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What DON instruction establishes the policy regarding Operational Risk Management (ORM)?
OPNAV Instruction 3500.39B
Who is responsible for operational risk management, and when?
All individuals are responsible for operational risk management, on and off duty.
When should ORM be applied?
All naval activities shall apply the ORM process in planning, operations and training to optimize operational capability and readiness.
The concept behind ORM is?
- a. A decision making tool used by personnel at all levels to increase operational effectivemess by identifying, assessing, and managing risks. By reducing the potential for loss, the probably of a successful mission is increased.
- b) Increases our ability to make informed decisions by providing a formal operational risk management process.
- c) Minimizes risk to acceptable levels. The amount of risk accepted at war is more than peace, but the process remains the same.
Identify the first step in ORM:
- Identify hazards:
- Begin with an outline or chart of the major steps in operation (operational analysis).
- Conduct a Preliminary Hazard Analysis by listing all of the hazards associated with each step in the operational analysis along with possible causes for those hazards.
Identify the second step in ORM:
- Step 2: Assess Hazards
- For each hazard identified, determine the associated degree of risk in terms of probability and severity.
- Although not required, the use of a matrix may be helpful in assessing harzards.
Identify the third step in ORM:
- Step 3: Make Risk Decisions
- First, develop risk control options.
- Start with the most serious risk first and select control that will reduce the risk to a minimum consistent with mission accomplishment.
- Decide if the benefit outweighs the risk.
- If risk outweighs benefit, consult with the chain of command.
Identify the fourth step in ORM: Step
- 4: Implement Controls
- Use the following measures to eleminate hazards or reduce the degree of risk (listed by preference:
- 1. Engineering Controls
- 2. Aministrative Controls
- 3. Peronal Protective Equipment
Identify the fifth step in ORM:
- Step 5: Supervise
- Conduct follow-up evaluations of controls to ensure they remain in place and have the desired effect.
- Monitor for changes, which may require further ORM.
What are the three ORM process levels?
- 1. Time Critical
- 2. Deliberate
- 3. In depth
- Deciding which of the three levels is necessary is based on the situation, proficiency level, and time and assets available.
What is a Category I hazard?
CAT I: The hazard may cause death, loss of facility/asset or result in grave damage to national interests.
What is a Category II hazard?
CAT II: The hazard may cause severe injury, illness, or property damage, damage to national or service interests or degradation to efficent use of assets
What is a catagory III hazard?
Cat III: The hazard may cause minor injury, illness, property damage, damage to national, service or command interests or degradation to efficient use of assets.
What is a catagory IV hazard?
Cat IV: The hazard presents a minimal threat to personnel safety or health property, national, service or command interests of efficient use of assets.
What is Mishap Propability? T
he probability that a hazard will result in a mishap or loss, based on an assessment of various factors.
What is mishap probability Sub-catagory A?
Sub-catagory: Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Expected to occur frequently to an individual item or person or continuously to a fleet, inventory or group.
What is mishap probability sub-catagory B? Sub-catagory B: Probability will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group.
What is mishap probability sub-catagory C?
Sub-catagory C: May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group.
What is mishap probability sub-catagory D?
Sub-catagory D: Unlikely to occur.
The Risk Assessment Code (RAC) uses numbers within a severity matrix to indicate risk. Define the numbers. RAC Definitions:
- 1 - Critical risk
- 2 - Serious risk
- 3 - Moderate risk
- 4 - Minor risk
- 5 - Negligible risk