Post Colonialism CT

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gracechoeee
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58171
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Post Colonialism CT
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2011-01-04 23:50:08
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Post Colonialism
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Post Colonialism
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  1. Cultural colonization
    the inculcation of a British system of government and education, British culture, and British values that denigrate the culture, morals, and ever physical appearance of formerly subjugated peoples
  2. Colonialist ideology (colonialist discourse)
    based on the colonizers’ assumption of their own superiority, which they contrasted with the alleged inferiority of native (indigenous) peoples, the original inhabitants of the lands they invaded
  3. Metropolitan
    This is what the colonizers believed they were; that only their own Anglo-European culture was civilized and sophisticated
  4. Othering
    the practice of judging all who are different as less than fully human
  5. Eurocentrism
    the use of European culture as the standard to which all other cultures are negatively contrasted
  6. Universalism
    British, European, and American cultural standard-bearers judged all literature in terms of its “universality”: to be considered a great work, a literary text had to have “universal” characters and themes
  7. Orientalism
    purpose is to produce a positive national self-definition for Western nations by contrast with Eastern nations on which the West projects all the negative characteristics it doesn’t want to believe exist among its own people
  8. Colonial subjects
    colonized persons who did not resist colonial subjugation because they were taught to believe in British superiority and in their own inferirority
  9. Mimicry
    colonial subjects who tried to imitate their colonizers, as much as possible, in dress, speech, behavior, and lifestyle
  10. Double consciousness (double vision)
    a consciousness or a way of perceiving the world that is divided between two antagonistic cultures: that of the colonizer and that of the indigenous community
  11. Diaspora
    the population that are separated from their original homeland
  12. Unhomeliness
    The feeling of being caught between cultures, of belonging to neither rather than both, of finding oneself arrested in a psychological limbo that results not merely from some individual psychological disorder but from the trauma of the cultural displacement within which one lives
  13. Invader colonies
    colonies established among nonwhite peoples through the force of British arms, such as those established in India, Africa, the West Indies, South America, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
  14. White settler colonies
    colonies established in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and southern Africa
  15. Neocolonialism
    exploits the cheap labor available in developing countries, often at the expense of those countries’ own struggling businesses, cultural traditions, and ecological well-being
  16. Cultural imperialism
    a direct result of economic domination, consists of the “takeover” of one culture by another: the food, clothing, customs, recreation, and values of the economically dominant culture increasingly replace those of the economically vulnerable culture until the latter appears to be a kind of imitation of the former
  17. Subalterns
    people of inferior status, that is, with the majority of poor, exploited ex-colonial peoples who are the object of their concern
  18. hybridity (syncretism)
    not a stalemate between two warring cultures but is rather a productive, exciting, positive force in a shrinking world that is itself becoming more and more culturally hybrid
  19. nativism / nationalism
    emphasis on indigenous culture, especially when accompanied by the attempt to eliminate Western influences

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