MED-Charcoal

Card Set Information

Author:
amerelman
ID:
56717
Filename:
MED-Charcoal
Updated:
2010-12-18 10:27:52
Tags:
MED Charcoal
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Description:
MED-Charcoal
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  1. Functional Class
    Adsorbant
  2. Mechanism of Action
    Fine black powder that acts by binding and adsorbing ingested drugs/toxins/chemicals present in the GI tract inhibiting their absorption and thus, bioavailability. Acts as an efficient adsorber due to its large surface area. Once bound, the combined complex is excreted in the feces.
  3. Indications
    Acute posion ingestion
  4. Contraindications
    Poisonings by: cyanide, mineral acids, cautic alkalis, organic solvents, iron, ethanol, methanol.
  5. Precautions
    • Protect airway and monitor mental status and vitals
    • Use caution in AMS unless nasogastric tube is in place and airway is protected
  6. Side Effects
    • N/V
    • Abdominal cramps
    • Abdominal bloating
    • Constipation
    • Diarrhea
  7. Interactions
    Do not administer at the same time as syrup of ipecac. Nullifies effects of charcoal
  8. Dose and Route
    1 g/kg PO/NG/OG mixed with 6-8 oz of water to form slurry

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