Hungarian Lesson 004
Card Set Information
Hungarian Lesson 004
Basic Hungarian Grammar Facts
Connecting vowels for nouns
What are the standard connecting vowels for the accusative and nominative plural of nouns?
-o, -e, -ö and irregularly -a
Words with -ö, -ő, -ü, -ű in the last syllable of their base take -ő instead of -e. However a small group of monsyllabic nouns with these vowels take -e. Example
What is the accusative and nominative connecting vowel for -alom words?
It is always -a.
What are the connecting vowels for the plural accusative?
They are always -a or -e.
What are the connecting vowels for the singular possessive endings and when are they used?
The connecting vowel is the same as the linking vowel before the plural nominative ending and it is used after stems ending in a consonant in the 1st and 2nd person singular and the 2nd person plural.
When do the connecting vowels for singular possessive endings occur?
They occur after stems ending in a consonant in the 1st and 2nd person singular and the 2nd person plural.
What is the connecting vowel for plural possessive endings?
The connecting vowel is identical with the ending of the 3rd person singular of the possessive singular form.
When do nouns require a linking vowel in the plural possessive endings and what is this linking vowel?
The linking vowel is need when the stem ends in a consonant. The linking vowel is the same as the ending of the third person singular possessive forms (-a, -ja, -e, -je).
What is the accusative linking vowel for all forms of the accusative singular of possessive forms that do not end in a vowel?
-a, -e. For example: hibámat = my mistake, accusative, kenyeremet = my bread, accusative.
How do you form the plural accusative of a non-possessive noun?
Add -t to the nominative plural of a noun using either -a or -e as a linking vowel. Example: napokat = days, accusative
How do you form the accusative plural of a possessive noun?
Add -at or -et to the plural form if it ends in a consonant. Otherwise just add -t. Example: asztalaimat = my tables, accusative plural, asztalait = his tables, accusative plural.