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What are the bonding properties of carbon?
Carbon can share electrons with as many as four other atoms.
- It can have the shape of
- -side branches
Organic Molecule Characteristics
- -Always contain carbon bonded to other atoms
- -Always covalent bonding
- -Often quite large, with many atoms
- -Usually associated with living organisms
Inorganic Molecule Characteristics
- -Usually contain positive and negative ions
- -Usually ionic bonding
- -Always contain a small number of atoms
- -Often associated with nonliving matter
Organic molecules with identical molecular formulas, but a different arrangement of atoms.
- -Nucleic Acids
The largest macromolecules which are made up of many subunits called monomers.
The process of building polymers.
the process of breaking down polymers.
Major Organic Molecules
Molecules that contain carbon in combination with hydrogen.
What are the 4 major groups of organic molecules?
- Nucleic Acids
-contain C,H, & O
-function to store energy and provide support
-building blocks (monomers) are monosaccharides
Simple sugars containing 3-7 carbons
C,H,O ratio is 1:2:1
Simple sugars composed of 2 monosaccharides linked together by dehydration synthesis.
- Common disaccharides:
Animals store glucose as , and plants store glucose as .