World Civ Semester Exam

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Author:
shooba17
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56986
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World Civ Semester Exam
Updated:
2010-12-21 09:52:35
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World Civilization
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renaissance-exploration-absolutism-scientific revolution
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  1. results of the printing press
    rapid spread of ideas
  2. Machiavelli's The Prince (plot line)
    a ruler doing whatever it takes to stay in power
  3. Why did Henry VIII break from the church
    to divorce his wife
  4. first book printed on the printing press
    Bible
  5. Why were the people critisizing the Church in the early 1500's
    Too worldly, too interested in wealth
  6. Renaissance schoholars were interested in studying this
    Ancient Greece and Rome
  7. Renaissance writer with the most far reaching influence
    Martin Luther
  8. Ideas of the renaissance were spread by this invention
    printing press
  9. Martin Luther's teachings
    faith
  10. Thomas More wrote
    Utopia
  11. What is a sonnet?
    14 line love poem
  12. What is a fresco?
    Painting on wet plaster
  13. Machiavelli wrote
    The Prince
  14. what is satire?
    form of comedy
  15. What did the council of Trent do?
    ended the sale of indulgences
  16. What was the index?
    list of banned books
  17. what did perspective add to art?
    depth
  18. What did oil paints do to art
    made them more colorful and vibrant
  19. what was the Inquisition?
    church court; to find heretics
  20. What is a patron?
    wealthy people who hired artists
  21. What is simony?
    buying/ selling of church positions?
  22. what is usury?
    money making money
  23. what is an indulgence?
    selling forgiveness of sins
  24. What does recant mean?
    to take back
  25. City of God
    Geneva
  26. birthplace of the Renaissance
    Florence
  27. Luther posted the 95 Theses here
    Wittenberg
  28. Luther was excommunicated here
    Worms
  29. Headquarters of the Catholic Church
    The Vatican
  30. common language of the area
    vernacular
  31. someone who goes against church teachings
    heretic
  32. cut off from the church
    excommunicated
  33. studied ancient greece and rome
    humanist
  34. government leader is the religious leader as well
    theocracy
  35. Cervantes wrote
    Don Quixote
  36. Donatello made
    The Bronze David
  37. father of humanism
    Petrarch
  38. Van Eyck created
    The Arnolfini Wedding
  39. Michelangelo created
    The Ceiling of the Sistine Chapek
  40. Ghiberti created
    The Gates of Paradise
  41. Brunelleschi created
    Dome of Florence
  42. Explorer who covered the most distance
    Magellan
  43. What did the American Colonies provide
    raw materials; markets for finished materials
  44. changes in business due to exploration
    commercial revolution
  45. idea that there are limited resources in the world and you have to go get them
    mercantilism
  46. gold and silver (precious metals)
    bullion
  47. why did they buy insurance
    exploration was risky
  48. drawn by the Pope, ended fighting between Spain and Portugal
    Line of Demarcation
  49. moved line of Demarcation west
    Treaty of Tordesillas
  50. First European country to explore
    Portugal
  51. Why did europeans need slaves from Africa
    natives of the Americas died from disease
  52. 1st englishman to circumnavigate the globe; second person to circumnavigate the globe
    Sir Francis Drake
  53. explored Canada and the St. Lawrence River
    Cartier
  54. invades Peru
    Pizarro
  55. 1st to reach India by water
    De Gama
  56. opened a school of Navigation
    Prince Henry
  57. 1st to circumnavigate the globe
    Magellan
  58. reached the southern tip of Africa; Cape of Good Hope
    Dias
  59. defeated the Aztecs
    Cortes
  60. fleet of ships that went after england
    spanish armada
  61. source of wealth for spain in the age of exploration
    American colonies
  62. power given by God
    divine right
  63. Spain was at its highest point in the
    Golden Century
  64. longest ruling monarch in european history
    Louis XIV
  65. most powerful spanish monarch
    Phillip II
  66. allowed princes to choose between protestantism and catholicism
    Peace of Augsburg
  67. disected human cadavers
    Vesalius
  68. discovered by Robert Hooke
    cells
  69. calculus is invented by
    Newton
  70. people who tried to turn ordinary metals into Gold
    alchemists
  71. inventor of geocentric theory
    Ptolemy
  72. Oxygen; combustion
    Lavoisier
  73. first microscope
    Leeuwenhoek
  74. gravity, calculus, The Principia
    Newton
  75. developed heliocentric theory
    Copernicus
  76. proved heliocnetric theory using math
    Kepler
  77. observed blood and heart
    Harvey
  78. Oxygen, CO2, carbonated drinks
    Priestly

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