Kitslam's Common Diseases

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Kitslam's Common Diseases
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2010-12-31 00:28:07
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  1. Scarlet Fever
    • Scarlet fever is an infection that is caused by group A streptococcus, the same bacteria that causes strep throat.
    • Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina, is basically strep throat that
    • includes a rash. It occurs mainly in children under the age of 18.
  2. What Is Pneumonia:
    • Pneumonia is an
    • infection or inflammation of the lungs. It can affect just one section
    • of your lungs (lobar pneumonia) or sections throughout both lungs
    • (bronchopneumonia). When you have pneumonia, air sacs in your lungs fill
    • with pus or other liquid and oxygen has trouble reaching your blood.
  3. What Is Salmonella?
    • Salmonella is a type of bacteria. There are many types of salmonella
    • bacteria, but the type that commonly causes food poisoning is known
    • medically as non-typhoidial salmonallae, which lives in the
    • intestinal tracts of humans and other animals. It typically causes
    • illnesses in humans when it is transmitted through foods contaminated
    • with animal or human feces.

    • How Do You Get Salmonella?
    • Most people associate salmonella infection (salmonellosis) with raw
    • or undercooked poultry or meat, but it can be found on fruits and
    • vegetables that are not cooked or washed properly as well. A food
    • handler may also spread salmonella to foods if they do not properly wash
    • their hands after using the bathroom.
    • Salmonella may be found in the feces of some pets, especially
    • those with diarrhea. Reptiles such as turtles, lizards and snakes are
    • the most likely pets to be carrying salmonella.

    • Symptoms of Salmonella
    • The symptoms of salmonellosis are similar to those of a stomach virus. They include:
    • Diarrhea
    • Fever
    • Stomach cramps
    • Vomiting (occasionally)
  4. Cellulite
    • Cellulite is a topographic skin change claimed to occur in most postpubertal females.[1] It presents as a modification of skin topography evident by skin dimpling and nodularity that occurs mainly in women on the pelvic region, lower limbs, and abdomen, and is caused by the herniation of subcutaneous fat within fibrous connective tissue, leading to a padded or orange peel–like appearance.[2] Cellulite is a description rather than a physical object.[3]
    • The term was first used in the 1920s, and began appearing in English
    • language publications in the late 1960s, with the earliest reference in Vogue magazine, "Like a swift migrating fish, the word cellulite has suddenly crossed the Atlantic."[4] Its existence as a real disorder has been questioned,[5] and the prevailing medical opinion is that it is merely the "normal condition of many women".[6]
    • One cosmetic company has noted its historical place in industrialised
    • societies as an "inappropriate term used by women to describe curves
    • which they judge to be too plump and not very aesthetic".[7]
  5. Corns
    Or maybe you're a dancer and have noticed painful little bumps called corns on your toes?
  6. Callus
    Or maybe last fall you raked a lot of leaves and developed a callus on your hand?
  7. Bronchitis
    • Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi, the airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the lungs.
    • Bronchitis can be classified into two categories, acute and chronic,
    • each of which has unique etiologies, pathologies, and therapies.
    • Acute bronchitis is characterized by the development of a cough, with or without the production of sputum, mucus that is expectorated (coughed up) from the respiratory tract. Acute bronchitis often occurs during the course of an acute viral illness such as the common cold or influenza. Viruses cause about 90% of cases of acute bronchitis, whereas bacteria account for less than 10%.[1]
    • Chronic bronchitis, a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
    • is characterized by the presence of a productive cough that lasts for 3
    • months or more per year for at least 2 years. Chronic bronchitis most
    • often develops due to recurrent injury to the airways caused by inhaled
    • irritants. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause, followed by air pollution and occupational exposure to irritants, and cold air.
  8. Arthritis
    • Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation; plural: arthritides) is a group of conditions involving damage to the joints of the body.
    • There are over 100 different forms of arthritis.[1][2] The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age. Other arthritis forms are rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and related autoimmune diseases. Septic arthritis is caused by joint infection.
    • The major complaint by individuals who have arthritis is joint pain. Pain is often a constant and may be localized to the joint affected. The pain from arthritis occurs due to inflammation that occurs around the joint, damage to the joint from disease, daily wear and tear of joint, muscle strains caused by forceful movements against stiff, painful joints and fatigue.
  9. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
    (coughs, colds, "flu", etc)
  10. Hypertension ("high blood pressure")
    • Hypertension (HTN) or high blood pressure is a chronic medical condition in which the systemic arterial blood pressure is elevated. It is the opposite of hypotension.
    • It is classified as either primary (essential) or secondary. About
    • 90–95% of cases are termed "primary hypertension", which refers to high
    • blood pressure for which no medical cause can be found.[1] The remaining 5–10% of cases (Secondary hypertension) are caused by other conditions that affect the kidneys, arteries, heart, or endocrine system.[2]
    • Persistent hypertension is one of the risk factors for stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure and arterial aneurysm, and is a leading cause of chronic kidney failure.[3] Moderate elevation of arterial blood pressure leads to shortened life expectancy.
    • Dietary and lifestyle changes can improve blood pressure control and
    • decrease the risk of associated health complications, although drug
    • treatment may prove necessary in patients for whom lifestyle changes
    • prove ineffective or insufficient.
  11. Aneurism
    • An aneurysm or aneurism (from Ancient Greek: ἀνεύρυσμα - aneurusma "dilation", from ἀνευρύνειν - aneurunein "to dilate"), is a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge of a blood vessel.[1] Aneurysms can commonly occur in arteries at the base of the brain (the circle of Willis) and an aortic aneurysm occurs in the main artery carrying blood from the left ventricle of the heart. When the size of an aneurysm increases, there is a significant risk of rupture, resulting in severe hemorrhage,
    • other complications or even death. Aneurisms can be hereditary or
    • caused by disease, both of which lead to the weakening of the blood
    • vessels wall.
  12. Diabetes
    Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes—is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger). There are three severities of this disease.

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