MOD F UNIT 4 THEORY

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jmejamison
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58228
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MOD F UNIT 4 THEORY
Updated:
2011-01-05 17:14:29
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MOD UNIT THEORY FINAL
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MOD F UNIT 4 THEORY - FINAL
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  1. What is caused by severe trauma or strain, dengeneration of the intervertebrel joints?
    herniated (ruptured) disk
  2. At what age is the 1st mature sperm ejaculated?
    14
  3. What is an undescended testicle called?
    Cryptochidism
  4. Why is the scrotum suspended on the outside of the body?
    Sperm cannot withstand internal body temperature, being suspended provides a cooler environment
  5. After the sperm are produced in the tubules, where do they go?
    They pass into the epididymis to exit the body
  6. What is the passage way for sperm & fluid leaving the epididymis called?
    Vas Deferens
  7. What is a surgical sterilization that prohibits the ejaculation of sperm?
    Vasectomy
  8. What is 30% psychogenic in origin and caused by anxiety, fear of failure, depression, parental rejection & previous traumatic sexual experiences, may be cuased by stress?
    Impotence (ED erectile disfunction)
  9. What is inflammation of a testicle?
    Orchitis
  10. At what age is testicular cancer most common in men?
    29-35
  11. At what age does the American Cancer Society recommend that males begin regular testicular self-exams
    15
  12. What are secretions from ductless glands called?
    hormones
  13. Name and spell the 8 major endocrine glands
    • Adrenals,
    • Gonads,
    • Pancreas,
    • Parathyroid,
    • Pineal,
    • Pituitary,
    • Thyroid,
    • Thymus
  14. What is called the "Master Gland"
    Pituitary gland
  15. The production of what is essential in the pituitary gland for normal growth of body tissue?
    (GH) Growth Hormone
  16. What occurs from overproduction of GH in childhood
    Gigantism
  17. What occurs from underproduction of GH in childhood?
    Dwarfism
  18. What increases the production of the thyroid hormone?
    Thyrotropin (TSH)
  19. What hormone stimulates the adrenal gland?
    Adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH)
  20. What stimulating hormone increases skin pigmentation?
    Melanocyte (MSH)
  21. What hormone stimulates estrogen production in females and stimulates sperm production in males?
    • (FSH) Folicle stimulating hormone -
    • (NOT TSH)
  22. What 2 hormones stimulates breast development, production & flow of milk, and stimulates the concentration of the uterus
    Prolactin & Oxytocin
  23. What gland increases metabolism, influences both physical and mental activity, and promotes normal growth and development?
    Thyroid Gland
  24. Underproduction of thyroid activity causing a decreased metabolic rate is called what?
    Hypothyroidism
  25. True or False - Hypothyroidism is not the result of excess secretion of thyroxine?
    True
  26. What glands regulate the exhange of calcium between bones and blood?
    Parathyroid Glands
  27. What glands can increase heart rate, blood pressure and flow of blood?
    Adrenal Glands
  28. What controls electrolyte balance by regulating sodium and potassium?
    Mineral corticoids (Aldosterone)
  29. What controls metabolism of carbohydrates and reduces blood sugar levels?
    Pancreas
  30. What controls the onset of puberty?
    Pineal body
  31. What hormone is present in a urine test for pregnancy producing a possitive result?
    Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
  32. True or false - A Glucose tolerance Test (GTT)is a blood test used to determine the body's control of glucose - to process a large dose of glucose immediately - Not over a 6-8 wk period?
    True
  33. If a patient is allergic to iodine, they may not have what test?
    Thyroid uptake test (scan)
  34. What is caused by a lack of thyroxine in early stages of life?
    Cretinism
  35. What are the contributing factors of Diabetes Mellitus?
    • Heredity
    • Weight (80% overwight when diagnosed)
    • Pregnancy
    • Physical trauma(emotional distrss, virus)
  36. If a diabetic goes into a diabetic coma, is the blood sugar level to high or low?
    High
  37. What is the most common form of hyperthyroidism?
    Grave's desease
  38. What is a disorder of the thyroid gland which affects adults?
    Myxedema
  39. What is the most frequent STD in America?
    Chlamydia
  40. What disease is usually asymptomatic in newborns during birth?
    Gonorrhea
  41. What is a chronic viral infection with two strains?
    Herpes
  42. What is an acute or chronic infection of the reproductive tract?
    PID
  43. What is it called when a fetus is implanted outside the unterine cavity?
    Ectopic
  44. What is painful cramping associated with mensuration?
    Dysmenorrhea
  45. What is a wart like growth on external genitalia called?
    Condyloma

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