Card Set Information

2010-12-31 13:59:13

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  1. cardi/o
  2. atri/o
  3. ventricul/o
    cavity, ventricle
  4. valv/o, valvul/o
  5. angi/o
  6. vas/o, vascul/o
    vessel, duct
  7. arter/o, arteri/o
  8. arteriol/o
  9. aort/o
  10. ven/o, ven/i, phleb/o
  11. lymph/o
    lymph, lymphatic system
  12. lymphaden/o
    lymph node
  13. lymphangi/o
    lymphatic vessel
  14. splen/o
  15. thym/o
    thymus gland
  16. tonsill/o
  17. ACE
    angiotensin-converting enzyme
  18. AED
    automated external defibrillator
  19. AF
    atrial fibrillation
  20. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  21. APC
    atrial premature complex
  22. AR
    aortic regurgitation
  23. AS
    aortic senosis; arteriosclerosis
  24. ASCVD
    arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
  25. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  26. ASHD
    arteriosclerotic heart disease
  27. AT
    atrial tachycardia
  28. AV
  29. BBB
    bundle branch block ( left or right)
  30. BP
    blood pressure
  31. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  32. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  33. CCU
    coronary/cardiac care unit
  34. CHD
    coronary heart disease
  35. CHF
    congestive heart failure
  36. CK-MB
    Creatine kinase MB
  37. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  38. CVA
    Cerebrovascular accident
  39. CVD
    cardiovascular disease
  40. CVI
    chronic venous insufficiency
  41. CVP
    central venous pressure
  42. DOE
    dyspnea on exertion
  43. DVT
    deep vein thrombosis
  44. ECG ( EKG)
  45. HDL
    high-density lipoprotein
  46. HTN
  47. IABP
    intraaortic balloon pump
  48. ICD
    implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  49. IVCD
    intraventricular conduction delay
  50. JVP
    jugular venous pulse
  51. LAD
    left anterior descending ( coronary artery)
  52. LAHB
    left anterior hemiblock
  53. LDL
    low-density lipoprotein
  54. LV
    left ventricle
  55. LVAD
    left ventricular assist device
  56. LVED
    left ventricular end-diastolic pressure
  57. LVH
    left ventricular hypertrophy
  58. MI
    myocardial infarction
  59. mmHG
    millimetres of mercury
  60. MR
    mitral regurgitation, reflux
  61. MS
    mitral stenosis
  62. MUGA
    multigated acquistion ( scan)
  63. MVP
    mitral valve prolapse
  64. MVP
    mitral valve replacement
  65. NSP
    normal sinus rhythm
  66. P
  67. PAC
    premature atrial contraction
  68. PAP
    pulmonary arterial pressure
  69. PCI
    percutaneous coronary intervention
  70. PCWP
    pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
  71. PMI
    point of maximal impulse
  72. PSVT
    paroxysmal supreventricular tachycardia
  73. PTCA
    percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
  74. PVC
    premature ventricular contraction
  75. PVD
    peripheral vascular disease
  76. PYP
    pyrophosphate (scan)
  77. S1
    First heart sound
  78. S2
    Second heart sound
  79. SA
    sinoatrial ( pacemaker, sets heart beat)
  80. SBE
    subacute bacterial endocarditis
  81. SK
  82. SVT
    supraventricular tachycardia
  83. 99mTc
  84. TEE
    transesophageal echocardiography
  85. Tn
  86. tPA
    tissue plasminogen activator
  87. VAD
    ventricular assist device
  88. VF, v fib
    Ventricular fibrillation
  89. VLDL
    very-low-density lipoprotein
  90. VPC
    Ventricular premature complex
  91. VT
    ventricular tachycardia
  92. VTE
    venous thromboembolism
  93. WPW
    wolff-parkinson-white syndrome
  94. VSD
    ventricular septal defect
  95. aneurysm
    localised dilatation of a vessel
  96. asystole
    absence of a heartbeat
  97. thrombosis
    formation of a blood clot in a vessel
  98. varix
    twisted and swollen vessel
  99. steptokinase
    drug used to dissolve blood clots
  100. triglyceride
    simple fat
  101. blood returning to the heart from the lungs enters the chamber called the
    left atrium
  102. Blood Flow through the heart
    • R atrium receives blood low in oxygen from all tissues through the sup.vena cave and inf. vena cava.
    • 2. the blood then enters the r ventricle and is pumped to the lungs through the pulmonary artery.
    • 3. blood returns from lungs with oxygen and enters the L atrium through the pulmonary veins
    • 4. blood enters the L ventricle adn is forcefully pumped into the aorta to be distributed to all tissues.
  103. At it`s termination in the abdomen, the aorta devides into the right and left
    common iliac arteries
  104. The large vein that drains the head is the
  105. veins- high in oxygen
    arteries - low in oxygen
  106. The right lymphatic duct and the thoracic duct drain into the
    subclavian veins