Hungarian Lesson 006

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Author:
jebrown
ID:
58286
Filename:
Hungarian Lesson 006
Updated:
2011-01-05 18:52:58
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Basic Hungarian Grammar facts
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Description:
Noun cases.
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  1. What are the endings for the instrumental case?
    -val, -vel
  2. What are the endings of the translative case (turning into something)?
    -vá, -vé
  3. What happens when the instrumental or translative case endings are added to nouns.
    If the stem ends in a vowel there is addition with the lengthening of a short -a or -e. If the stem ends in a consonant the -v of the endings assimulates to the final stem consonant.
  4. What is the only ending for the causal-final case?
    -ért (It is often translated "for". It denotes cause, reason or purpose. Compare Russian dlia, radi, iz-za)
  5. What is the only ending for the essive-formal case?
    -ként (It means "in the capacity of someone or something". Compare Russian kak, slovno)
  6. What is the only ending for the terminative case?
    -ig (It means "as far as" in a spacial or temporal sense. Compare Russian do).
  7. What is the only ending for the distributive case?
    -nként (It means "per", "each", "by" "for each one". Compare Russian na and po.
  8. What is the ending for the temporal case?
    -kor (It means "at, durning, on" in time expressions only. As in Russian different nouns expressing time periods require different cases to express this meaning.
  9. What is the ending of the distributive - temporal case?
    -nta, -nte (It means "so many times in a time space. Compare Russian ezhe, kazhdyi).
  10. What are the endings for the sociative case?
    -stul, -stül (with somebody or something. Compare Russian vmeste s).
  11. What are the endings for the adessive case (located near someone or something)?
    -nál, -nél (Compare with Russian u, pri, okolo).
  12. What are the endings of the ablative case (taking something away from something) ?
    -tól, -től (Compare with Russian ot, this case is the opposite of -hoz)

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