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-Two Part Binomial System
-Ex. Homo Sapien
- Place Species in Increasingly General Categories
-Viewed Species as Fixed
-Each Form of Life Perfect and Permanent
-Arranged on a ladder
-Key Role in Developing Paleontology
Proposed Earth's Geologic Features Can Be Explained by Gradual Mechanisms Still Operating
-Ex. Valleys Formed by Rivers
Used Hutton's Thinking to Create His Principle of Uniformitarianism
-Mechanisms of Change are Constant Over Time
Jean Baptist de Lamark
Use and Disuse-
The Idea That Parts of the Body That Are Used Extensively Become Larger and Stronger While Those That Are Not Used Begin to Deteriorate.
Inheritance Of Acquired Characteristics
Organisms Could Pass These Modifications to Offspring.
WE NOW KNOW THIS IS FALSE
What is the Title of Darwin's Book?
On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Layers of Sediment Cover Older Ones and Compress Them into Superimposed Layers of Rock
Characteristics of Organisms That Enhance Their Survival and Reproduction in Specific Environments
Descent with Modification
Similarity Resulting From Common Ancestry
Ex. Shoulder to Finger Tips of All Mammals
-Represent Variation on a Structural Theme That Was Present in Their Common Ancestor
Found No Where Else in The World!
Ex. Plants and Animals on Islands
Remnants of Features That Served Important Functions in The Organism's Ancestors
Geographic Distribution of Species