Chapter 14

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Chapter 14
2010-12-17 22:20:13
Disorders Mind Body

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  1. psychopathology
    a disorder of the mind
  2. etiology
    factors that contribute to the development of a disorder
  3. multiaxial system
    the system used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors
  4. assessment
    in psychology, examination of a person's mental state to diagnose possible psychological disorders
  5. comorbidity
    either the presence of one or more disorders (or diseases) in addition to a primary disease or disorder, or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases
  6. dissociative identity disorder (DID)
    the occurrence of two or more distinct identities in the same individual (multi-personality disorder)
  7. diathesis-stress model
    a diagnostic model that proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precipitating event
  8. family systems model
    a diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family
  9. sociocultural model
    a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures
  10. cognitive-behavioral approach
    a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of learned, maladaptive cognitions
  11. generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
    a diffuse state of constant anxiety not associated with any specific object or event
  12. panic disorder
    an anxiety disorder characterized by sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror
  13. agoraphobia
    an anxiety disorder marked by fear of being in situations in which escape may be difficult or impossible
  14. obsessive-compulisve disorder (OCD)
    an anxiety disorder characterized by frequent intrusive throughts and compulsive actions
  15. major depression
    a disorder characterized by severe negative moods or a lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities
  16. dysthymia
    a form of depression that is not severe enough to be diagnosed as major depression
  17. bipolar disorder
    a mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania
  18. learned helplessness model
    a cognitive model of depression in which people feel unable to control events around them
  19. schizophrenia
    a mental disorder characterized by alterations in perceptions, emotions, thoughts, or consciousness
  20. positive symptoms
    symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions and hallucinations, that are excesses in behavior
  21. negative symptoms
    symptoms of schizophrenia marked by deficits in functioning such as apathy, lack of emotion, and slowed speech and movement
  22. delusions
    false personal beliefs based on incorrect inferences about reality
  23. hallucinations
    false sensory perceptions that are experienced without an external source
  24. loosening of associations
    a speech pattern among schizophrenic patients in which their thoughts are disorganized or meaningless
  25. disorganized behavior
    acting in strange or unusual ways, including strange movement of limbs, bizarre speech, and inappropriate self-care, such as failing to dress properly or bathe
  26. borderline personality disorder
    a personality disorder characterized by identity, affective, and impulsive disturbances
  27. antisocial personality disorder
    a personality disorder marked by a lack of empathy and remorse
  28. autism
    a developmental disorder involving deficits in social interaction, impaired communication, and restricted interests
  29. attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
    a disorder characterized by restless, inattentive, and impulsive behaviors