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What right became established in the colony of New York as a result of the Zenger trial?
freedom of speach
Which of the documents listed here established the first written framework of self-government in the American colonies?
1) Magna Carta
2) Mayflower Compact
3) English Bill of Rights
4) Albany Plan of Union
Why did the population of Africans in the colonies increase after 1640?
- slaves never needed to be freed
- Royal African Company engaged in slave trade
What was Ben Franklin's point in the "Join or Die" cartoon he created for the Albany Plan of Union (the snake on the blue t-shirt in the front of the room.)?
if the colonists did not unite then they would be destroyed
What were the qualifications for electing a representative to the House of Burgesses?
white male land-owner
How did the colonists react to the Tea Act?
“Britain and the king are too far away to know what is best for the colonies.” Who would have most likely have agreed with the above statement?
What was the basic message of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense?
-the king was corrupt
-we want a representative government
Aside from telling the world why they wanted to become independent, what else did the Declaration of Independence contain?
- peoples unalienable rights
- list of British abuses
Why was the Battle of Saratoga (1777) considered a turning point in the Revolutionary War?
the Americans convinced the french to fight with them
What was the first “constitution” of the United States?
articles of confederation
What was one effect of Shay’s Rebellion?
a call for a stronger central government
What important issue did the Great Compromise settle?
the issue of equal representation or repesentation by population
What were supporters of the new Constitution in 1787 called?
What were the arguments raised by those who opposed ratification of the Constitution in 1787?
-no bill of rights
-king will attack
-everyone should agree
-people arn't ready to vote
According to the Constitution, who has the power to declare war?
Describe one way that the system of “checks and balances” works today.
makes sure that no one person gets too much power
What does the preamble do??
it states the general purpose of the constitution
Why is the Constitution called a “living document”?