Card Set Information
The movement of a body part toward the midline of the body.
The actual weight of body fat even thou your body is composed of both muscle and fat.
The movement of a body part away from the midline of the body.
The total amount of work that can e performed by the aerobic energy system.
The ability to perform prolonged periods of work without getting tired. During aerobic exercise, you should be able to carry on conversation.
Ambient heart rate
Your heart rate during the day when you aren't really doing anything, but it's not truly resting either. Take it at the same time, in the same circumstances, daily.
Refer to the building blocks of protein.
Exercise done for a short period of time usually 1 to 2 minutes, uses a lot of oxygen, develops speed, but does not develop overall fitness.
Specific vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that protect the body against free radicals.
Basal metabolic rate or BMR
The rate at which the body burns calories over a 24-hour period, while at complete rest.
refers to the pressure within the arterial system caused by blood flow.
Refers to the make up of lean and fat tissue in the body.
Body mass index (BMI)
Numerical equivalent of over or underweight, derived from an equation utilizing body weight and height.
Exercises that use body weight as resistance.
Measure of the energy value of food.
Refer to one of the six nutrients used by the body for energy. Dietary sources of carbs include sugars, grains, rice, potatoes and beans. 1 gram=4 cals.
Health-related component of physical fitness that relates to the ability of the circulatory respiratory systems to supply oxygen during sustained physical activity.
Refers to the heart and blood vessels.
pulse located on the carotid artery that is located down from the corner of the eye, just under the jawbone.
Type of Carb that is composed of glucose Sugars.
refers to the lipids found only in animal products and produced by the body.
Refers to a training technique that involves moving form one exercise to another usually 10 to 12. Each exercise works a different muscle group until each muscle has been worked.
Refers to the part of an exercise program that follows the workout and reduces the heart rate.
Isolate the abs reducing stress on the lower back
refers to the loss of fluids from the body to below normal levels
refers to any agent that increases the flow of urine.
stretching movement performed at gradually increased speed.
refers to a body type that is characterized by a light build and slight muscular development
refer to minerals such as chloride, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
A term used to indicate food-contributin calories with little food value and nutrients. Ex: alcohol and simple sugars
refers to a body type that is characterized by a stocky build, wide hips, and heavy fat storage
substances in the brain that induce "runner's high" or good feelings during prolonged exercise.
ability to maintain a physical activity over time.
Energy balance refers to the relationship between energy intake (input of food) and energy output (energy expenditure)
The energy cost to the body of physical activity, usually measure in kilocalories.
refers to the straightening of a body part away from the body. An example is straightening the elbow.
Essential nutrient that provides energy, energy storace and insulation to the body.
Theory governing proper frequency, intensity, time and type of exercise.
refers to the ability to flex and extend the body's joints through their full range of motion.
refer to highly reactive molecules that are known to damage muscle fibers, causes inflammation and fatigue and the suppression of the immune system.
Refers to the number of times
The ability to successfully and to safely perform activities related to daily routine with sufficient energy, strength/endurance, flexibility, and coordination.
Refers to a simple sugar, the form in which all cars are used as the body's principle energy source.
High-Density lipoproteins, the good cholesterol that returns unused fat to the liver for disposal.
High impact aerobics
exercises in which both feet leave the ground simultaneously.
Extension of the angle between bones of a joint to a greater degree than normal.
an increase in muscle size
the hormone that is essential for the correct maintenance level and metabolism of blood sugar.
refers to the rate of performing work.
Measured periods of exercise followed by measured periods of rest.
Refers to the contraction of a muscle without significant movement, also referred to as static tension
refers to the alternate contraction and relaxation of large muscles against a natural resistance.
Low-density lipoprotein also known as the "bad" cholesterol.
exercises to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor which leads to more control and prevent urine leakage.
Lean body mass
all body tissue except stored fat. Includes water, muscle, bones, and other body organs such as the heart, liver and kidneys.
type of exercise in which one foot always stay in contact with the floor.