SOPC - Exam 1 - CH. 4
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Acquiescence (p. 100)
The tendency for some people to agree with statements regardless of their content.
Archival Research (p. 101)
Research in which data are analyzed from existing records.
Such as census reports, court records, or personal letters.
Checklist (p. 85)
A measuring instrument on which a rate indicates whether particular behaviors have been observed.
Computerized Experience Sampling Methods (p. 97)
The use of small portable computers or personal digital assistants to allow participants to record information about experiences in their daily lives soon after they happen.
Content Analysis (p. 103)
Procedures used to convert written or spoken information into data that can be analyzed and interpreted.
Contrived Observation (p. 81)
The observation of behavior in settings that have been arranged specifically for observing and recording behavior.
Diary Methodolgy (p. 97)
Data collection in which participants keep a daily record of their behavior, thoughts, or feelings.
Disguised Observation (p. 83)
Observing participants' behavior without their knowledge.
Duration (p. 86)
Amount of time that a particular reaction lasts from start to finish.
A measure of the amount of time that a particular reaction lasts from its onset to conclusion.
Experience Sampling Methods (ESM) (p. 97)
Data collecting in which participants record information about their thoughts, emotions, or behaviors as they occur in everyday life.
Field Notes (p. 85)
A researcher's narrative record of a participant's behavior.
fMRI (Fuctional Magnetic Resonance Imaging) (p. 89)
Brain imaging technology that allows researchers to view the structure and activity of the brain.
Used to study the relationship between brain activity and psychological phenomena such as perception, thought, and emotion.
Interbehavior Latency (p. 86)
The time between the occureence of two behaviors.
Interview (p. 90)
A method of data collection in which reponsents respond verbally to a researcher's questions.
Interview Schedule (p. 98)
The series of questions and accompanying response formats that guides an interviewer's line of questioning during an interview.
Knowledgeable Informat (p. 83)
Someone who knows a participant well enough to report on his or her behavior.
Latency (p. 86)
Time between an event and a behavior.
The amount of time that elapses between a particular event and a behavior.
Narrative Record (p. 85)
A full description of a participant's behavior as it occurs.
Naturalistic Observation (p. 80)
Observation of behavior as it occurs naturally with no intrusion or intervention by the reseacher.
Nay-saying (p. 100)
The tendency for some participants to disagree with statements on questionaires or in interviews regardless of the content.
Neuroimaging (p. 89)
Techniques, such as fMRI and PET, that allow reseachers to see images of the structure and activity of the brain.
Neuroscience (p. 88)
An interdisciplinary field involving chemistry, biology, psychology, and other disciplines that involve the nervous system.
Within psychology, neuroscientists study how processes occurring in the nervous system are related to sensation, perception, thought, emotion, and behavoir.
Neuroscientific Measure (p. 88)
A measure that assesses processes occurring in the brain or other parts of the nervous system; also called a psychophysicological measure.
Observational Method (p. 80)
A measurement approach that involves the direct observation of behavior.
Participant Observation (p. 81)
Data collection in which researchers engage in the same activities as the particpants they are observing.
Psychophysiological Measure (p. 88)
A measure that assesses processes occurring in the brain or other parts of the nervous system.
Questionnaire (p. 90)
A method of data collection in which respondents provide written ansers to written questions.
Reaction Time (p. 86)
The time that elapses between a stimulus and a participant's response to that stimulus.
Reactivity (p. 83)
The phenomenon that occurs when a participant's knowledge that he or she is being studied affects his or her responses.
Response Format (p. 91)
The manner in which respondents indicate their answers to questions.
Social Desirability Response Bias (p. 100)
The tendency for people to distort their responses in a manner that portrays them in a postive light.
Task Completion Time (p. 86)
The amount of time it takes a research participant to complete a test, problem, or other task.
Undisguised Observation (p. 82)
Observing participants with their knowledge of being observed.
Unobtrusive Measure (p. 83)
A dependent variable that can be measured without affecting participants' responses.
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