involves memories for facts or events, such as scenes, stories, words, conversations, faces, or daily events. We are aware of and can recall, or retrieve, these kinds of memories
What is a cognitive interview?
is a techique for questioning people, such as eyewitnesses, by having them imagine and reconstruct the details of an event, report everything they remember without holding back, and narrate the event from different viewpoints.
What does storing mean?
is the process of placing encoded information into relatively permanent mental storage or long-term storage.
What is repression?
the process by which the mind pushes a memory of some threatening or traumatic event deep into the unconcious. Once in the unconcious, the repressed memory cannot retrieve at will and may remain there until something releases it and the person remembers it
What is Network Theory?
says that we store related ideas in separate categories, or files, called nodes. As we make associations among information, we create links among thousands of nodes, which make up gigantic interconnected network of files for storing and retrieving information.
What is photographic memory?
occurs in adults, is the ability to form sharp, detailed visual images after examining a picture or page for a short period of time and to recall the entire image at a later date.
What is recognition?
involves identifying previously learned information with the help of external cues.
What is the method of loci?
is an encoding technique that creates visual associations between already memorized places and new items to be memorized
What is Echoic memory?
is a form of sensory memory that holds auditory information for 1-2 seconds.
(working memory), refers to another process that can hold only a limited amount of information
results when new information enters short-term memory and overwrites or pushes out information that is already there
is combining seperate items of information into a larger unit, or chunk, and them remembering chunks of information rather than individual items
Tip of the Tongue Phenomenom
refers to having a strong feeling that a particular word can be recalled. but despite making a great effort, we are temporarily unable to recall this particular information. Later, in a different situation, we may recall the information
refers to the arrangement of nodes or memory files in a certain order or hierarchy. At the bottom of the hierarchy are nodes with very concrete information, which are connected to nodes with somewhat more specific information, which in turn are connected to nodes with general or abstract information
refers to the inability to retrieve, recall, or recognize information that was stored or is still stored in long-term memory
What do we mean by recall?
Recall involves retreiving previously learning info w/out the aid of or w/ very few external cues.
Recall Bret and Todd shoving cupcakes down their throat:)
What is encoding?
Encoding is the process of transferring info from short term to long term memory by paying attention to it, repeating it, or rehearsing it, or forming new associations.
" I will eat wings this weekend, I will eat wings this weekend!!"
What is iconic memory?
Iconic memory is a form of sensory memory that automatically holds visual info for a quarter of a sec or more; as soon as you shift your attention the info disappears.
What is long term memory?
Long term memory refers to the process of storing almost unlimited amounts of info over long periodsof time.
What is procedural memory?
Also called Nondeclarative memory- involves memories for motor skills (playing tennis), some cognitive skills (learning to read), and emotional behaviors learned through classical conditioning (Fear of Spiders) these momories cannot be recalled.
What is retrieving?
Retrieving is the process of selecting information from long-term memory and transferring it back into short term memory.
What is Semantic Memory
Semantic memory is a type of declarative memory and involves knowledge of facts, concepts, words, definitions, and language rules.
What is Amnesia?
Amnesia, which may be temporary or permanent, is a loss of memory that may occur after a blow or damage to the brain or after disease (Alzheimer's) general anesthesia, certain drugs, or severe psychological trauma.
What are Nodes?
Nodes are memory files that contain related information organized around a specific topic or category.