chapter 3

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Author:
cassidy
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57938
Filename:
chapter 3
Updated:
2011-01-03 19:58:39
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bio
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biology
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  1. polysaccharides are`
    carbohydrates.
  2. all organic compounds contain teh element
    carbon
  3. all of the follwing are functional groups?
    • hydroxyl group
    • amino group
    • carboxyl group
  4. lipds are
    nonpolar molecules
  5. a model of enzyme action is the
    induced fit model
  6. which of the following is a carboyhdrate
    sucrose
  7. animals store glucose in the form of
    glycogen
  8. saturated fatty acids contain
    carbon atoms that are each bonded to four other atoms
  9. lipds are soluble in
    oil
  10. a phospholipid molecule contains all of the following
    • three fatty acids
    • a phosphate group
    • glycerol
  11. which organic molecule below is most closely related to nucleic acids
    nucleotides
  12. which organic molecule is classified as a carbohydrate
    sugar
  13. the formation of ADP and inorganic phospahte from ATP and water is an example of which kind of reaction?
    hydrolysis
  14. which organic molecule below is most closely related to proteins
    amno acids
  15. carbon is differnet form many other elements in that...(3)
    foru electrons in its outtermost energy level, it can form single, doubple or triple bonds wiht other atoms, it readily bonds with other c arbon atoms.
  16. energy is realsed when the bond between
    phosphate groups in ATP is broken
  17. withoug enzymes the chemical reactions in the body would
    occur too slowly to support life processes
  18. amino acids are m onomers of
    proteins
  19. carbon atoms can bond together to form all the follwing?
    ring structures, branched structures, straight chains structures.
  20. nucleic acids include?
    DNA and RNA.
  21. all of the follwing are examples of carbohydrates?
    cellulose sugar glycogen
  22. long chains of amino acids are found in
    proteins
  23. example of lipids?
    cholestrol, earwax, saturated fats.
  24. teh formation of polymers from monomers occurs as a result of____reactions, and the b reakdown of polymers into monomers occurs as a result of____reactions.
    condesnation, hydrolosis.
  25. a substrate ataches to the ___of an enzyme.
    active site
  26. in the molecule that has the chemical formula c2h4 the carbon atoms are bonded together with a _____ bond
    double covalent
  27. in a condensation reaction, two molecules become linked together andn a molecule of ____is produced.
    water
  28. in a triple covalent bond____pairs of electrons are shared between two atoms?
    2
  29. lipids are _____ molecules because they ahve no negative and positive poles
    nonpolar
  30. ATP contains____phosphate groups.
    three

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