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The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock 1915 - masterpiece of modernist movement. The Wasteland 1922; The Hollow Men 1925
Sense and Sensibility 1811; Pride and Prejudice 1813; Ema 1815. Romantic age. Social critique. Rich upper class Society. Transition to Realist fiction.
William Butler Yeats
1865-1939. Irish poet/playwright. The Tower 1928; The Countess Cathleen 1892 (play). Stimulated Irelands theatrica, cultural, and literary revival
480-406BC. Greek playwright. Showed modern innovation like Realism, women's roles, inner character. Medea; Electra.
1572-1631. Metaphysical poetry leader. Songs and Sonnets
American Renaissance. Moby Dick 1851. Romantic in nature. Deals with human nature.
Key poet of Romantic movement. British. Short 6 year span of writing. early death. la Belle Dame sans Merci; Ode to a Nightingale; Ode to a Grecian urn - 1820.
712-770AD. Greatest of all Chinese poets
English. Kicked off Romanticism as anti-enlightenment. Post-humously famous. Collections: Songs of Innocence 1789; Songs of Experience 1794
French novelist. Dominant in French Realist school. Madam Bovary 1857 - adultress. escape boring life. Flabert's extreme craftsmanship.
French Neoclassical period. Don Juan 1665. Master of comedy. Play censored for religious mockery.
English. Romantic period. Lyrical Ballads 1798 (with Coleridge) - including Tinern Abbey - landmark in Romanticism. Poet Laureate 1843. The Prelude - post-humous Magnum opus.
Norwegian playwright. One of the first to write tradgedy about ordinary people in prose. Modernist theatre. A Doll's House 1879
Russian playwright/short story writer. Portrays upperclass life in pre-revolutionary Rusia with Naturalism/Symbolism. The Cherry Orchard 1904 - aristocracy dealing with now no serfs.
American born. Innovator. Unreliable narrator. Point of view. interior monologue - brought interest to narrative. Literary criticism - hugely influential. Portrait of a Lady 1881
American novelist/poet. Lolita 1958 - middle aged man's obsession with a 12 year old girl. Synesthetic detail. ex: "Loud perfume"
Honore de Balzac
French novelist. Realist. La Comedie Humaine 1815-1848 - huge collection of stories/plays - presents panorama of French society after Napoleon
Neoclassical. period. Irish satirist. Poet and cleric. Dean Swift. Guliver's Travels 1726 - a satire on human society. A Modest Proposal 1729
- British poet Essay on Criticism 1711 – gives principles of
- neoclassicism. The Rape of the Lock 1712 satirical mock epic. Best
- known for satirical verse and Homeric translations. Famous for his use of the heroic
- couplet. Edited Shakespeare’s works.
George Bernard Shaw
Irish playwright/writer. Combined comedy with a questioning of conventional morality and thought. Candida 1897; man and Superman 1903. Nobel Prize 1925.
Aerican Modern Period. The Sun Also Risesm 1926 - disollusionment of the post war "Lost generation" along with Fitzgerald and others. Lucid writing style. Huge 20h CE influence. A Farewell to Arms 1929
French poet/critic. Les Fleurs du mal 1857 - 101 lyrics that explore isolation, melancholy and attraction of evil/macabre. influenced Symbolism.
Waiting for Godot 1952. "The Play where nothing happens" Theatre of the Absurd.
English. Mrs. Dalloway 1925 - Inter-war social society. Modernist pioneer. Bloomsbury group. In the Lighthouse 1927
F. Scott Fitzgerald
"Lost generation" This Side of Paradise 1920- post war youth; The Great Gatsby 1925 - critique of Am dream.
American writer. Most posthumously famous. 1830-86.
I know Why the Caged Bird Sings 1969
1948. Shirley Jackson. stoning
suicide. The Bell Jar 1963 - roman a clef. mirroered her descent.
Greek Classical Period
800-400BC. Homer; Sophecles; Euripedes
Roman Classical Period
- Virgil; Horace; Ovid
Middle English (Medieval) Period
- Medieval theatre
- Italian R 1330-1550
- English R 1520-1620
- Elizabethan Period 1580-1600
The Neoclassical Period
- French N 1600/1700s
Pope; Milton; Defoe; Johann Wolfgan von Goethe
Age of Reason
- Thomas Paine Common Sense 1776
- Thomas Jefferson
- Patrick Henry
- Alexander Hamilton. James Madison. Federalist Papers
Puritan/Colonial American Literature
The Age of Enlightenment
The Romantic Period
- The Gothic Period 1785-1820
- Austen; Wordsworth; Keats
The Victorian Period
- Henry James
- Gustave Flaubert
- Twain; Crane; Howells; Horatio Alger
- American romantic Period/American Transcendentalism
- Herman Melville; Ralph Waldo Emerson; Hawthorne
- Conrad; Emily Zola; Theodore Dreiser
The Modern Period
- American Modern Period 1900-1945
- Joyce; Eliot; Woolf; Hemingway; Faulkner; Yeats; Chekhov
American Nationalist Period
- Washington Irving; Poe: James Cooper
The Color Purple 1982
The Crucible 1953; Death of a Salesman 1949
1564-1616. Elizabethan Period. Hamlet 1509 - Hamlet revenge on claudius for father murder. Lover Ophelia.
1265-1321 Middle English Period. Italian. Divine Comedy 1320
The Circles of Hell
- The gate of Hell - didnt take a stand. wasps
- 1. Limbo. virtuous Pagans. hopeless
- 2. Lustful. Swirled in wind
- 3. Gluttons. eating slime/muck
- 4. hoarders/wasters. pushing/pulling
- 5. wrathful/sullen. thrashing/bodies in water
- 6. heretics. living in smoking tombs
- 7. violence: murder, suicide, blasphemy, sodomy, usury
- 8. fraud: pimps/seducers; flattery; simony; sorcery; political corruption; hypocricy; theft; fraudulent rhetoric; divisiveness; falsificatoin
- 9. treachery
800BC The Illiad; The Odyssey
Poetics - most influential book of poetry ever written. dramatic unity- plot/action; time frame; setting) 384-322 BC
"father on Engl Lit" vernacular English. one of first. invented rhyme royal. The Canterbury TAles 1387-1400.
Russian novelist. Novels reveal his psychological insight, savage humor, and conern with religious, political, and moral problems posed by human suffering. Crime and Punishment 1868 - Raskolnikov justifies murder of evil person - existentialism precursor.
- used to link one phrase or clause to another (who, whom, what, whoever, whichever, that...)
- ex: How can you own a house which has no roof?
- which; what
- ex: Which plant should I water?
coordinating, subordinating, and correlating conjunctions
coor (for; and; but); sub (if, though, when) corr (either...or)
- a noun (gerund or infinitive) or adjective (participle) formed from a verb
- n: I like swimming.
- p: a working woman; burned toast
- single word governs/modifies two or more others using multiple definitions
- ex: Rend your heart, and not your garments
a sentence that changes grammatical structure midway, often to show disturbance or excitement.
feigned or pretended refusal of something actually desired
- thing equals concept
- ex: "oval Office" for President
- part equals whole
- ex: "all hands on deck"
Victorian era. Social reform. Characterized London. Florid/poetic language. Satires upper class. Fantasy/realism. Sentimental. Oliver Twist 1839 - shocked readers with realistic descriptions of poverty in London slums; A Tale of Two Cities 1859
British. Paradise Lost 1667. Blank verse epic. dispair at failure of revolution, yet optimistic
Johan Wolfgang von Goethe
Miguel de Cervantes
Don Quixote 1605 and 1615. first modern novel.
As I Lay Dying 1930 - stream of consciousness. many narrators. Southern Renaissance
metrical foot. 3 syllables. 2 unstressed followed by 1 stressed. opp of dactyl
metrical foot. 3 syllables. 1 stressed followed by 2 unstressed.
20th century. Albert Camus. Individual creates meaning through free will
Sister Carrie 1900. naturalism. An American Tragedy 1925.
1850s-1960s. Budelaire. Verlaine.
1915-1922. Anti war movement. influenced Breton's Surrealist movement
Not Without Laughter 1930; The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Zora Neale Hurston
Their Eyes were Watching God 1937
The Stranger 1946. influenced: Existentialism. Theatre of Absurd.
bizzare, terrifying images/realities. The Metamorphosis 1917
Tom Sawyer 1876; The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin 1884
The Red Badge of Courage 1895; Maggie: a Girl of the Strees 1893
War and Peace 1869 - Napolean's Russian invasion. Anakarenina 1875
Middlemarch 1872 - sophisticated character portraits. Poitical like all her works. . Victorian period. Realism.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Nature 1836 - watershed which made transcendentalism a movement. individualism
Henry David Thoreau
Walden, or a Life in the Woods 1854. Transc.
Leaves of Grass 1855. "father of free verse" transition from trans to Realism.
The 5 m's of Medieval Theatre
- 1. Mummings - yearly Pagan rituals
- 2. Mystery plays - "cycle"/summer plays. Act out Bible.
- 3. Miracle plays - lives of saints
- 4. Morality plays - allegorical and didactic. world speaking to man kind of thing
- 5. play of manners - social and secular.
The stress occurs on first syllable on each foot; Jack and jill went up the hill
like normal speech. One stressed. some other numer unstressed