyn is most likely being treated by someone who adheres to the _____ model of psychological disorders.
  8. A recent immigrant to the U.S. has been having some problems, and after some initial hesitation, decides to see a therapist for some assistance. After the interview, the therapist makes a particular diagnosis and is discussing the case with a colleague when the colleague raises some concerns. She points out that the therapist may need to reconsider his diagnosis because the behaviors involved are much more common and are even considered "normal" in the country from which the person came. The views of the colleague are most consistent with the _____ perspective on psychological disorders.
  9. Jerry is a social recluse who has few interactions with others. He believes that his parents are to blame for his lack of self-esteem and his inability to be successful at anything that he tries because of their critical evaluations of him. How would a humanist explain this?
    Jerry has a low self-concept because of excessive criticism that he has experienced.
  10. Of the following factors, _____ is related to the highest rates of mental disorders.
    "low income"
  11. Renee is a social worker in an urban community mental health center. She has just seen a crisis client who expressed suicidal ideation. After doing a thorough assessment to determine that he needed inpatient care, she sent him to the hospital and must now write her notes about the session. Though she knows that he is suffering with severe depression, she still has to look up the exact diagnostic code in the:
  12. You happen to hear two psychologist discussing a client. They refer to the DSM-IV-TR. The two psychologist are most likely having a discussion in the are of:
    "abnormal behavior".
  13. You decide to replicate a famous study by Rosenhan about the consequences of diagnostic labelling. You present yourself to a psychiatric institution and claim you are hearing voices. You are admitted with a diagnosis of schizophrenia but you act normally in every way after you get diagnosed. What happens now?
    Your treatment is based on the initial diagnosis and does not change.
  14. The most important inference from Rosenhan's (1973) study of people w/o psychological disorders who were admitted to psychiatric hospitals is that:
    "it is hard even for professionals to identify abnormality".
  15. Thomas Szasz would say that:
    "the insanity defense should be abolished because the crime is caused by misbehavior, not mental illnes.
  16. Robert's teacher has sent several notes home to his family during the past school year. Robert is inattentive, hyperactive, and impulsive. Rober will most likely diagnosed with:
    "attention deficit hyperactivity disorder".
  17. Brad seems to be in a continuous state of anxiety though he is unable to identify the source of his feelings. The most likely diagnosis for Brad is:
    "a generalized anxiety disorder".
  18. Anxiety disorders are the result of overly strict parents according to the _____ perpective.
    "psychological and sociocultural".
  19. Agoraphobia differs from panic disorder in that:
    "a person suffering from panic disorder does not feel anxious all the time".
  20. Which of the following is most accurate regarding agoraphobia?
    Fear of fear is the biggest problem of agoraphobics.
  21. Professor Paragon spends at least half an hour before each class cleaning the whiteboard. Even streaks from the cleaning spray create an overwhelming tension for him, and he is preoccupied by the idea that previous markings are dirty and will contaminate his notes. Over the past month, his inability to stop washing the board has led to increasingly delayed class start times. Professor Paragon's anxious thoughts are _____ and these repetitive behaviors are _____.
    "obessions; compulsions"
  22. Thirty year-old Amanda feels compelled to save objects that might throw away. She is afraid that she will discard something she will need later, so her home is filled with old newspapers, empty boxes, worn-out clothing, antiquated computer equipment, and even the seeds from the fruit and vegetables she has eaten. Amanda's neighbors have complained to the homeowner's association because she has been forced to store some things outside her home. She is embarrassed by his need to hoard objects, but he is overcome by dread if he tries to throw things away. Based on this information, Amanda may have:
    "obsessive-compulsive disorder".
  23. Martha has been diagnosed with OCD and her therapist has ordered an fMRI of her brain activity. If Martha's brain is like that of most individuals with OCD, her fMRI:
    "will show less activity in the area of the brain associated with the experience of anxiety than someone without OCD.
  24. If Eileen has a predisposition for developing schizophrenia, the diathesis-stress model of schizophrenia states that Eileen:
    "has schizophrenic siblings".
  25. In movies that focus on was (e.g., "Born on the 4th of July", "Apocalypse Now", "First Blood"), soldiers who have returned from the frontlines often struggle with overwhelming anxiety, nervousness, depression, and flashbacks. In many cases these soldiers have problems with memory and an inability to experience happiness. These characters have:
    "post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)".
  26. Your roommate is acting very strangely. Although she has not slept much in the past few days, she says she is on top of the world. She has cleaned and re-cleaned her closets several times. She also took all her savings and invested in a questionable financial venture. This period of non-stop activity has lasterd for well over a week and is in sharp contrast to the depression and fatigue she exhibited the previous semester. The DSM-IV diagnosis would most likely be:
    "bipolar disorder"
  27. Your therapist tells you that your lab test indicate a lack of neuronal receptors for serotonin and norepinephrine. One implications of this finding is that you will be prone to suffering from:
    "major depressive disorder".
  28. Joshua has received low grades in math throughout his school years. In the lower grades, he would try to study hard, but the results were always the same. Eventually, he stopped trying to do better in math because nothing he tried seemed to work. Joshua has developed:
    "learned helplessness".
  29. Carla is depressed. Her husband has filed for divorce, she has three children under the age of five, and she has been out of the job market for over six years because of a physical disability. Carla is demonstrating a classic example of:
    "depressive realism".
  30. Which of the following is true about the realtionship between gender and depression?
    More children in the household are associated with higher rates of depression in women.
  31. Part of Warren's job as a master's-level intern at a crisis center is to assess suicide risk. With each person, he is expected to find out if the client has a plan or the means to carry out the plan, and decide whether the client should be sent to the hosptial. Warren knows that men and women often present different symptoms when they are depressed and that with regards to suicide:
    "women are 3x as likely to attempt suicide, but men are more likely to succeed".
  32. Cindy lives in an urban slum in a big city. She is in the third grade. _____ best predicts her likelihood of developing depression.
    "a negative life events associated with poverty"
  33. Chronic problems of economic hardship are consistent with the finding that:
    native American have the highest suicide rate of all demographic groups in the United States.
  34. Michael is on trial for murdering his wife. His lawyers claim that he suffers from a dissociative identity disorder and that his alter psychological disorders, Charles, killed the wife w/o Michael's conscious awareness. According to your textbook, what is currently the best way to ascertain if Michael was trying to fake an alternate psychological disorder?
    "determine if there are any psysiological changes when Michael changes to Charles.
  35. Frank believes that he is the fines fisherman ever and that, when he is out on the lake, thousands of people are in the surrounding are with binoculars wathing his every move in the hopes of discovering his technique. This is an example of _____ in schizoprenia.
  36. Judith has been experiencing delusions and hallucinations. She has been gradually withdrawing from human contact and often acts silly, with childlike behaviors. She would most likely be diagnosed with which form of schizophrenia?
  37. Bob has been diagnosed with schizophrenia. He believes that the water company is sending poisonous gases through the drains in his sinks and bathtub. He believes they are doing this because he has ideas for world peace that the president of the United States does not want anyone to know about. Bob displays symptoms of _____ schizophrenia?
  38. I realize that everyone is talking about me, mostly behind my back. Yesterday, i read the paper and found that several reportes were writing specifically for me. I found coded messages in a number of articles which, of course, only i could deciper. This afternoon, my doctor here at the hospital told me that i have been diagnosed as suffering from:
    "paranoid schizophrenia".
  39. Therese is uncomfortable when she isn't the center of attention. She is unusually dramatic, extremely emotional, and tends to overact. If she has a psychological disorders, it is most likely to fall into the:
    "dramatic/emotionally proglematic cluster"
  40. Sophia is preoccupied with schedules, lists, and trivial details. She is inflexible, perfectionistic, and unwilling to delegate tasks to others unless her boss insists. She gets so focused on planning everything down to the last details taht the point of the activity is often lost. Though she is financially secure, she is so devoted to work that she has neither hobbies nor friends and lives as if she is destiture. If she has a psyhological disorder covered in your text, it is most likely to fally into the:
    "chronic-fearfullness/avoidant cluster
  41. Margi has a long-standing pattern of unstable and intense relationships and mood. She has a history of trauma and is sometimes very seductive. She abuses drugs, has threatened suicide several times, and cuts her arms with a razor blade when she feels particularly bad. If she has a Psychological Disorders disorder, it is most likely to fall in to the:
    "dramatic/emotional problematic"