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2011-01-02 12:10:33

History Praxis Study Cards
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  1. The Continental Divide passes through
    • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Wyoming
  2. A wide area of low rolling hills between the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Coastal Plain.
    The Piedmont
  3. Alexander Hamilton's economic plan
    Assume the debts of the states and sell bonds to pay off previous debt.
  4. The Northwest Ordinance from Articles of Confederation established _________.
    the procedure whereby territories become states.
  5. A document intended to end European colonization in the Western Hemisphere
    The Monroe Doctrine
  6. The Waltham or Lowell factory systems hired __________
    Young women from neighboring farms to work in the mills to earn money until they married.

  7. Before the Panama Canal could be completed __________
    Doctors had to come up with ways to battle malaria
  8. Dubois,"The Souls of Black Folk" (1903) contained _____________
    criticism of Booker T. Washington's approach to expanding opportunities for African Americans
  9. A major accomplishment of China's Tang dynasty was ________
  10. Reliance on a beaucracy of merit
  11. In a presidential system of government, the executive ________
    serves a fixed term
  12. The security council of the United Nations is not authorized to _______
    negogiate regional trade agreements between UN member states
  13. Marbury vs Madison was significant because it established the _________
    power of the Supreme Court to invalidate an act of Congress
  14. To amend the Constitution_________
    Both houses propose + approve the ammendment then states ratify with 3/4 of states needed
  15. The Vice President of the United States is also the ___________
    president of the United States Senate
  16. Interest groups in the United States _________
    use lobbyist to provide policymakers information on bills.
  17. The Green Revolution
    developing new strains of grain and land use management to increase food production
  18. A result of a difference in air pressure in adjacent zones is __________
  19. The climate type in the low latitudes is primarily _________
    wet equatorial
  20. An example of expansionary fiscal policy would be ___________
    the government reducing taxes to increase aggregate demand
  21. A fractional reserve banking system allows banks to ___________
    create money and expand the money supply

  22. Max Weber (1864 - 1920) argued that people band together to form
    status groups
  23. A Canadian firm buying land in Costa Rica will have the following effects?
    Negative impact on Canada’s gross domestic product, positive impact on Costa Rica’s gross domestic product.
  24. What was a precipitating factor in the call for a Constitutional Convention?
    Shays’ Rebellion in Massachusetts pointed out the need for a standing national army to keep the peace
  25. What happens in the event that the votes cast in a Presidential election fail to select a clear winner?
    The House of Representative chooses from among the top three candidates.
  26. Which Supreme Court decision affirmed that Congressional districts must be drawn to approximate each other in terms of population?
    Wesberry v. Sanders (1964).
  27. The Abbasid Caliphate and the Song Dynasty had what in common?
    mercantile and market economy
  28. Who was the first explorer to sail directly from Europe to India?
    Vasco de Gama
  29. According to conflict theory, the function of education is to:
    Stratify - Conflict theory views education as a major factor in social stratification.
  30. In its most general form, the concept of sovereignty is based on the principles of:
    Authority and territoriality
  31. A perfectly competitive firm in the short-run shutdown condition should:
    Shut down and wait for the market price to increase.
  32. In 1688–89, a Protestant Anglo-Dutch army overthrew the Catholic king of England and installed William and Mary as regents in an event that became known as:
    The Glorious Revolution -
  33. “In the new Code of Laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would Remember the Ladies, and be more generous and favourable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the Husbands. Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the Ladies, we are determined to foment a Rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any Laws in which we have no voice, or Representation.” Who of the following wrote the preceding passage?
    Abigal Adams in a letter to her husband, John Adams
  34. Which country produces the largest share of the world’s opium?
  35. A country with a fairly high standard of living as indicated by gross domestic product also has high levels of emigration, violent crime, and civil disobedience. What best accounts for this state of affairs?
    Despite a strong national economy, the government’s legitimacy is low.
  36. The International Monetary Fund classifies which country as having an “advanced economy”?
    South Korea
  37. In order to maximize its profits, a monopoly will
    Produce output at the point where marginal revenue equals marginal costs.
  38. dates of World War I?
  39. In the United States, the term hard money refers to which types of political donations?
    • - donations made directly to a political party, or to a candidate’s election campaign.
    • - donations to PACs are also considered hard money
    • - Hard money donations are regulated by law
  40. The practice of vertical integration was introduced into American business by which industrialists?
    Andrew Carnegie

    a company controls its own sources of supply, and sometimes means of distribution, as well its own manufacturing centers. The Carnegie Steel Company, for example
  41. Soviet responses to the Berling Airlift of 1948 included
    • - Blasting Berlin radio with pro-Soviet propaganda
    • - Offering free food to West Berliners who crossed over into East Berlin
    • - Orchestrating a Communist putsch of Berlin City Council
  42. In 1774, the Intolerable Acts led up to the Revolutionary War. They included:
    • - Enlarged the territory of Quebec
    • - Closed the port of Boston
    • - Forbid unauthorized public meetings
  43. The winner of the 1876 presidential election was decided by
    An Electoral Commission
  44. Mustafa Kemal initiated all of the following reforms in Turkey
    • - Latin-based Turkish alphabet replaced the Arabic alphabet
    • - Replaced fezzes with Western
    • - Political equality of the sexes
  45. Relatively elastic demand implies that
    buyers decrease their consumption with respect to increases in price
  46. Relatively inelastic demand implies that
    buyers do not decrease their consumption too much with respect to increases in price.
  47. Which of the following led directly to the Nullification Crisis
    The Tariff of 1828, also known as the Tariff of Abominations by Southern detractors, increased the prices of European products. As a result, South Carolina attempted to nullify the federal law.
  48. Which Article of the Constitution addresses the process of Amendments?
    Article 5
  49. Which of the following became the first President of the first African country to gain independence from Great Britain?
    Kwame Nkrumah, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania
  50. The 15th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified during the tenure of which President?
    Ulysses S. Grant
  51. Which of the following strongly supported the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882?
    The Knights of Labor union (they believed they caused low wages and poor working conditions)
  52. What are the effects of a price floor?
    it artificially maintains the price of a product above the market equilibrium price, creating a surplus, as quantity demanded at the inflated price is less than the quantity supplied.
  53. Ungava Bay is located in which of the following country–climate zone pair?
    Canada–Polar tundra.
  54. Which historical figures is associated with The First Great Awakening?
    Jonathan Edwards was a Puritan Calvinist preacher from New England, famous for proclaiming that “it is God’s manner to make men sensible of their misery and unworthiness before he reveals his saving love and mercy to their souls. The mercy of God, which he shows to a sinner when he brings him home to the Lord Jesus Christ, is the greatest and most wonderful exhibition of mercy and love, of which men are ever the subjects.”
  55. ________ reinforcement is the least resistent to extinction.
  56. __________ reinforcement is the most resistent to extinction
  57. The area known as the Pampa (an area of grasslands)is found in which of the following pair of countries?
    Argentina and Uruguay.
  58. During the Yugoslav Wars from 1990 to 1999, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia broke apart into seven different countries, six of which are internationally recognized independent states, one of which is not fully recognized as such. Which sociological concepts was at work in this violent break-up?
  59. what is this?

    - It was an important event in the Presidency of Thomas Jefferson.
    - The Federalists opposed the Purchase.
    - The tributaries of the Mississippi were held as the boundaries Louisiana Purchase.
    The Louisiana Purchase
  60. Which of the following Christian denomination arose from the Second Great Awakening?
    Seventh-Day Adventist Church
  61. Who would have supported this sentiment from the 1st ammendment?
    “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
    Voltaire, he was an advocate of freedom of religion, speech and the press
  62. The Ninth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States implies that:
    Rights not enumerated by the Bill of Rights are retained by the people.
  63. The federal government of the United States granted African-Americans the right to vote in
  64. The Great Lakes region is most accurately characterized as
    a humid continental, cool summer climate zone
  65. The Compromise of 1850 admitted _______ to the Union as a free State?
  66. Martin Luther King, Jr. first came to widespread public attention in the United States during:
    The Montgomery bus boycott
  67. All of the following occurred during Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution
  68. - Decrease in Military Power
    • - The universities were shut down.
    • - Dissidents were imprisoned.
    • - Elites were re-educated.
  69. The Federal Reserve’s recently initiated program of purchasing mortgage-backed securities is intended to have which of the following consequences?
    Boost the economy by increasing bank to bank lending.
  70. a potential consequence of a decrease of imports into a country?
    Increased demand for domestic goods causes demand-pull inflation
  71. Which state has the highest percentage of Spanish speakers?
    New Mexico
  72. What is the social position of farmers, merchants, and scholars during the Han Dynasty?
    • High :
    • -Scholars
    • – Land-owning farmers
    • – Merchants
    • Low.
  73. The number of justices on the Supreme Court is determined by:
    Legislative Act