AP English Exam Literature Words

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Zeropro493
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56602
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AP English Exam Literature Words
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2010-12-16 23:05:51
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NCTHS AP English
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English Final Lit Words
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  1. a word free from limitations or qualifications
    absolute
  2. an argument attacking an individual’s character rather than hisor her position on an issue
    ad hominem argument
  3. a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
    allegory
  4. the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines orsentences
    anaphora
  5. a statement in which two opposing ideas are balanced
    antithesis
  6. a construction in which elements are presented in a series without conjunctions
    asyndeton
  7. insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity
    bathos
  8. a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part isstructurally reversed
    chiasmus
  9. the implied or associative meaning of a word
    connotation
  10. a sentence in which the main independent clause is elaborated bythe successive addition of modifying clauses or phrases
    cumulative sentence
  11. having the primary purpose of teaching or instructing
    didactic
  12. harsh, inharmonious, or discordant sounds
    dissonance
  13. a formal poem presenting a meditation on death or another solemn theme
    elegy
  14. the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can bededuced from the context
    ellipsis
  15. a brief, pithy, and often paradoxical saying
    epigram
  16. a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for achapter or other section of a work
    epigraph
  17. a moment of sudden revelation or insight
    epiphany
  18. an inscription on a tombstone or burial place
    epitaph
  19. a term used to point out a characteristic of a person.
    epithet
  20. a formal speech praising a person who has died
    eulogy
  21. an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
    euphemism
  22. an interjection to lend emphasis; sometimes, a profanity
    expletive
  23. a sermon, or a moralistic lecture
    homily
  24. excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
    hubris
  25. intentional exaggeration to create an effect
    hyperbole
  26. deriving general principles from particular facts or instances
    inductive reasoning
  27. an intensely vehement, highly emotional verbal attack
    invective
  28. placing two elements side by side to present a comparison or contrast
    juxtaposition
  29. deviating from normal rules or methods in order to achieve a certain
    literary license
  30. a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
    litotes
  31. the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds
    malapropism
  32. a concise statement, often offering advice; an adage
    maxim
  33. substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
    metonymy
  34. a standard theme, element, or dramatic situation that recurs in various works
    motif
  35. a comment that interrupts the immediate subject, often to qualify or explain
    parenthetical
  36. the quality in a work that prompts the reader to feel pity
    pathos
  37. characterized by an excessive display of learning or scholarship
    pedantic
  38. a strong verbal denunciation. The term comes from the orations of Demosthenes against Philip of Macedonia in the fourth century.
    philippic
  39. the use, for rhetorical effect, of more conjunctions than is necessary or natural
    polysyndeton
  40. the art of presenting ideas in a clear, effective, and persuasive manner
    rhetoric
  41. literary techniques used to heighten the effectiveness of expression
    rhetorical devices
  42. a person or group that bears the blame for another
    scapegoat
  43. nonstandard grammatical usage; a violation of grammatical rules
    solecism
  44. a construction in which one word is used in two different senses
    syllepsis
  45. a three-part deductive argument in which a conclusion is based on a major premise and a minor premise
    syllogism
  46. using one part of an object to represent the entire object (for example, referring to a car simply as “wheels”
    synecdoche
  47. describing one kind of sensation in terms of another
    synesthesia
  48. the manner in which words are arranged into sentences
    syntax
  49. needless repetition which adds no meaning or understanding
    tautology
  50. the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
    thesis
  51. the deliberate representation of something as lesser in magnitude than it actually is; a deliberate under-emphasis.
    understatement

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