PMK: BMR CH 10.txt

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pascual
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57772
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PMK: BMR CH 10.txt
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2011-01-02 15:58:54
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  1. First aid has which of the following objectives?
    • To save lives
    • To limit infection
    • To prevent further injury
  2. In administering first aid, you are responsible for performing which of the following tasks?
    • Stop bleeding
    • Maintain breathing
    • Prevent or treat for shock
  3. Under which, if any, of the following circumstances should you touch an open wound with your fingers?
    Only when absolutely necessary to stop severe bleeding
  4. A person who has stopped breathing is considered dead.
    False
  5. What is the purpose of artificial ventilation?
    To provide a method of air exchange
  6. When using the mouth-to-mouth technique for administering artificial ventilation, how often should you force air into the victim's lungs?
    Once every 5 seconds
  7. The mouth-to-nose technique for administering artificial ventilation is effective on which of the following victims?
    • The victim who is very young
    • The victim who has extensive facial injuries
  8. When using the back pressure/arm lift technique for administering artificial ventilation, you should repeat the cycle how many times per minute?
    10 to 12
  9. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be started within how many minutes of the onset of cardiac arrest?
    4
  10. When administering CPR, you should place your hands on what area of the victim's chest?
    Above the tip of the sternum
  11. When using the one-rescuer CPR technique, you should administer how many compressions per minute?
    60 to 80
  12. When using the one-rescuer CPR technique, you should give how many ventilations after each set of compressions?
    Two
  13. When using the two-rescuer CPR technique, you should use what ratio of compressions to ventilations?
    5 to 1 CORRECT
  14. Which of the following is one of the most reliable indications of a blocked airway in a conscious person?
    Inability to speak
  15. You are assisting a person who is choking. What is the first action you should take? 1. Apply the standing chest thrust to the victim
    Clear the victim's mouth of any food or foreign objects
  16. What minimum amount of blood loss usually causes a person to go into shock?
    2 pints
  17. How is arterial bleeding from a cut near the surface of the skin indicated?
    Gushing spurts of bright red blood
  18. To control bleeding, which of the following methods should you try first?
    Direct pressure
  19. What is meant by the pressure points in the human body?
    place where the main artery is close to the skin surface and over a bone
  20. If the use of a battle dressing is required, who should loosen/remove it?
    Medical personnel
  21. Shock will never be serious enough to cause death.
    False
  22. At which of the following times should you start treatment for shock?
    As soon as possible after an injury occurs
  23. What is the basic position for treating shock?
    Putting the head lower than the feet
  24. Which of the following Navy personnel are the most frequent victims of suicide? 1. Males between the ages of 25 to 37 in paygrades E-6 and E-8
    Males between the ages of 17 to 24 in paygrades E-1 to E-6
  25. Which of the following are actions to take if you believe someone you know is thinking about suicide?
    • Take all threats seriously
    • Don't leave the person alone
    • Get professional help
  26. Which of the following burns is considered the most serious?
    Third degree
  27. A closed fracture is one where the skin is intact and an open fracture is one where the skin is broken.
    True
  28. When choosing a material to use as a splint, you should choose material that has which of the following characteristics?
    • Light weight
    • Fairly rigid
    • Strong
  29. Which of the following is/are symptoms of a broken bone?
    • Swelling
    • Deformity
    • Inability to use the part
  30. Which of the following is/are symptoms of a sprain or a strain?
    • Swelling
    • Inability to use the part
  31. What is one of the easiest ways to carry an unconscious person?
    Fireman's carry
  32. In compartments with access hatches that are too small to permit the use of regular stretchers, you would remove an injured person using what type of stretcher?
    Neil Robertson
  33. What common dental condition(s) can be prevented by making sure you develop the habit of good oral hygiene?
    • Tooth decay
    • Gum and bone disease
    • Reddening of the gums
  34. Sexually transmitted diseases may be spread through the use of inanimate objects, such as toilet seats, bed linens, or drinking glasses.
    False
  35. If left untreated, syphilis may cause which of the following conditions?
    • Heart disease
    • Mental illness
    • Blindness
  36. Sterility is the result of leaving which of the following sexually transmitted diseases untreated?
    Gonorrhea
  37. Use of condoms offers some protection from Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
    True
  38. If time permits during abandon-ship preparation, a message announced over the 1MC will give which of the following information?
    • Water temperature
    • Sea and wind conditions
    • Bearing and distance to the nearest land
  39. If you have to go over the side and the ships' propellers are turning, you should leave from what point on the ship?
    From the bow
  40. Personnel have the greatest chance for survival in the water if they meet which of the following swimmer requirements?
    First class
  41. If you have to swim through flames, which of the following is a procedure to follow?
    Swim underwater until you are clear of the oil
  42. If you must abandon ship into oily water that is not burning, which of the following precautions should you take?
    • Use your life preserver as a raft
    • Keep your face above the surface of the water as much as possible
  43. Swim underwater until you are clear of the oil You can use which of the following items to help you stay afloat?
    • Seabags
    • Pillow cases
    • Mattress covers
  44. The Navy uses a maximum of how many types of life preservers?
    Two
  45. Which of the following benefits does the collar on the vest-type life preserver provide?
    Additional buoyancy to keep the head upright
  46. The wooden toggle and line of an inflatable life preserver are used to
    attach yourself to a life raft or another person
  47. When using a pin-on, battery-operated light on a life preserver, you should replace the battery at what minimum interval?
    6 months
  48. You may launder the fibrous glass pads in addition to the outer cover of the inherently buoyant preserver.
    False
  49. In addition to inspecting your inflatable life preserver each time you wear it, you should also inspect it for air leaks at what minimum interval?
    Monthly
  50. The survival kits in large lifeboats are designed to sustain 15 to 20 people on regular rations for what maximum number of days?
    5
  51. You can identify the red flare end of a Mk 13 Mod 0 distress signal kit in the dark by which of the following indicators?
    Beadlike projections
  52. Under good weather conditions, the dye marker will retain some color for what maximum length of time?
    4 hours
  53. In a lifeboat, what piece of survival equipment is provided to assist you in filling containers with freshwater?
    Rain catcher tube
  54. In a lifeboat, continuous exposure to the elements will not harm which of the following pieces of survival or signal equipment?
    Sponges
  55. In a lifeboat, you may survive on as little as how much water a day?
    6 ounces
  56. People are known to live for 4 weeks or longer in a survival situation if a sufficient amount of water is available.
    True
  57. Which of the following forms of sea life or birds should NEVER be eaten?
    Jellyfish
  58. Which of the following sea birds is/are edible?
    • Albatrosses
    • Gannets
    • Terns
  59. At what minimum water temperature are you at risk for a serious condition called hypothermia?
    75�F
  60. What means should you use to treat frostbitten hands and fingers?
    Place them in contact with a warm part of your body
  61. Assume that you have just fallen overboard. What is the most important survival technique for you to remember?
    Remain calm and try to stay afloat
  62. Keep moving your arms and feet for protection from sharks
    • Helicopters use a maximum of how many basic devices for recovering personnel in the water?
    • Three
  63. If you fall overboard and sharks are in the area, you should take which of the following actions?
    Float on your back and use as little arm and leg movement as possible
  64. In a group survival situation, good leadership will lessen the effects of which of the following emotional states?
    • Panic
    • Confusion
    • Disorganization
  65. At least how many quarts of water are required each day to maintain your efficiency?
    2
  66. Liquids obtained from vines are undrinkable if they have which of the following characteristics?
    Both 1 and 2 above
  67. In a survival situation with less than 1 quart of water per day, you should avoid eating what type of food?
    Highly flavored
  68. Under survival conditions, you would obtain the most food value from which of the following sources?
    Animal flesh
  69. To kill any parasites scavenger birds such as buzzards and vultures might carry, you should boil the birds for what minimum length of time?
    20 minutes
  70. When selecting a route for evasion travel, you should always choose the easiest route.
    False
  71. Which of the following sources is best for determining directions under survival conditions?
    The position of the stars and the sun CORRECT
  72. During evasion, if you can no longer proceed on your own because of illness, which of the following actions should you take?
    Seek help from friendly natives
  73. After evading the enemy and returning to an area with friendly forces, you should take which of the following actions?
    Display a white flag or other white object
  74. You should give friendly frontline troops which, if any, of the following information about your evasion experiences?
    Immediate tactical information

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