Chapter 1

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Chapter 1
2011-01-08 10:24:08

intro med term
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  1. abdominocentesis
    the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove excess fluid
  2. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
  3. acute
    condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration
  4. angiography
    the process of producing a radiograph (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium to make these blood vessels visible
  5. appendectomy
    surgical removal of the appendix
  6. arteriosclerosis
    the tissue death of an artery
  7. arthralgia
    pain in the joint or joints
  8. colostomy
    the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface
  9. cyanosis
    blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
  10. dermatologist
    a physiciian who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin
  11. diagnosis
    the identification of a disease
  12. diarrhea
    the frequent flow of loose or watery stools
  13. edema
    swelling caused by excess fluids in the body tissues
  14. endarterial
    pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery
  15. eponym
    is a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described first
  16. erythrocyte
    a muture red blood cell
  17. fissure
    is a groove or crack-like sore of the skin
  18. fistula
    is an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body
  19. gastralgia
    stomach pain
  20. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  21. gastroenteritis
    an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  22. gastrosis
    any disease of the stomach
  23. hemorrhage
    the loss of a large amount of blood in a short amount of time
  24. hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver
  25. hypertension
    higher than normal blood pressure
  26. hypotension
    lower than normal blood pressuer
  27. infection
    is the invasion of the body by pathogenic organisms
  28. inflammation
    is a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues
  29. interstitial
    means between, BUT not within, the parts of a tissue
  30. intramuscular
    within the muscle
  31. laceration
    is a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  32. lesion
    a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury
  33. mycosis
    any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
  34. myelopathy
    any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
  35. myorrhexis
    the rupture of a muscle
  36. natal
    pertaining to birth
  37. neonatology
    the study of disorders of the newborn
  38. neuritis
    inflammation of a nerve or nerves
  39. otorhinolaryngology
    the study of the ear, nose, and throat
  40. palpation
    is an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
  41. palpitation
    is a pounding or racing heart
  42. pathology
    the study of all aspects of diseases
  43. phalanges
    bones of the fingers and toes
  44. poliomyelitis
    a viral infection of the grey matter of the spinal cord
  45. prognosis
    prediction of the probable course and outcome
  46. prostate
    male gland under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra
  47. pyoderma
    any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection (impetigo)
  48. pyrosis
    discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophogus (heartburn)
  49. remission
    the temprorary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
  50. sign
    • is objective evidence of disease (fever)
    • objective means the sign can be evaluated or measured can be measured by patient or others
  51. supination
    is the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
  52. suppuration
    the formation or discharge of puss
  53. supracostal
    above or outside the ribs
  54. symptom
    is subjective evidence of a disease (pain or headache) can only be measure by patient
  55. syndrome
    a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
  56. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  57. trauma
    wound or injury
  58. triage
    the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment
  59. viral
    pertaining to a virus