Government: Chapter 1
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Government: Chapter 1
Chapter 1 Exam
What are the four characteristics of a state?
What are four theories of the origins of a state?
1.) The Force Theory
2.) The Evolutionary Theory
3.) The Divine Right Theory
4.) The Social Contract Theory
What are six purposes of the American system of government?
1.) Form a more perfect union
2.) Establish justice
3.) Insure domestic tranquility
4.) Provide for the common defense
5.) Promote the general welfare
6.) Secure the blessings of liberty
institution through which a society makes and enforces it's public policies.
all of the things a government decides to do.
the power to make law and to frame public policies
power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
power to interpret laws, determine their meanings and settle disputes that arise within the society.
body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
where everything is run by a single person, or a small group
when the respondsibility for the exercise of these powers rest with a majority of the people, that form a government.
a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically and with the power to make and enforce law without consent of higher authority.
supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies
a government in which all power belongs to a central agency
a government in which power is divided between a central government and other local governments
an alliance of independent states
a government in which the executive and legislative branches are separate and coequal
a government in which members of the executive branch are also members of the legislative branch and are subject to the legislature's direct control.
Division of Powers
structuring a government so that power is shared by a central and several local governments
a government in which a small, usually self-appointed, group has the power to rule
a government in which a single person holds unlimited power
What are the basic concepts of democracy?
1.) Worth of the Individual
2.) Equality of all Persons
3.) Majority Rule, Minority Rights
4.) Necessity of Compromise
5.) Individual Freedom
the matter of agreeing on something
What are four factors underlying the free enterprise system?
2.) Private Ownership
3.) Individual Initiative
Law of Supply and Demand
as goods and services become plentiful, then prices drop; when goods and services become scarce, then prices increase.
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion.