More CLST 333

Card Set Information

Author:
annzors
ID:
56889
Filename:
More CLST 333
Updated:
2010-12-20 02:05:54
Tags:
CLST Greek religion
Folders:

Description:
Festivals, terms, people
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user annzors on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Herodotus
    • first major prose work
    • believe things works they way the gods have wanted it
    • raised the idea that Greeks may have got their gods from Egypt
  2. Thucydides
    • ooposite to Herodotus
    • doesn't believe in prophecies
    • wrote about mutilation of the Herms and profanation of the Mysteries
  3. Pausanias
    • writing in the Roman period
    • tourist guide to Greece
    • after Homer
  4. Xenophon
    • wrote about traditions
    • tells what to ask god and what and when to do so
    • rich young man hung out with Socrates, Plato
    • free-lance: able to interpret (flight of bird, entrails, song, liver condition, weather: thunder vs eclipse, etc)
  5. Aristotle
    wrote about Athenian government
  6. Callimachus
    wrote more hymns
  7. Plutarch
    wrote biographies
  8. Gaia + Ouranos (sky)
    Titans: Rhea, Kronos, etc.
    Beginning of Theogony...
  9. Zeus
    • god of hospitality
    • Paris commited offence when he was a gueat and took Menelaus' wife
    • has a festival every 4 years
  10. Poseidon
    • horsemanship
    • seamanship
    • father of Theseus (one of the kings of Athens)
  11. Apollo
    • son of Leto (Titan) and Zeus
    • laurel tree, lyre, prophecy, health and healing, archery
    • born in Delos - major festival
    • & at Delphi - where he defeated Python = becomes a man
    • sun god
    • hymn to Apollo
  12. Hermes
    • protects heralds
    • trickster, thief
    • can conduct the dead
  13. Hephaestus
    • recent god
    • son of Hera, no sex
    • blacksmith, artist
    • associated with Prometheus
    • parent of Athenian king
    • husband of Aphrodite
  14. Dionysus
    • born from Zeus' thigh
    • also stands for transverstism
    • murder and dismemberment of kids
    • w/ Demeter, important god of agriculture
    • festival of Dionysus - spends a night with the queen
    • AKA BACCHUS
  15. Hera
    • goddess of marriage
    • on Melenaus' side vs Aprodite/Paris
  16. Athena
    • war goddess
    • olive tree, oil
    • virgin
  17. Deukalion
    survivor, ancestor of Noah('s ark)
  18. Pelops
    • Pindar - end of Bronze, before Trojan
    • hero cult
    • wants to get married, father makes chariot race
    • Poseidon owes him a favor, got horses with wings
    • won and had 6 sons, making lineage
    • dismembered by dad - fed to the gods
  19. Erechtheus
    • Homer
    • king of Athens, raised by Athena
    • born from the Earth, Hephaistos
    • rams and bulls sacrifice
  20. Medea's children
    • killed her own children
    • cults formed for the kids
  21. Asclepius
    healer
  22. Hippolytos
    • play - never reached adulthood
    • death punishment from Artemis?
    • cult formed - girls cut their hair and sing for him
    • EURIPIDES
    • ANOTHER SOURCE: devote to Artemis
    • Aphrodite jealous, led his death
    • fell of chariot, dragged to death
  23. Curse of Alcmeouidar
    • Herodotus
    • Thucydides
    • Plutarch
  24. Thetis
    Achilles's mother
  25. Delos
    • where Apollo was born
    • free of miasma (births, deaths, sex, murder, etc.)
  26. Bothroc
    • a pit
    • size of cupid?: elbow to finger (1.5 ft)
    • can be used to pour libation
  27. Oikos
    household
  28. Phratry
    borhterhood
  29. Genos
    clan
  30. Deme
    village, town
  31. Polis
    city-state
  32. Amphidroma
    • ritual once child reaches the age of 10
    • big feast to welcome new fam member
  33. APATOURIA
    • father introduces son to phratry
    • festival were reigstration takes place
  34. Apella
    • another party for boy - adult
    • uncut hair
  35. Role of women
    • washing clothes + corpses + sing
    • profession mourners
    • corpse are found outside city
  36. Aphrodite
    acts of blood and killing
  37. Solon
    • great reformer
    • policices reduces aristocracu
    • changing Athens into a democratic city
    • made a calendar, did not survive
  38. Peisistratos
    • politician, tyrant
    • from the lower class - ideas favour that class
    • came to power by riding chariot w/ "Athena/Aphrodite"
    • made Panathenaia festival major
    • made definitive form of Homeric epic
  39. PANATHENAIA FESTIVAL
    • NEW YEAR FESTIVAL
    • Hekatombaion month
    • biggest festival in Athens
    • birthday of Athena
  40. Kleishthenes
    • reformer - father of Athenian democracy
    • help "form" new heroes and 10 tribes (choosen by Apollo)
    • system went from Athens divided into 4 to 10 tribes
    • list sent to Delphi
    • breaking of the royalty, all fair game for tribe to be chosen
  41. Enthousiasmos
    • possesion of a god
    • god within you
  42. Oedipus [ed-ee-pus]
    • marries his mother
    • kills his father, but does not know those are his parents
    • prophecy of his story
  43. Delphi
    • where Zeus' "rock" - tourist attraction
    • new cult of Apollo
    • prophets are there
  44. XenophANES
    • ancient philosopher, poet, religious critic
    • rejects divination (knowledge of superstition, gods, etc)
    • noticed that humans have morality but not the gods
  45. Pithoigia
    jar opening
  46. Choes
    • jugs / pitchers
    • drinking of wine jugs
  47. Chytori
    troi - POTS
  48. Dionysos Lenaios
    • Lenaia festival
    • winter
    • "D's stuff"
  49. Dionysos en limnais
    in the marshes
  50. ATHESTERIA FESTIVAL
    • 3 day festival
    • spring time (flowers bursting) - new vinage
    • Elaphebolion: month (12th)
    • 1) jar opening: pithoigia - tasing wine mixed w/ water
    • 2) day of jugs: choes - silent drinking contest, prize is prostitute
    • 3) chytori
  51. Skirophorion
    YEAR END FESTIVAL
  52. THESMOPHORIA
    • Demeter festival
    • sacrifice of pigs - thesmos
    • 1) Andos: "going up", Kore going up, women going up hill
    • 2) Nesteia: "fasting" - weeping of Kore (not eating, sitting, etc.)
    • 3) Kalligeneia: "fair birth" goddess, no myths, prayer for good outcome for pregnancy - care of the little boy
  53. Kykeon
    only source of nutrient Demeter takes
  54. AISCHROLOGIA
    • women being verbal abusive
    • relates to housemaid telling dirty joke to Demeter
  55. Autochthonous
    • reptilian of the earth
    • native to Athenian land
  56. Bacchae, Maenads
    • myth of women who leave all their duties behind
    • live in the wild like animals
    • has strength to tear animals
  57. Theseus
    slayer of minotaur
  58. Attica
    • calendar
    • parts of it from Solon
  59. Epimenides
    • purified Athens from Alcmeonidae curse
    • PLutarch
  60. Marathon vow
    goat for Athena
  61. "Wooden wall" prophecy
    prophecy for Athenians to win war, they must use ships
  62. Kimon
    • brought home bones of Theseus
    • part of Aristocratic family
  63. Periclean
    • racialist, furious about people putting beliefs into superstition, oracles, etc.
    • used rational reason to explain the plague
  64. Psyche
    breath > life > shades, ghost > soul
  65. Death - Homer Odysseys
    • Odyseus goes to underworld
    • digs hole, does rituals
    • finds mom in underworld (didn't know she died)
    • tried hugging her
  66. Death
    - in Iliad
    - Achilles
    - Hesiod
    • Iliad: men died in Trojan War > last breath, cannot come back once it leaves the teeth barriar
    • man appears to Achilles, tells of a river to get to Hades' realm
    • Cerberus (3 headed dog) @ gates
  67. Tantalus
    • man who killed his son Pelops, try to feed the gods
    • Demeter ate, depressed over Kore
    • gods punished him, that water and food would recede away from him
  68. Isles of the blest
    Plutarch
  69. Aristophanes
    • wrote Clouds
    • about Socrates, making fun of intellectuals (pale, skinny, knowing answers to questions ppl dont need to know)
    • Socrates = whipping boy
    • orginally ended with play with Sophists winning
    • changed the ending, Athenians burning down the establishment
    • science is discredited
    • is there a Zeus?
  70. Alcibiades or Alkibiades
    • pupil of Socrates
    • charged with mutilation oof Hermes
    • Anaxagoras Trial
    • by Plutarch
    • ppl pretending to carry out Eleusis mysteries
  71. Polygnotus
    • painter
    • did painting of Odysseus among the dead
  72. Pythagoras
    • Ionian, mathematician, scientist, teacher
    • taught reincarnation
    • started the story, when a dog was being beaten, told the abuser that it was his friend reincarnated
  73. Pythagorean life
    • vegetarians possibly - cannot eat animals - another's soul
    • women were treated equally
    • avoided wine?
    • 5 year vow of silence
  74. Mystics
    group of people with special knowledge
  75. PINDAR
    • wrote odes when people won a contest
    • Panhellenic, Olympian games, Atheletic and muscial festival
    • poets are hired to celebrate victory
  76. Soma = Sema
    Body
  77. Mysticism vs Pythgoreans vs Orphism
    all believe in reincarnation
  78. Anthropology - how do people come to believe in gods
    • from basic elements: sun water, wind, etc.
    • anyone who taught humans a skill, were made into a god
    • (e.g. agriculuter, wine, sea, fire)
  79. Hercules
    - important to Mystics
    - overcame death
    - doing other people's work
    • myth hero, saga, son of Zeus
    • miserable life, 12 labours
    • >killed by his wife by accident (poison burning his skin)
    • request to be taken to Mount Oiyta to be burned at altar
    • resurrects and goes to heaven with new wife
  80. PRODICUS or Prodikos
    • Sophist
    • no actually writing but quotes
    • wrote about Hercules chosing between two paths
    • Virtue vs Vice
  81. Socrates
    • all quoted from Plato
    • jury condemn him to death because he was not religious
    • friends with Critius or Kritos: who was a villian
  82. Skirophoria
    • 2 princesses of Athens in Acropolis
    • women are in charge
  83. Plato
    • mathematician and astronomer
    • saw pattern in weather, sky, etc,
    • rejects the truth of Greek mths
    • Hesiod and Homer stories must be removed
    • (Zeus over throwing Kronos, battle of the giants

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview