WEST E English Batch 2
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"condition of England" novel
dealing with teh negative social aspects of industrial revolution
- metrical foot. 3 syllables. 2 unstressed followed by 1 stressed. opp of dactyl
- ex: I must finish my journey alone
- metrical foot. 3 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 2 unstressed. opp of anapest
- ex: Just for a handful of silver
- metrical foot. 2 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 1 unstressed.
- ex: stories
- "formation novel" similar to coming of age but more technical
- ex: David Copperfield; Great Expectations
meter but no rhyme. often Iambic pantameter. Shakespeare
diamond shaped poem. -ing words
melancholic and mournful poem. funeral
a short poem. satirical. witty/ingenious ending or statement
phrase/statement about one who has died. tombstone.
20th century. believe that each individual creates meaning in life through free will, choice and responsibility. ex: Albert Camus
handed down. songs/stories/myths of a people/"folk"
no rhyme or meter
short lyric poem. 2-4 line stanzas, each with some metrical pattern. Often to a friend. Friendship. Poetry. Love. Named after Horace, its creator.
- one short syllable followed by one long, 5 in a row.
- la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
poem that either depicts a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long poem about heroes and ages gone by
irregular (pseudo-Pinaric or Cowleyan) Ode
neither the 3 part form of the Pindaric ode nor the 2-4 stanzas of Horation. Irregularity of verse/structure. Lack of correspondence between parts.
consiting of an octave (aabbaabba) followed by a sested (cdecde)
short, bawdy, humerous poem. 5 anapestic lines. Lines 1,2,5 have 7-10 syllables and rhyme. 3,4 have 5-7 syllables and rhyme.
speaker expressed throught/emotion directly to reader. not character/plot
- 17th century
- elaborate and unexpected metaphors, called conceits
- ex: comparring soul to a drop of dew
- ex: John Donne
1880s-1940s. offshoot of Realism. Scientific method to portray characters as products of heredity/environment. Explain why characters are the way they are. Pessimistic. Humans bad. Anti-Romantic. Twist at end of story. Detatched narrator. Nature indifferent. Emile Zola; Stephen Crane; Frank Norris; Theodore Dreiser. American Naturalism focused on lower classes (often immigrants)
Sister Carrie 1900 - girl who moves to Chicago and away from Victorian ideals. Knocked at the time but since famous. An American Tragedy 1925. American novelist/journalist. Naturalist pineer. Known for characters whose value lies in their determination, not morality.
1850s-1960s. Orgins in France/Belgium. Budelaire; Mallarme; Verlaine. (1850s-80s). Evoke rather than present allegories.
1916-1922. Anti-war movement turned anti-established art movement. Anti-war in art too. Influenced Breton's Surrealist movement.
- Freedom of imagination. Organized under Andre Breton. Others too. Suprize. Juxtoposition. non sequitor. automatic writing. dreams. express thought.
- 1920s-1930s Harlem, NY and Carribean
- Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston
Not Without Laughter 1930; The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Zora Neale Hurston
Their Eyes Were Watching God 1937 Seminal work for future black and female writers.
The Stranger 1946. French. Nobel prize. Problems of human kind. Influenced Existentialists and Theater of the Absurd. The Myth of Sisyphus 1942 - Huamn condition meaningless. No rational explanation. All absurd.
Czech novelist. wrote in German. Enigmatic and nightmarish reality. Individual lonely, perplexed, and threatened. The Metamorphosis 1917
Theater of the Absurd
1950s/60s Staged the philosophy of Albert Amus. Abandoned conventional dramatic form to portray the futility of human struggle in a senseless world. Samuel Becket. Eugene Iomesco. Harold Printer
Heart of Darkness
1902. Joseph Conrad
1865-1910. rural. real. Twain; Crane; Horatio Alger Ragged Dick 1868; Upton Sinclaire
Tom Sawyer 1876; Huckleberry Fin 1884
The Red Badge of Courage 1895; Maggie: a Girl of the Streets 1893
1800s/early 1900s. George Eliot. Leo Tolstoy
- pak of realist ficiton. War and Peace 1869 - Napolean's Russian invasion. Graphic detail. realism. History.
- Anakarenina 1875 - height of realist novel. transition to modern novel
- Marian Evans
- Middlemarch 1872 - sophisticated character portraits. Political like all her works. Victorian period. Realism.
1830s-1900. Revolt against Harvard and Unitarian church ideas. Ideal spiritual state that transcends. simple lifestyle. Progressive thiners on women. emerson, Thoreau, Whitman.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Nature 1836 - essay that is watershed in which transcendentalism became a major movement. individualism
Henry David Thoreau
transcendentalism. Walden, or Life in the Woods 1854 - 2 year experiment in self sufficiency. Civil Disobedience 1849.
Leaves of Grass 1855 - free verse poetry. obsence in parts. transcendentalism to Realism transition. "Father of free verse"
poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way
14 line sonnet consisting of an octave (abbaabbba) followed by a sestet (cdecde)
a ceremonious poem consisting of a strophe (2+ lines repeated as a unit) followed by an antistrophe with teh same metrical pattern and concluding with a summary line (epode) in a different meter
4 lines. 2,4 must rhyme. 1,3 can but don't have to
repeated phrase. often at ends of stanzas
a type of poetry of 7 line stanzas in iambic pantameter
Roman a clef
a novel that depicts real life but hides as fiction
3 quatrains. 1 ending couplet with a twist.
Haiku with 2 extra 7 sylllable lines
Engl Lang: Old English
450-1100. Beowulf. not recognizable but much shared. Invading Germanic tribes in Britain
- 1066 William the Conquerer, Duke of Normandy conquers England. French becomes elite. 1400s - English comes back as Middle English. much more French. Chaucer.
Early Modern English
- 1500-1800The Great Vowel Shift 1450-1750 - vowels shorter and shorter
- Printing Press 1450
- English Dictionary 1604
not only teh ability to manipulate phones but larger units of sound like onsets, rimes, syllables, prosody, alliteration, rhythm
ability to recognize and manipulate phonemes. like breaking down cat into phonemes
Metonymic (essay organization)
moves from one experience to the next
Synecdochic (essay organization)
goes from part to whole and back again
Metaphoric (essay organization)
focuses on similarities that tie experiences together
ideas arranged according to importance
calls students to put knwledge into practice in real world or through acting out
tresting summarize learning up to that point
critical (fact from opinion); emphatic/reflective (build trust); deliberative (learn info)
The 5 m's of Medieval Theatre
- 1. Mummings - yearly rituals. Pagan roots
- 2. Mystery plays - "cycle" plays. summer. Act out portions of the Bible. Didactic and scriptural
- 3. Miracle plays - Lives of Saints
- 4. Morality plays - heavily allegorical and didacticism. death a major focus.
- 5. Play of Manners - social and secular instead of religions. people acting socially inappropriately.
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