Endocrine System

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Author:
kuxpiritu
ID:
56612
Filename:
Endocrine System
Updated:
2010-12-17 00:19:22
Tags:
Pathology
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Description:
Pathology
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  1. THYROID GLAND
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Graves Disease - exophthalmos & proptosis

    • Hypothyroidism
    • Myxedema - adult
    • Cretinism - child

    • Neoplasms
    • Thyroid carcinoma
  2. PARATHYROID GLAND
    • Hyperparathyroidism
    • loss of bone density
    • kidney stones
    • hypercalcemia

    • Hypoparathyroidism
    • muscle and nerve weakness
    • tetany
    • hypocalcemia
  3. ADRENAL CORTEX
    • Hypersecretion
    • Adrenal Virilism - amennorhea, hirsutism,acne, voice deepening
    • Cushing syndrome - obesity, moonface, thoracic fat deposition

    • Hyposecretion
    • Addisson's Disease - deficient mineral and glucocorticoids, hyponatremia, fatigue, weakness, weight loss
  4. ADRENAL MEDULLA
    • Hypersecretion
    • Pheochromocytoma - benign tumor, excess epinephrine, hypertension, palpitation, severe headache, sweating, flushing
  5. PANCREAS
    • Hypersecretion
    • Hyperinsulinism - hypoglycemia, convulsions, fainting

    • Hyposecretion
    • Diabetis mellitus - lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin in promoting sugar, starch and fat metabolism in cells

    • Type 1 : childhood onset
    • Type 2 : adult onset
  6. PITUITARY GLAND
    ANTERIOR LOBE
    • Hypersecretion
    • Acromegaly - thicker bone
    • Gigantism - long-boned

    • Hyposecretion
    • Dwarfism
    • Panhypopituitarism
  7. PITUITARY GLAND
    POSTERIOR LOBE
    • Hypersecretion
    • Syndrome of inappropriate ADH - excessive secretion of ADH, excess water retention

    • Hyposecretion
    • Diabetes Insipidus - deficient ADH, polyuria and polydipsia

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