Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Defense - Chapter 113
1. What does the NATO marker for a chemical agent look like to include shape, color, and wording?
Triangle; yellow back ground with red lettering; says gas (should have name of agent an date/time)
2. What does the NATO marker for a biological agent look like to include shape, color, and wording?
Triangle; blue background with red letters; says bio (should have name of agent and time/date)
3. What does the NATO marker for a radiological area look like to include shape, color, and wording?
Triangle; white background with black letters; says atom (should have dose rate, date/time of reading, date/ time of burst)
4. What does the NATO marker for a chemical minefield look like to include shape, color, and wording?
Triangle; red background with yellow lettering and stripe; says gas mines (chemical agent in mine and date of emplacement)
5. What is the standard issue field protective mask?
6. What is the vocal alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
Gas, gas, gas
7. What is the visual alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
Make fists with both hands and extend them out to sides, bring to shoulders and back out three times
8. What is the percussion alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
Metal on metal
9. Give other types of alarms could be used for a chemical/biological attack.
Sirens, intermittent horns, bio/chemical alarms, other units per units SOP
10. Explain the procedure for donning your field protective mask.
With straps across front of mask, put face in mask cover outlet valve and exhale sharply, cover inlet valve and inhale(face mask should collapse against yours), pull straps over back of head and fasten
11. How long do you do you have to don and clear your mask?
12. How long do you have after donning your mask to put your hood in place?
13. What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
14. How many levels of MOPP are there?
15. How is M9 detector paper used? How do you know if it is in contact with contamination?
Apply the tape to wrists/ankles/biceps, the color will change to light pink to reddish brown or violet
16. How is M8 detector paper used? How do you know if it is in contact with contamination?
Tear out a sheet and dip it in suspect liquid, compare it to the colors on the inside cover of the packet
17. How long M8 and M9 detector paper take to detect a chemical agent?
18. How long does it take for the M256A1 to detect/identify chemical agents?
19. What is the advantage of the M256A1 over the M8/M9 detector paper?
It can detect vapors
20. What is MOPP ready?
Marine carries his mask
21. Describe the attire for MOPP two.
Over garment worn open or closed, booties worn, mask carried, gloves carried
22. Describe the attire for MOPP three?
Over garment worn open or closed, booties worn, mask worn with hood open or closed, gloves carried
23. What are the three levels of decontamination?
Immediate, operational, thorough
24. Who performs immediate decontamination? What are they performing it on?
Individual/crew; skin decon/operator spray down
25. Who performs thorough decontamination? What are they performing it on?