FMF - Chapter 113

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FMF - Chapter 113
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Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Defense - Chapter 113
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  1. 1. What does the NATO marker for a chemical agent look like to include shape, color, and wording?
    Triangle; yellow back ground with red lettering; says gas (should have name of agent an date/time)
  2. 2. What does the NATO marker for a biological agent look like to include shape, color, and wording?
    Triangle; blue background with red letters; says bio (should have name of agent and time/date)
  3. 3. What does the NATO marker for a radiological area look like to include shape, color, and wording?
    Triangle; white background with black letters; says atom (should have dose rate, date/time of reading, date/ time of burst)
  4. 4. What does the NATO marker for a chemical minefield look like to include shape, color, and wording?
    Triangle; red background with yellow lettering and stripe; says gas mines (chemical agent in mine and date of emplacement)
  5. 5. What is the standard issue field protective mask?
    M40
  6. 6. What is the vocal alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
    Gas, gas, gas
  7. 7. What is the visual alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
    Make fists with both hands and extend them out to sides, bring to shoulders and back out three times
  8. 8. What is the percussion alarm for a chemical/biological attack?
    Metal on metal
  9. 9. Give other types of alarms could be used for a chemical/biological attack.
    Sirens, intermittent horns, bio/chemical alarms, other units per units SOP
  10. 10. Explain the procedure for donning your field protective mask.
    With straps across front of mask, put face in mask cover outlet valve and exhale sharply, cover inlet valve and inhale(face mask should collapse against yours), pull straps over back of head and fasten
  11. 11. How long do you do you have to don and clear your mask?
    9 seconds
  12. 12. How long do you have after donning your mask to put your hood in place?
    6 seconds
  13. 13. What does MOPP stand for?
    Mission Oriented Protective Posture
  14. 14. How many levels of MOPP are there?
    6
  15. 15. How is M9 detector paper used? How do you know if it is in contact with contamination?
    Apply the tape to wrists/ankles/biceps, the color will change to light pink to reddish brown or violet
  16. 16. How is M8 detector paper used? How do you know if it is in contact with contamination?
    Tear out a sheet and dip it in suspect liquid, compare it to the colors on the inside cover of the packet
  17. 17. How long M8 and M9 detector paper take to detect a chemical agent?
    Within seconds
  18. 18. How long does it take for the M256A1 to detect/identify chemical agents?
    15 minutes
  19. 19. What is the advantage of the M256A1 over the M8/M9 detector paper?
    It can detect vapors
  20. 20. What is MOPP ready?
    Marine carries his mask
  21. 21. Describe the attire for MOPP two.
    Over garment worn open or closed, booties worn, mask carried, gloves carried
  22. 22. Describe the attire for MOPP three?
    Over garment worn open or closed, booties worn, mask worn with hood open or closed, gloves carried
  23. 23. What are the three levels of decontamination?
    Immediate, operational, thorough
  24. 24. Who performs immediate decontamination? What are they performing it on?
    Individual/crew; skin decon/operator spray down
  25. 25. Who performs thorough decontamination? What are they performing it on?
    Decon platoon/unit; detailed equipment/aircraft decon, detailed troop decon
  26. 26. What is the immediate action for a nuclear attack with your weapon?
    Drop face down, head toward blast, close eyes, put hands/arms under or near body covering exposed skin, place weapon beside or under body with muzzle away from your face
  27. 27. What do nerve agents look and smell like?
    Almost colorless and odorless
  28. 28. How do nerve agents interact with the body?
    Interfere with normal transmission of nerve impulses
  29. 29. Give five of the eleven signs and symptoms of nerve agent exposure?
    Constricted pupils, muscular twitching, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, diarrhea, vomiting, convulsions, hypersalivation, drowsiness, coma, and unconsciousness
  30. 30. What is each member of the Navy and Marine Corps issued to treat for nerve agents?
    Three sets of 2mg atropine and 600mg 2-PAM CL auto injectors
  31. 31. Can you give the treatment for nerve agents as a prophylaxis prior to an attack?
    No
  32. 32. What is the max number of doses of nerve agent antidote that non medical personnel may administer during self or buddy aid?
    Three sets of atropine and 2-PAM CL
  33. 33. What is the max dose of nerve agent antidote that medical personnel may administer?
    Until mild atropinization (noted by tachycardia and dry mouth)
  34. 34. What are the three types of blister agents listed in the book?
    • -Mustard (HD),
    • -Nitrogen Mustard (HN),
    • -Lewisite (L)
  35. 37. What is the most vulnerable part of the body to mustard gas?
    The eyes
  36. 38. What is the first noticeable symptom to mustard gas?
    Pain and gritty feeling in the eyes
  37. 39. What is the primary cause of death from mustard gas exposure?
    Massive edema and mechanical pulmonary obstruction
  38. 40. Which blister agent is light to dark brown and arsenic-based?
    Lewisite
  39. 41. How long does it take to feel the effects of this arsenical blister agent?
    Instantly with contact
  40. 42. What treatment can be given for this agent when there is systemic involvement?
    British Anti-Lewisite (BAL) dimercaprol
  41. 43. What are the two types of blood agents?
    • -Hydrocyanic acid (AC)
    • -Cyanogen chloride (CK)
  42. 44. How do blood agents interact with the body?
    Interfere with oxygen transfer in the blood
  43. 45. What normally takes place rapidly after exposure to a blood agent?
    Either death or recovery
  44. 46. What are the two suggested treatments for blood agent exposure?
    • -Amyl nitrate (crush ampoules)
    • - 100-200mg/kg Sodium Thiosulfate by IV
  45. 47. What do blood agents smell like?
    Almonds
  46. 48. What are the two choking agents listed in the book?
    • -Phosgene (CG)
    • -Chlorine (CL)
  47. 49. What is the color and smell of a choking agent?
    Colorless; new mown hay or freshly cut grass
  48. 50. How long after exposure to a choking agent to symptoms generally appear?
    2-6 hours
  49. 51. Of the seven symptoms of a choking agent listed in the book, give four.
    • -Rapid/shallow/labored breathing,
    • -painful cough, cyanosis,
    • -frothy sputum,
    • -clammy skin,
    • - rapid feeble pulse,
    • -low blood pressure
  50. 52. What is the treatment for a choking agent?
    Give oxygen and treat symptomatically
  51. 53. What is the incapacitating agent used by the U.S.?
    3-quinuclidinyl benzilate (BZ)
  52. 54. What are incapacitating agents and what do they do?
    Psychochemicals; produce mental confusion and inability to function intelligently
  53. 55. When do symptoms of incapacitating agents appear and how long can they last?
    30 minutes-several hours; can persist for days
  54. 56. What are three of the complaints that a victim of an incapacitating agent may have?
    • -Delusions,
    • -hallucinations,
    • -dizziness,
    • -muscular incoordination,
    • -dry mouth,
    • -difficulty swallowing
  55. 57. What is the first aid for a victim of incapacitating agents? What is the drug therapy?
    Prevent them from injuring themselves or others; physostigmine
  56. 58. What are the two classes of riot control/harassment agents?
    Lacrimators and vomiting agents
  57. 59. Which class causes intense pain in the eyes and excessive tearing?
    Lacrimators
  58. 60. What are the two principle agents in this class?
    -Chloracetophenone (CN) -Othrochlorobenzildine Malanonitrile(CS)
  59. 61. Which class of agent produces a strong pepper like irritation in the upper respiratory tract, as well as uncontrollable sneezing, coughing, nausea, and a general feeling of malaise?
    Vomiting agents
  60. 62. What are the three principle agents in this class?
    • -Adamsite (DM),
    • -diphenylchororoasine (DA),
    • -diphenylcyanoarsine (DC)
  61. 63. What will help lessen or shorten the symptoms of these agents?
    Carry on with duties as vigorously as possible (PT)
  62. 64. What are screening smokes primarily used for?
    Obscure vision
  63. 65. What is WP?
    White Phosphorus
  64. 66. What is the treatment for WP when it contacts the skin?
    Cover with water, wet cloth, or mud
  65. 67. How does WP react with air?
    It gives of a hot, dense, white smoke, and will burn the skin if in contact with it

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