dealing with teh negative social aspects of industrial revolution
metrical foot. 3 syllables. 2 unstressed followed by 1 stressed. opp of dactyl
ex: I must finish my journey alone
metrical foot. 3 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 2 unstressed. opp of anapest
ex: Just for a handful of silver
metrical foot. 2 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 1 unstressed.
"formation novel" similar to coming of age but more technical
ex: David Copperfield; Great Expectations
meter but no rhyme. often Iambic pantameter. Shakespeare
diamond shaped poem. -ing words
melancholic and mournful poem. funeral
a short poem. satirical. witty/ingenious ending or statement
phrase/statement about one who has died. tombstone.
20th century. believe that each individual creates meaning in life through free will, choice and responsibility. ex: Albert Camus
handed down. songs/stories/myths of a people/"folk"
no rhyme or meter
short lyric poem. 2-4 line stanzas, each with some metrical pattern. Often to a friend. Friendship. Poetry. Love. Named after Horace, its creator.
one short syllable followed by one long, 5 in a row.
la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
poem that either depicts a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long poem about heroes and ages gone by
irregular (pseudo-Pinaric or Cowleyan) Ode
neither the 3 part form of the Pindaric ode nor the 2-4 stanzas of Horation. Irregularity of verse/structure. Lack of correspondence between parts.
consiting of an octave (aabbaabba) followed by a sested (cdecde)
short, bawdy, humerous poem. 5 anapestic lines. Lines 1,2,5 have 7-10 syllables and rhyme. 3,4 have 5-7 syllables and rhyme.
speaker expressed throught/emotion directly to reader. not character/plot
elaborate and unexpected metaphors, called conceits
ex: comparring soul to a drop of dew
ex: John Donne
1880s-1940s. offshoot of Realism. Scientific method to portray characters as products of heredity/environment. Explain why characters are the way they are. Pessimistic. Humans bad. Anti-Romantic. Twist at end of story. Detatched narrator. Nature indifferent. Emile Zola; Stephen Crane; Frank Norris; Theodore Dreiser. American Naturalism focused on lower classes (often immigrants)
Sister Carrie 1900 - girl who moves to Chicago and away from Victorian ideals. Knocked at the time but since famous. An American Tragedy 1925. American novelist/journalist. Naturalist pineer. Known for characters whose value lies in their determination, not morality.
1850s-1960s. Orgins in France/Belgium. Budelaire; Mallarme; Verlaine. (1850s-80s). Evoke rather than present allegories.
1916-1922. Anti-war movement turned anti-established art movement. Anti-war in art too. Influenced Breton's Surrealist movement.
Freedom of imagination. Organized under Andre Breton. Others too. Suprize. Juxtoposition. non sequitor. automatic writing. dreams. express thought.
1920s-1930s Harlem, NY and Carribean
Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston
Not Without Laughter 1930; The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Zora Neale Hurston
Their Eyes Were Watching God 1937 Seminal work for future black and female writers.
The Stranger 1946. French. Nobel prize. Problems of human kind. Influenced Existentialists and Theater of the Absurd. The Myth of Sisyphus 1942 - Huamn condition meaningless. No rational explanation. All absurd.
Czech novelist. wrote in German. Enigmatic and nightmarish reality. Individual lonely, perplexed, and threatened. The Metamorphosis 1917
Theater of the Absurd
1950s/60s Staged the philosophy of Albert Amus. Abandoned conventional dramatic form to portray the futility of human struggle in a senseless world. Samuel Becket. Eugene Iomesco. Harold Printer