Chapter 8 pt 1

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Author:
Livinchillinlove
ID:
57626
Filename:
Chapter 8 pt 1
Updated:
2011-01-01 11:15:06
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NervousSystem
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Description:
Med term Nervous System
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  1. cerebr/o
    cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
  2. cerebll/o
    cerebellum (little brain)
  3. crani/o
    skull
  4. encephal/o
    entire brain
  5. esthesi/o
    sensation
  6. gangli/o
    ganglion (knot)
  7. gli/o
    glue
  8. gnos/o
    knowing
  9. kinesi/o
    movement
  10. lex/o
    word or phrase
  11. mening/o
    meningi/o
    meninges (membrane)
  12. mycl/o
    spinal cord or bone marrow
  13. narc/o
    stupor or sleep
  14. neur/o
    nerve
  15. phas/o
    speech
  16. phob/o
    exaggerated fear or sensitivity
  17. phor/o
    carry or bear
  18. phren/o
    pysch/o
    thym/o
    mind
  19. schiz/o
    split
  20. somat/o
    body
  21. somn/o
    somn/i
    hypn/o
    sleep
  22. spin/o
    spine (thorn)
  23. spondyl/o
    vertebr/o
    vertebra
  24. stere/o
    three dimensional or solid
  25. tax/o
    order or coordination
  26. thalam/o
    thalamus (a room)
  27. ton/o
    tone or tension
  28. top/o
    place
  29. ventricul/o
    ventricle (belly or pouch)
  30. cata-
    down
  31. -asthenia
    weakness
  32. -lepsy
    seizure
  33. -mania
    condition of abnormal impulse toward
  34. -paresis
    slight paralysis
  35. -plegia
    paralysis
  36. central nervous system
    CNS
    brain and spinal cord
  37. brain
    portion of the central nervous system contained within the cranium
  38. cerebrum
    largest portion of the brain; divided into right and left halves (cerebral hemispheres) which are connected by a bridge of nerve fibers called the corpus callosum; lobes of the cerebrum are named after the skull bones they underlie
  39. frontal lobe
    anterior section of each cerebral hemisphere; responsible for voluntary muscle movement and personality
  40. parietal lobe
    portion posterior to the frontal lobe; responsible for voluntary muscle movement and personality
  41. temporal lobe
    portion that lies below the frontal lobe; responsible for hearing, taste, and smell
  42. occipital lobe
    portion posterior to the parietal and temporal lobe; responsible for vision
  43. cerebral cortex
    outer layer of the cerebrum consisting of gray matter; responsible for higher mental functions
  44. thalamus
    diencephalon
    each of two gray matter nuclei deep within the brain; responsible for relaying sensory information to the cortex
  45. gyri
    convolutions (mounds) of the cerebral hemispheres
  46. sulci
    shallow groves that separate gyri
  47. fissures
    deep grooves in the brain
  48. cerebellum
    portion of the brain located below the occipital lobes of the cerebrum; responsible for control and coordination of skeletal muscles
  49. brainsteam
    region of the brain that serves as a relay between the cerebrum, cerebellum, and spinal cord; responsible for breathing, heart rate, and body temperature; the three levels are the mesencephalon (midbrain), pons, and medulla oblongata
  50. ventricles
    series of interconnected cavities within the cerebral hemispheres and brainstem filled with cerebrospinal fluid

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